List of Rivers of India PDF and their Origin and Tributaries |Download PDF


Rivers of India PDF and their Origin and Tributaries PDF

List of Rivers of India: All rivers in India are considered as holy/religious spots and they play a significant role in Indian traditions in different manners since primordial times. India’s every region is spotted with several major rivers. A river is a natural waterway of fresh water, which flows toward an ocean, sea, lake or another river.

Most of the major rivers of India flow towards the east and drain out into the Bay of Bengal. There are only five rivers in India that flow from east to west Narmada, Mahi, Tapti river, Luni, and Sabarmati, and drain out into the Arabian Sea.

A river is a natural waterway of freshwater, flowing toward an ocean, sea, lake or any other river. Most of India’s major rivers flow eastwards and fall into the Bay of Bengal. There are only five rivers in India that flow from east to west, Narmada, Mahi, tapti river, luni and sabarmati and fall into the Arabian Sea. Here we have brought details related to the complete list of major rivers of India and the rivers and their tributaries in India. Also, Check Riverside Cities in India

Here we have come up with the details related to the Major rivers of India and the complete list of rivers in India and their tributaries.

List of Rivers of India pdf
List of Rivers of India pdf

Complete List of Rivers of India |Their Lengths, Origins, and Tributaries

The following list shows the names of rivers in India with their lengths, origins, and tributaries.

S.No.RiversOriginLength (km)End
1.GangaGangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand2,525Bay of Bengal
2.YamunaYamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand1,376Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
3.BrahmaputraHimalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh1,800Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
4.ChambalTributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh960Joins Yamuna river in UP
5.SonTributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh784Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
6.GandakNepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam)630Joins Ganga near Patna
7.KosiStarts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border720Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
8.BetwaTributary of Yamuna, rises at Vindhya region, MP590Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP
9.GomtiTributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP900Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
10.GhagharaHimalayan Glacier in Tibet, tributary of Ganga1080Joins Ganga in Bihar
11.Hugli (Hooghly)Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal260Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
12.DamodarTributary of Hugli near Chandwara, Jharkhand592Merges with Hugli in West Bengal
13.MahanandaPaglajhora falls, Darjeeling, West Bengal360Merge in Ganga
14.AlaknandaSatopanth & Bhagirathi-Kharak glacier190Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
15.BhagirathiGaumukh, Uttarakhand205Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
16.IndusOriginates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K3180Merges into Arabian sea near Sindh
17.ChenabUpper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh960Merges with Indus
18.JhelumTributary of Chenab river, Punjab725Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
19.RaviStarts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh720Joins Chenab in Pakistan
20.SutlejTributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet1500Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
21.BeasRises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh470Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India
22.ParbatiMantalai Glacier near Pin Prabati Pass –Mixes with Beas River at Bhuntar, near Kullu of Himachal Pradesh
23.SuruPanzella Glacier, Pensi La Pass, Kargil185Indus, Nurla, Skardu, Pakistan
24.DrasMachoi Glacier, Zoji La, ear Sonamarg, Jammu & Kashmir86Suru River at Kharul, Kargil
25.ZanskarDoda River (First Branch), Kargyag and Tsarap River (Second Branch) –Indus River near Nimmu in Ladakh
26.TsarapPankpo La, Sarchu182Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
27.DodaDrang-Drung Glacier, Pensi La79Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
28.KaveriTalakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka765Ends in Bay of Bengal
29.KrishnaOriginates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra1400Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
30.GodavariStarts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states1465Empties in Bay of Bengal
31.TungabhadraTributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka531Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
32.TaptiRises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh724Empties into Gulf of Khambhat, Gujarat
33.MahiRises in Madhya Pradesh580Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
34.NarmadaStarts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh1315Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay
35.IndravatiDandakaranya range, Kalahandi district, Odisha535Godavari near border of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Telangana
36.PranhitaConfluence of Wardha and Wainganga, near Sirpur Kaghaznagar113Godavari, near Kaleshwaram, Telangana
37.WardhaSatpura range, Multai, Betul district of Madhya Pradesh528Pranhita River
38.Kolab (Sabari)Sinkaran hills, Koraput, Odisha200Godavari
39.ManjiraBalaghat hills724Godavari, near Kandakurthi, Karnataka
40.WaingangaSatpura range, Mundara, Seoni district, Madhya Pradesh579Pranhita River
41.PaingangaAjanta range, Aurangabad, Maharashtra676Wardha river, Chandrapur district, Maharashtra
42.VedavathiConfluence of Veda and Avathi –Tungabhadra river, near Siruguppa
43.BhimaBhimashankar861Krishna river, near raichur
44.IndrayaniLonavala, Maharashtra Bhima river
45.PavanaSahyadri range, Lonavala Maharashtra58Mula river
46.GhataprabhaWestern ghats, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra283Krishna river, Almatti
47.VennaMahabaleshwar, Maharashtra130Krishna river, Satara, Maharashtra
48.KoynaMahabaleshwar, Maharashtra130Krishna river, near Karad, Satara
49.AmravatiAnamalai hills, Pambar, Chinnar rivers282Kaveri river at Karur, Tamil Nadu
50.BhavaniSilent valley National Park, Kerala135Kaveri river at Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu
51.HemavatiWestern Ghats, Chikmagalur, Karnataka245Kaveri river near Krishna Raja Sagara, Karnataka
52.MahanadiDhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh858Bay of Bengal, near False Point, Kendrapara, Odisha
53.SubarnarekhaChota Nagpur plateau, near Ranchi, Jharkhand395Kirtania Port, near Talsari, Bay of Bengal
54.KangsabatiChota Nagpur plateau, Purulia district, West Bengal465Bay of Bengal near Haldia
55.Penner (Penna)Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur district, Karnataka597Bay of Bengal, near Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
56.PalarNandi hills, Kolar district Karnataka348Bay of Bengal, near Vayalur, Tamil Nadu
57.VaigaiVarusanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu258Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu
58.VellarShevaroy Hills150Bay of Bengal, near Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu
59.PonnaiyarNandidurg, Chikkaballapur400Bay of Bengal
60.NoyyalVelliangiri Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu180Kaveri river
61.GomaiSatpura Range –Tapti river, near Prakasha, Nandurbar, Maharashtra
62.PanzaraNear Pimpalaner, Dhule, Maharashtra –Tapti river
63.PurnaSatpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh –Tapti river, near Changdev, Maharashtra
64.KolarVindhya Range, near Sehore district, Madhya Pradesh101Narmada, near Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh
65.TawaSatpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh172Narmada near Hoshangabad district
66.SabarmatiDhebar lake, Aravalli range, near Udaipur, Rajasthan371Gulf of Khambhat
67.ZuariHemad-Barshem in western ghats34Arabian sea
68.UlhasNear Rajmachi hills, Sahyadri range122Vasai creek, Mumbai
69.MithiVihar lake and Powai lake15Arabian sea, Mahim creek, Mumbai
70.MandoviBhimgad, Karnataka77Arabian sea
71.KaliKushavali, Karnataka184Arabian sea
72.NetravatiKudremukh, Chikmagalur, Karnataka –Arabian sea, near Mangalore, Karnataka
73.SharavatiWestern Ghats, Tirthahalli, Karnataka128Arabian sea, near Honnavar, Uttar Kannada district, Karnataka
74.PeriyarSivagiri hills, Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu244Lakshadweep sea, Kerala
75.BharathappuzhaAnamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu209Lakshadweep sea, Ponnani, Kerala
76.PambaPulachimalai Hills, Western Ghats176Vembanad Lake
77.ChaliyarElambaleri Hills, Western Ghats, Wayanad, Kerala169Lakshadweep sea, Kerala

