Important Summits & Conferences in India: Summits & Conferences is one of the most important topics for the general awareness section. The important summits & conferences are not constrained to any one sub-section of general awareness. But can be encompassed into both static awareness and current affairs sub-topics. This topic is important for many competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, RRB, banking, etc.
Summits & conferences are a gathering among the leaders of different organizations or countries at the national and international levels. These are conducted from time to time for the establishment of diplomatic relationships. The important summits & conferences are organized keeping in mind an ulterior motive and planning to achieve the set aim. Usually, time is decided for development and progress.
There are some mainstream organizations conducting important summits & conferences across the globe. They are working towards the development of society. These organizations work towards the accomplishment of various motives ranging from lower to higher levels in terms of budget and complexity. The projects are funded by various countries and other organizations as well.
Take a look at the important national and international level organizations conducting the important summits & conferences on a regular basis:
The full form of ASEAN is the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Summit. It was established on 8th August 1967. These members aim to accelerate economic growth, social progress, and cultural development and to promote regional peace, collaboration, and mutual assistance on matters of common interest.
Headquarter: Jakarta, Indonesia
Members: There are 10 member countries namely Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, Singapore, and Brunei. East Timor and Papua New Guinea are the observer countries.
Chairperson: The current secretary-general is Lim Jock Hoi from Brunei.
The SAARC expands as the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. The organization was founded in Dhaka on 8 December 1985. The organization is working towards promoting the development of economic and regional integration.
Headquarter: Kathmandu, Nepal
Members: There are eight member countries of SAARC namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The United States of America is a permanent observer along with ten observers.
Chairperson: The present secretary-general hails from Sri Lanka. He is Esala Ruwan Weerakoon took charge on 3rd March 2020
United Nations Organizations
It is abbreviated as UNO is an intergovernmental organization working to maintain international peace and security, developing friendly relations among member nations. It was established on 24th October 1945 after World war II.
Headquarter: New York, USA
Members: There are a total of 193 member countries.
Chairperson: António Guterres, a Portuguese diplomat is the current secretary-general of the UNO.
Indian Science Congress
It is a premier scientific organization that meets annually in the first week of January. More than 30,000 scientists are a member of the organization. The first meet was held at the Asiatic Society in Calcutta in 1914. The main objective of this organization is the advancement and promotion of science at the national level among youths.
Headquarter: Kolkata, West Bengal
World Health Organization was established on 7th April 1948. The day is recognized as a world health day. The organization is working towards the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.
Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
Members: There are a total of 194 member nations
Chairperson: The director-general for the WHO is Tedros Adhanom. He is an Ethiopian biologist.
G 20 Organisation
It is a group of twenty countries working towards the common motive of international financial stability and bringing together systemically important industrialized and developing economies to discuss key issues in the global economy. It was founded on 26th September 1999.
Headquarter: Cancún, Mexico
Members: The member nations are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Spain is a permanent guest invitee.
Chairperson: Giuseppe Conte is the current chairperson of the G 20 organization. He is a native of Italy.
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
It is an intergovernmental forum of Asian nations promoting free trade across the Asia-Pacific region.
Headquarter: Queenstown, Singapore
Members: There are 21 member nations namely Australia, Canada, Brunei, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, the USA, Taiwan, hong kong, china, Mexico, Papua new guinea, chile, Peru, Russia, and Vietnam.
Chairperson: Muhyiddin Yassin is a former prime minister of Malaysia. He is the present chairman of APEC.
The full form of OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.
Headquarter: Vienna, Austria
Members: There are 13 member nations namely Angola, equatorial guinea, Gabon, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, republic of congo, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Venezuela, and Algeria.
Chairperson: Mohammed Barkindo is the present chairman of OPEC.
