List of Dams in India 2024 State-wise: Longest, Largest, Highest, Oldest Dams

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List of Dams in India: In This Article, We are Providing You with Detailed Information about the List of Dams in India With Complete Details like the Highest dam in India, the largest dam in India, a Map of Dams in India, the Importance of Dams in India The general awareness section in various exams like the Bank exam, SSC exam, Insurance exam, or the most coveted Civil Service exam comprises questions related to important dams in India. Candidates can download the list of dams in India pdf given below. The purpose of the dams in India along with the state and rivers pdf is provided below.

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Important Dams in India: Dams in India play a vital role in the country’s sustainable development and resource management efforts. As one of the world’s most populous nations, India faces the challenge of meeting growing energy demands and ensuring efficient water management for agriculture and industry. Dams serve as reservoirs of water and sources of hydroelectric power, providing solutions to these challenges. This article will include some of the major dams in India and their significance in water management, irrigation, hydroelectric power generation, and flood control.

Important Dams in India

Dams are structures that control the flow of water, creating reservoirs with various purposes such as flood control, irrigation, drinking water supply, industry, aquaculture, and navigation. They are often combined with hydropower plants to generate electricity. Unlike floodgates or levees, which control water flow into specific areas, dams primarily retain water. India hosts numerous important dams serving various functions. Let’s look into some of these significant dams in India.

Important Dams in India List

These are some of the important dams in India along with their respective states and rivers they are built on.

Important Dams in India List
Name of DamStateRiver
Bhavani Sagar DamTamil NaduBhavani
Tungabhadra DamKarnatakaTungabhadra
Rihand DamUttar PradeshRihand
Maithon DamJharkhandBarakar
Koyna DamMaharashtraKoyna
Bisalpur DamRajasthanBanas
Mettur DamTamil NaduKaveri
Krishnarajasagar DamKarnatakaKaveri
Indira Sagar DamMadhya PradeshNarmada
Cheruthoni DamKeralaCheruthoni
Sardar Sarovar DamGujaratNarmada
Nagarjuna Sagar DamTelanganaKrishna
Hirakud DamOdishaMahanadi
Bhakra Nangal DamPunjab-Himachal Pradesh BorderSutlej
Tehri DamUttarakhandBhagirathi

State-wise Important Dams in India

State-wise Important Dams in India is as follows:

State-wise Important Dams in India
Name of DamState
Somasila DamAndhra Pradesh
Srisailam DamAndhra Pradesh
Bhakra Nangal DamHimachal Pradesh and Punjab Border
Pandoh DamHimachal Pradesh
Nathpa Jhakri DamHimachal Pradesh
Chamera DamHimachal Pradesh
Baglihar DamJammu and Kashmir
Dumkhar Hydroelectric DamJammu and Kashmir
Uri Hydroelectric DamJammu and Kashmir
Maithon DamJharkhand
Chandil DamJharkhand
Panchet DamJharkhand
Tunga Bhadra DamKarnataka
Linganamakki DamKarnataka
Kadra DamKarnataka
Alamatti DamKarnataka
Supa DamKarnataka
Krishna Raja Sagara DamKarnataka
Harangi DamKarnataka
Narayanpur DamKarnataka
Kodasalli DamKarnataka
Malampuzha DamKerala
Peechi DamKerala
Idukki DamKerala
Kundala DamKerala
Parambikulam DamKerala
Walayar DamKerala
Mullaperiyar DamKerala
Neyyar DamKerala
Rajghat DamUttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh Border
Barna DamMadhya Pradesh
Bargi DamMadhya Pradesh
Bansagar DamMadhya Pradesh
Gandhi Sagar DamMadhya Pradesh
Yeldari DamMaharashtra
Ujani DamMaharashtra
Pawna DamMaharashtra
Mulshi DamMaharashtra
Koyna DamMaharashtra
Jayakwadi DamMaharashtra
Bhatsa DamMaharashtra
Wilson DamMaharashtra
Tansa DamMaharashtra
Panshet DamMaharashtra
Mula DamMaharashtra
Kolkewadi DamMaharashtra
Girna DamMaharashtra
Vaitarna DamMaharashtra
Khadakwasla DamMaharashtra
Gangapur DamMaharashtra
Singur DamTelangana
Radhanagari DamMaharashtra
Lower Manair DamTelangana
Mid Manair DamTelangana
Upper Manair DamTelangana
Nizam Sagar DamTelangana
Jalaput DamAndhra Pradesh and Odisha Border
Indravati DamOdisha
Hirakud DamOdisha
Vaigai DamTamil Nadu
Perunchani DamTamil Nadu
Mettur DamTamil Nadu
Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Dam / Rihand damUttar Pradesh
Tehri DamUttarakhand
Dhauli Ganga DamUttarakhand