Top 5 Major Rivers of India

Here we have come up with the detailed information related to 5 major rivers of India.

1. The Ganga

Being the largest river in India, Ganga has been declared as the National River of India.

  •  Ganga is worshipped as the Goddess of Hindus.
  •  Gangotri Glacier, Nanda Kot, Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Satopanth Glacier, Kamet, and Trisul are the sources of Ganga.
  •  Its length is 2525 km.
  •  It rises from the western Himalayas and drains into the Bay of Bengal. The origin of the Ganga is called Gangotri.
  •  It flows through the Varanasi, Haridwar, Allahabad, Kolkata, Kanpur, Patna, and Ghazipur cities.
  •  The two most bridges of India i.e. Mahatma Gandhi Setu & Vidyasagar Setu are made over the Ganga.

In the General Knowledge section of various competitive exams such as IBPS, SSC & RRB, you may face questions related to River Ganga. The questions can be asked in the following forms.

  1.  Which is the longest river in India?
  2.  Which is the national river of India?
  3.  Which is the biggest river in India?
  4.  Which river has the largest basin in India?
  5.  Which is the largest river in India?

The only answer to all these questions is the holy ‘Ganga River in India’.

2. the Godavari

The Godavari is one of the sacred waterways of central India, near Nasik in Maharashtra.

  • It is the largest river in South India as well as the second longest river in India.
  •  Brahmagiri Mountain is the source of Godavari and its length is 1465 km.
  •  The Godavari flows from western to southern India.
  •  It flows towards the east, traversing the Deccan Plateau.
  •  In the end, it pours into the Bay of Bengal at Narasapuram in Andhra Pradesh.
  •  Godavari Bridge and Godavari Arch Bridge are its major bridges.