Important Summits & Conference
Given below are the important summits & conferences that occurred this year at the national and international level in a tabular format.
|S.No.||Summits & Conferences||Edition||VENUE||Salient Features|
|1.||National Youth Festival||23||Lucknow||It was organized by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and the State of Uttar Pradesh.|
|2.||Indian Science Congress||107||Bengaluru||The theme was Science and Technology: Rural Development|
|3.||World Future Energy Summit||Abu Dhabi||The theme was Rethinking Global Consumption, Production, and Investment.|
|4.||Raisina Dialogue||New Delhi||It focuses on geopolitics and geo-economics.|
|5.||Conference of CPA India Region||7||Lucknow||The theme was the Role of Legislators.|
|6.||Food Processing Summit||1||Ladakh||Organized jointly by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the Ministry of Food Processing Industries with the Ladakh government.|
|7.||Science Film Festival||5||Goa||Focuses on spreading the knowledge of science|
|8.||Shanghai Cooperation Organisation||19||India||It is an eight-member group.|
|9.||World Economic Forum||50||Davos||Mainly focuses on ecology, economy, society, industry, technology, and geopolitics|
|10.||International Children Film Festival||13||Dhaka||This event focuses on the young talents|
|11.||World Sustainable Development Summit||New Delhi||Theme: Towards 2030 Goals: Making the Decade Count|
|12.||COP||13||Gandhinagar||It focuses on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals.|
|13.||National Horticulture Fair||Bengaluru||Organized jointly by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR)|
|14.||National water Conferences||Bhopal||The theme is the Rejuvenation of rivers and water sources.|
|15.||COP||26||UK||Emphasize the climate change and preservation of nature|
|16.||International Fund for Agricultural Development||43||Rome||The theme is to Investing in sustainable food systems to end hunger by 2030|
|17.||Bio Asia||Hyderabad||Today for Tomorrow was the theme for the bio Asia summit|
|18.||Global Investors Summit||Srinagar||The motive was to attract investors|
|19.||G-20 Finance Ministers||Riyadh||The theme of the summit was Realizing Opportunities of the 21st Century for All.|
|20.||RAISE 2020||New Delhi||RAISE (Responsible AI for Social Empowerment)|
|21.||CPR Dialogues||2||New Delhi||Organized by the Centre for Policy Research|
|22.||Indian Science Congress||108||Pune||The theme is Science and Technology for Sustainable Development focusing on Women Empowerment|
|23.||World Productivity Congress||19||Bangalore||Shaping future government policies to enhance productivity for shaping future organizational strategies.|
|24.||BIMSTEC Summit||5||Columbo||The Secretary-General of BIMSTEC is Mohammad Shahidu Islam|
|25.||Wings India||Hyderabad||It is jointly organized by FICCI along with the Ministry of Civil Aviation and Airports Authority of India|
|26.||Global Ayurveda Festival||4||Kochi||The main theme is Actualizing India’s credibility.|
|27.||International Day of Yoga||6||Leh||Organized on the international yoga day i.e. 21st June|
|28.||World Cities Summit||7||Singapore||Focuses on sustainability and livability of cities in the world|
|29.||India Pharma & India Medical Device 2020 Conference||Gandhinagar||India Pharma: Meeting Challenges of Affordable and Quality Healthcare and India Medical Device: Promoting Affordably responsible and Quality Medical Device for Universal Health Care|
|30.||National Conference on Women in Police and CAPFs||New Delhi||Chaired by the Union Minister for Women and Child Development Mrs. Smriti Zubin Irani|
|31.||BRICS Foreign Ministers meeting||Russia||Due to the coronavirus pandemic, it will be a video conference among the foreign ministers|
|32.||G20 Digital Economy Ministers||Virtual||The emphasis is laid on making the world economies sustainable to fight the pandemic.|
|33.||Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)||Virtual||The conference was chaired by Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev|
|34.||Bamboo Conclave Conference||Virtual||Dr. Jitendra Singh attended the meeting. He is Union Minister of State for PMO, Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER)|
|35.||Commonwealth Health Ministers||32||Virtual||Dr. Harsh Vardhan, the Union Health Minister represented India. It was conducted on the theme of Delivering a co-ordinated Commonwealth COVID-19 response.|