Types of Important Dams in India

Here are the various types of dams found in India:

  1. Arch Dam: These concrete dams curve upstream, utilizing the hydrostatic pressure to push against their arch shape, reinforcing the structure against the force of the water. They are ideal for narrow canyons or gorges with sturdy rock walls.
  2. Gravity Dam: Built from concrete or stone masonry, these dams rely on their weight and resistance against the foundation to withstand the horizontal pressure of the water pushing against them. Each part of the dam is designed to be stable and independent.
  3. Arch-Gravity Dam: Combining features of both arch and gravity dams, these structures narrow as they turn upstream, directing water pressure against the canyon walls while lessening the lateral force pressing on the dam.
  4. Barrages: These are low-head, diversion dams consisting of several large gates that can be opened or closed to regulate the flow of water, maintaining the river’s elevation upstream for various uses, including irrigation.
  5. Embankment Dams: These substantial man-made dams are constructed by compacting semi-plastic mounds of soil, sand, clay, or rock compositions. They typically have a solid, impermeable core and a semi-permeable natural waterproof covering.
  6. Rock-Fill Dams: Constructed with compacted granular earth embankments, these dams have an impermeable zone. They are composed of earth with a significant proportion of large particles.
  7. Concrete-face Rock-Fill Dams (CFRD): These dams consist of rock-fill with concrete slabs on their upstream face. The concrete slab acts as both an impervious wall to prevent leaks and a structure capable of withstanding uplift pressure.
  8. Earth-Fill Dams: Also known as earthen dams, these are constructed with well-compacted earth embankments. They may be made entirely of one material or have a drain layer to capture leak water while maintaining homogeneity.

Roles of Dams

Dams are important in India’s water management and development, offering significant advantages:

  1. Water Supply: Major dams ensure a consistent water supply for domestic, industrial, and agricultural purposes. They store water during rainy seasons and release it during dry periods, ensuring a reliable water source.
  2. Hydroelectric Power: Many dams are equipped with hydroelectric power stations, harnessing flowing water to generate electricity. This contributes to India’s energy requirements and reduces reliance on fossil fuels.
  3. River Navigation: Dams regulate water flow, facilitating river navigation and maintaining navigable channels. This improves transportation, enhancing connectivity and trade through efficient inland waterway navigation.
  4. Recreation: Reservoirs formed by dams offer recreational activities like fishing and boating, serving as popular tourist destinations. This boosts local economies and provides leisure opportunities for residents and visitors alike.
  5. Flood Control: Dams help control floods by storing excess water during heavy rainfall and releasing it gradually. This mitigates sudden surges, minimizing the risk of downstream flooding and safeguarding lives and property.

FAQs

Q. How Many Dams are There in India

ANS: There are Total 3200 Dams in India Include major /medium dams 

Q. Which is the First Dam in India?

Ans: Kallanai Dam is the first dam in India Water Running across the Kaveri river in Tiruchirappalli District and THANJAVUR District of the state Tamil Nadu

Q. Which state has Highest Dams in India?

Ans: Maharashtra has the Highest Number of dams with a total of 2354 dams, including 2069 completed and 285 under construction

Q. Which is the Highest Dam in India?

Ans: The Tehri Dam is The Highest Dam in India. It is located in the state of Uttarakhand.

Q. Which is the oldest dam in Karnataka?

Ans: Vani Vilasa Sagara Dam is The Oldest Dam in Karnataka


India, land of rivers has a huge potential for the construction of massive dams, owing to its geographical features. In the north lies the Himalayan Mountains, in middle India lies the Plateaus, whereas in southern India have Western and the Eastern Ghats along the ocean boundaries of the country. India has already constructed a huge number of several dams and water reservoirs, with approximately 4300 already-constructed large dams. Moreover, several projects are in the pipeline. Check the highest, longest oldest and other important dames in India along with reservoirs in the article below which help in various examinations like UPSC, State PSC, SSC, Bank Exams etc.

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