The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 1 October 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 1 October 2021

EXIGENT (Adjective) : जरूरी, अत्यावश्यक
Meaning: pressing; demanding.
अर्थ : अत्यावश्यक, माँग करना
Synonyms: urgent, crucial
Antonyms: unpressured, facile
Example: I try not to be exigent with my students, but as a teacher, I have to press them to get their work done.

EULOGIZE(Verb): स्तुति करना
Meaning: to praise someone or something in a speech or piece of writing
अर्थ : भाषण या लेखन के किसी अंश में किसी की प्रशंसा करना
Synonyms: applaud, commend
Antonyms: blame, criticize
Example: Critics everywhere have eulogized her new novel.

DIMINUTION (Noun) : अवनति
Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
Synonyms: curtailment, contraction, constriction, restriction, limitation
Antonyms: increase, expansion, growth
Sentence: The diminution of cafeteria monitors has resulted in an increase in food fights at the high school.

RELENT (verb) : नरम पड़ना
Meaning: to cease resistance (as to another’s arguments, demands, or control).
अर्थ: प्रतिरोध को रोकना (दूसरे के तर्क, मांग या नियंत्रण के अनुसार)।
Synonyms: concede, give in, submit, succumb.
Antonyms: combat, confront, counter, defy.
Sentence: Because my mother is very angry, she won’t relent on my severe punishment.

Malapert (adjective): गुस्ताख़
Meaning: boldly disrespectful; impudent.
अर्थ: साहसपूर्वक अनादर।
Synonym: impertinent, cheeky, rude, brazen.
Antonyms: courteous, humble, modest, polite.
Sentence: In a fury, she said that he was too malapert to give her such an answer, and affirmed that both he and they should repent it.

BENIGNANT (adjective) : दयालु
Meaning: having or marked by sympathy and consideration for others.
अर्थ: दूसरों के लिए सहानुभूति और विचार द्वारा चिह्नित या चिह्नित करना।
Synonyms: beneficent, benevolent, compassionate, softhearted.
Antonyms: atrocious, barbarous, callous, fiendish.
Usage: The queen had a benignant reputation and was loved for her caring treatment of others.

BUCOLIC (Adjective) : ग्राम्य
Meaning: Relating to the pleasant aspects of the countryside and country life.
अर्थ: ग्रामीण इलाकों और देश के जीवन के सुखद पहलुओं से संबंधित।
Synonyms: Rustic, Rural, Pastoral, Country
Antonyms: Urban
Usage: Even though I was born in the city, I still prefer the quiet of a small bucolic village any day.

SIDLE (Verb): तरफ़ चलना
Meaning: walk in a furtive, unobtrusive, or timid manner, especially sideways or obliquely.
अर्थ: फुर्तीली, विनीत, या डरपोक तरीके से चलना, विशेष रूप से बग़ल में या विशिष्ट रूप से।
Synonyms: creep, sneak, slink, slip, slide
Antonyms: march, stride
Usage: Because the cars were parked in the driveway, I had to sidle between them in order to get to the house.

WOO (Verb): प्रीति करना
Meaning: seek the favor, support, or custom of.
अर्थ: एहसान, समर्थन, या रिवाज चाहते हैं।
Synonyms: chase, pursue, ingratiate,
Antonyms: deter, affront, repulse, reject.
Usage: Political parties have roped in Bollywood stars only to woo the young.

PRIGGISH (adjective) : दम्भी
Meaning: self-righteously moralistic and superior.
अर्थ: स्वयंभू रूप से नैतिक और श्रेष्ठ।
Synonyms: smug, sanctimonious, moralistic, prudish.
Antonyms: broad-minded, permissive, overstrung, uptight.
Usage: After living with his wife for 30 years, the husband was tired of the nagging and demands made by his priggish woman.

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