The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 11 October 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 11 October 2021

DIVEST (verb) विनिहित करना

  • Meaning: to set (a person or thing) free of something that encumbers.
  • अर्थ: किसी वस्तु को मुक्त करने के लिए (किसी व्यक्ति या बात) को सेट करना।
  • Synonyms: disencumber, rid, emancipate, release.
  • Antonyms: hamper, restrain, shackle, encumber.
  • Example:  Under the new deal, the company agreed to divest itself of half its revenues, so they could distribute it among their creditors.

BERATE (verb) जोर से डाँटना

  • Meaning: cold or criticize (someone) angrily.
  • अर्थ: ठंड या आलोचना (किसी को) गुस्से से।
  • Synonyms: castigate, chastise, lambaste, reprimand.
  • Antonyms: approve, extol, laud, praise.
  • Example: Every time the referee made a questionable call, the fans would berate him and throw beans on the field.

FABLED (adjective) कथा में बर्णन किया हुआ

  • Meaning: mythical; imaginary.
  • अर्थ: पौराणिक; काल्पनिक।
  • Synonyms: fictitious, hypothetical, apocryphal, allegorical.
  • Antonyms: authentic, existent, factual, confirmed.
  • Example: Long after the kingdoms of southern Arabia disappeared, the fabled riches of the region live on in the popular imagination.

Chronic (Adjective) – स्थायी

  • Meaning: continuing or occurring again and again for a long time,  happening or existing frequently or most of the time, always or often doing something specified
  • अर्थ: लंबे समय तक बार-बार जारी रहना या घटित होना, लगातार या अधिकतर समय, हमेशा या अक्सर कुछ किया जाना
  • Synonym: natural; persistent, regular,
  • Antonym: unaccustomed, unused; intermittent, occasional
  • Example: He suffers from chronic arthritis.

Punctilious (Adjective) – समयनिष्ठ (पाबंद)

  • Meaning: showing great attention to detail or correct behavior.
  • अर्थ: विस्तार या सही व्यवहार पर बहुत ध्यान देना।
  • Synonym: meticulous, conscientious, careful, diligent, attentive,
  • Antonym: careless, easy-going, slapdash
  • Example: While I enjoy cleanliness, I am not so punctilious that I get upset about a little dust on my furniture.

Beset : टूट पड़ना

  • Meaning: (of a problem or difficulty) trouble (someone or something) persistently.
  • अर्थ:  (किसी समस्या या कठिनाई के कारण) (किसी को या किसी को) निरंतर कष्ट होना।
  • Synonyms: harass, plague, assail, hound, attack
  • Antonyms: protect, defend, aid, assist
  • Usage in a Sentence: A lack of money is the greatest problem besetting the city today.

Word: Eponymous : व्यक्ति जिसके नाम से किसी रचना का नाम रखा हो

  • Meaning: (of a person) giving their name to something.
  • अर्थ: (किसी व्यक्ति का) किसी चीज को अपना नाम देना।
  • Synonyms: self-titled, namesake, homonymous, titular
  • Antonyms: anonymous, nameless, unknown, incognito
  • Usage in a Sentence: Benko is the author of an eponymous opening line for the black pieces.

Word: Fillip : प्रेरणा

  • Meaning: something which acts as a stimulus or boost to activity.
  • अर्थ: कोई ऐसी चीज जो उत्तेजना या गतिविधि को बढ़ावा देने का काम करती है।
  • Synonyms: incentive, stimulus, boost, encouragement
  • Antonyms: deterrence, disincentive
  • Usage in a sentence: The news gave a fillip to the telecommunication sector.

Word: Saving grace : विशेष गुण

  • Meaning: the redeeming grace of God.
  • अर्थ: ईश्वर की कृपा से छुड़ाने वाली कृपा।
  • Synonyms: good point, attractive aspect, advantage
  • Antonyms: weak point, disadvantage, difficulty, weakness
  • Usage in a Sentence: Dogs are a man’s best friend and a cop’s saving grace.

Word: Uptick : उत्थान

  • Meaning: a small increase or slight upward trend.
  • अर्थ: एक छोटी वृद्धि या थोड़ा ऊपर की ओर प्रवृत्ति।
  • Synonyms: uptrend, rise, increase, growth, increment, surge
  • Antonyms: downtick, decrement, decline, loss, abatement, decrease
  • Usage in a sentence: Unfortunately, the passage of the law didn’t translate into an uptick of tenants using vouchers in the city, Martin acknowledged.

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