3. the Brahmaputra

The Brahmaputra is the longest river in India which is known by different names based on the regions, it flows through.

  •  The Brahmaputra originates from the Kailash Ranges of the Himalayas and its length is 2900 km.
  •  Southwest Tibet in the Himalayas is the source of Brahmaputra Waterways.
  •  Naranarayan Setu, Dhola-Sadia, Saraighat Bridges are made over Brahmaputra. And, Bhupen Hazarika Setu (Dhola–Sadiya Bridge) is the longest river bridge in India.

4. the Yamuna

The Yamuna, which is the lifeline of Delhi is the second largest tributary river of the Ganga in northern India. The Yamuna is one of the most important rivers in India.

  •  It originates from the Yamunotri Glacier in the uppermost region of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand and drains into the Triveni Sangam.
  •  The Yamuna takes place in the India river map as one of the important rivers in India.
  •  Yamunotri and Champasar Glacier are the sources of Yamuna and their length is 1376 km.
  •  It flows through Agra, Allahabad, Mathura, Yamuna Nagar, Noida, Delhi, Etawah, Baghpat, Firozabad, Kalpi, Hamirpur cities.
  •  New Yamuna Bridge, Allahabad bridges are made over the Yamuna.
  •  The Yamuna also creates natural state borders between Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

5. Kaveri

The Kaveri is also known as Cauvery. It is the holiest river of South India and one of the important rivers in the territory.

  •  The Kaveri comes in the list of rivers in India which are the most famous amongst Indians.
  •  Talakaveri in the Western Ghats Mountain Range is the source of Kaveri and its length is 765 km.
  •  It flows through Tiruchirappalli, Talakaveri, Thanjavur, Srirangapatna cities. Cauvery Bridge is made over Kaveri.
  •  Shivanasamudra Falls created by Kaveri and Doddabetta is the highest point of the Kaveri basin.

List of Rivers of India PDF & their Origins, Lengths, Tributaries, Basins

In this article, we have tried to cover up all the information related to the rivers, which are situated in India. Must read the complete article to gain knowledge of the list of rivers of India and their origins. Hope this data will help you to connect with our countries’ rivers.

GK Questions And Answers On Indian Rivers

1. Name the watershed from where all Major Rivers in India originate?

A) Aravalli Range
B) Sahyadri or The Western Ghats in Western India
C) Himalaya and Karakoram Ranges
D) Vindhya and Satpura ranges and Chotanagpur plateau in central India

2. Which Sea do the Rivers in India pour off?

Answer: The Bay of Bengal and The Arabian Sea

3.  Name the three River Basins that Himalayan glaciers divide?

A) Indus
B) Ganga
C) Brahmaputra

4. Largest River System in India?

Answer: Ganga

5. Which Indian Rivers pour into Bangladesh?

A) Ganga
B) Meghna
C) Brahmaputra

6. How many Major Rivers make up the River System of India?

Answer: 7 (Seven)

7. Name the Major Rivers that make up the River System in India?

A) Indus
B) Godavari
C) Brahmaputra
D) Krishna
E) Tapi
F) Narmada
G) Mahanadi

8. Name the 4 classifications of the River Systems in India?

1) Himalayan Rivers
2)Deccan Rivers
3) Coastal Rivers
4) Rivers of Inland Water Drainage.

Alternative River Names in India

No.Present NameAlternative Name
1Indus RiverSindhū
2Jhelum RiverVitastā
3Brahmaputra RiverDihang, Tsangpo
4Krishna RiverKṛṣṇaveṇā
5Chenab RiverAsikini 
6Luni RiverLavanavat, Sagarmati
7Beas RiverVipasa
8Sutlej RiverSatadree
9Narmada RiverNerbudda, Rewa
10Ravi RiverParusni
11Chambal RiverCharmanyavati
12Kosi RiverSaptakoshi
13Ghaghara RiverKarnali
14Gandak RiverKali Gandaki
15Betwa RiverBetravati 
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List of Rivers of India PDF and their Origin and Tributaries: FAQs

Longest River in the World?

Answer: Nile River

What is River Ganga called in Bangladesh?

Answer: Padma River

Which river has lent its name to India?

Answer: Indus River

Which Sea does River Ganga end?

Answer: Bay of Bengal

Which Indian River is known as the “Red River”?

Answer: Brahmaputra River

Which River is located in Kolkata?

Answer: River Hooghly

Which River is known as the Yarlung Tsangpo?

Answer: Brahmaputra River


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