|36.||World Health Assembly||73||Geneva||The foreign ministers of countries discussed via a virtual platform|
|37.||SCO Foreign Ministers||Russia||India was represented by External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar. The meeting was held under the chairmanship of Sergey Lavrov (Russia’s foreign minister).|
|38.||ASEAN Summit||36||Vietnam||Focuses on handling regional public health issues and funding to fight against COVID-19.|
|39.||G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (FMCBG)||3||Saudi Arabia||Mrs. Nirmala Sitharaman took part in the conference. She is the union minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs.|
|40.||SCO Health Ministers Digital Meet||Russia||Dr. Harsh Vardhan represented India at the global level. He is the union minister of Health and Family Welfare. Russia’s health minister Mr. Mikhail Murashko was the chairperson.|
|41.||World Conference of Speakers of Parliament||5||Virtual||The Theme of the meeting was Parliamentary leadership for more effective multilateralism that delivers peace and sustainable development for the people and the planet. From India Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla attended the conference.|
|42.||BRICS Environment Minister meeting||6||Virtual||It was a discussion among the BRICS nations on Sustainable Development Goals. Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar represented India.|
|43.||Combined meeting of Defence Ministers of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)||Moscow||It was conducted on the 75th Anniversary of victory in World War II. From India, Mr. Rajnath Singh (our defense minister) attended the event.|
|44.||Summit of the council of heads of government of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)||India||The member countries will lay focus on the trade and economic agenda of the influential grouping. The meet will be hosted by India.|
|45.||G-20 Virtual Meeting of Trade & Investment Ministers||Virtual||Union Commerce and Industry & Railways Minister Shri Piyush Goyal on 22 September 2020 took part in the virtual meeting of the G-20 Trade and Investment Ministers.|
|46.||G20 Foreign Ministers’ Extraordinary Meeting||Saudi Arabia||Prince Faisal Bin Farhan Al-Saud was the chairperson for the meeting. He is the minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, The Minister of external affairs Mr. S Jaishankar represented India.|
|47.||BRICS Culture Ministers Meet||5||Russia||Mr. Prahlad Singh Patel, Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism represented India. The members discussed exploring content sharing websites among themselves.|
|48.||Global Ayurveda Summit||4||Virtual||The theme was Emerging opportunities for Ayurveda during the Pandemic. Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated it. The objective of the summit is to showcase the Ayurveda immunity model like Health as One and Immunity through Ayurveda.|
|49.||Joint G20 Finance and Health Ministers Meeting||Saudi Arabia||The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan virtually attended the meeting.|
|50.||Global Climate Summit||Co-hosted by UN and United Kingdom||The summit was organized to mark the fifth anniversary of the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015.|
|51.||World Bank Development Committee Plenary||102||virtual||Mrs. Nirmala Sitharaman Union Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs represented India|
|52.||India International Science Festival (IISF), 2020||virtual platform||Chaired by the union minister of health and welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan. The aim is to Promote passion for science among young people and students by bringing science outside the laboratories|
|53.||G-20 Anti-Corruption Working Group||1||Saudi Arabia||Union Minister Jitendra Singh addressed the inaugural ministerial meeting|
|54.||VAIBHAV Summit||Virtual||The aim of the summit is to provide a single platform to academic institutes and R&D organizations across the globe. For collaborating to strengthen the academics and Science & Technology in India for global development.|
|55.||Prosecutors General of SCO||China||Solicitor General Tushar Mehta represented India. India is also the chair for the SCO Prosecutors General Meet to be conducted in 2021.|
|56.||SCO Ministers handling the economy and foreign trade||India||The aim is to enhance trade and investment. The minister of Commerce and Industry Shri Piyush Goyal represented India.|
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