The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 11 December 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

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The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 11 December 2021

ABIDING (Adjective) : स्थायी

  • Meaning: (of a feeling or memory) lasting a long time; enduring.
  • अर्थ: (एक भावना या स्मृति का) लंबे समय तक चलने वाला; स्थायी।
  • Synonyms: Persisting, Long-lasting, Everlasting, Perpetual.
  • Antonyms: Short-lived, Ephemeral, Transitory, Transient.
  • Usage: The abiding interest in Corner is patriotic and political rather than literary.

AGHAST(Adjective) : आश्चर्यान्वित, हक्काबक्का

  • Meaning: Suddenly filled with strong feelings of shock and worry
  • अर्थ: अचानक सदमे और चिंता की मजबूत भावनाओं से भर गया
  • Synonyms: Anxious, Dismayed
  • Antonyms: Unsurprised, Calm
  • Usage: Workers and union officials were aghast at the layoffs.

Dissent (Noun) : मतभेद

  • Meaning: Holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.
  • अर्थ: आम तौर पर या आधिकारिक तौर पर आयोजित लोगों के साथ विचरण पर विचारों की पकड़ या अभिव्यक्ति।
  • Synonyms: Disagreement, Difference of Opinion, Disapproval, Conflict, Demur.
  • Antonyms: Agreement, Approval, Concurrance, Harmony, Accept.
  • Usage: The issue was so deep that invited dissent between the communities.

Insouciant(Adjective) : चिंतामुक्त

  • Meaning: showing a casual lack of concern
  • अर्थ: चिंता का एक आकस्मिक अभाव दिखाना
  • Synonym: nonchalant, untroubled, unworried,
  • Antonym: anxious, concerned
  • Example: His insouciant handling of the oil spill in the Gulf is under fire from all sides.

RECALCITRANT (adjective) : आज्ञा न माननेवाला

  • Meaning: having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.
  • अर्थ: अधिकार या अनुशासन के प्रति उदासीन रवैया रखना।
  • Synonyms: indocile, insubordinate, defiant, wayward.
  • Antonyms: compliant, conformable, docile, tractable.
  • Example: The manager worried that the recalcitrant employee would try to undermine his authority.

EXIGENT (Adjective) : जरूरी, अत्यावश्यक 

  • Meaning: pressing; demanding.
  • अर्थ : अत्यावश्यक, माँग करना
  • Synonyms: urgent, crucial
  • Antonyms: unpressured, facile
  • Example: I try not to be exigent with my students, but as a teacher I have to press them to get their work done.

EULOGIZE(Verb): स्तुति करना

  • Meaning: to praise someone or something in a speech or piece of writing
  • अर्थ : भाषण या लेखन के किसी अंश में किसी की प्रशंसा करना
  • Synonyms: applaud, commend
  • Antonyms: blame, criticize
  • Example: Critics everywhere have eulogized her new novel.

DIMINUTION (Noun) : अवनति

  • Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
  • Synonyms: curtailment,  contraction, constriction, restriction, limitation
  • Antonyms: increase, expansion, growth
  • Sentence:  The diminution of cafeteria monitors has resulted in an increase in food fights at the high school.

RELENT (verb) : नरम पड़ना

  • Meaning: to cease resistance (as to another’s arguments, demands, or control).
  • अर्थ: प्रतिरोध को रोकना (दूसरे के तर्क, मांग या नियंत्रण के अनुसार)।
  • Synonyms: concede, give in, submit, succumb.
  • Antonyms: combat, confront, counter, defy.
  • Sentence: Because my mother is very angry, she won’t relent on my severe punishment.

Malapert (adjective)  : गुस्ताख़

  • Meaning: boldly disrespectful; impudent.
  • अर्थ: साहसपूर्वक अनादर।
  • Synonym: impertinent, cheeky, rude, brazen.
  • Antonyms: courteous, humble, modest, polite.
  • Sentence: In a fury, she said that he was too malapert to give her such an answer, and affirmed that both he and they should repent it.
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