The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 12 November 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 12 November 2021

DISPOSITION(noun) : स्वभाव

Meaning: the particular type of character that a person naturally has
अर्थ: वह विशेष प्रकार का स्वभाव जो स्वाभाविक रूप से किसी व्यक्ति का होता है
Synonyms: habit, the tendency
Antonyms: hatred, dislike
Usage: In this theory, persons evoke eros if they have beautiful bodies, minds, or dispositions.

GAUNT (adjective) : दुर्बल
Meaning: extremely skinny, typically because of illness or starvation
अर्थ: अत्यंत पतली, आमतौर पर बीमारी या भुखमरी के कारण
Synonyms: grim, thin
Antonyms: fat, heavy
Usage: After being held in a dark basement for three months, the prisoner was gaunt and weak.

PROTRACT (Verb) : फैलना
Meaning: prolong.
अर्थ: लम्बा होना।
Synonyms: extend. lengthen, elongate, continue
Antonyms: curtail, shorten
Usage: I have no desire to protract the process.

HECKLE (verb) : सवालों से बात काटना
Meaning: to interrupt a speaker with insulting or rude comments
अर्थ: अपमानजनक या असभ्य टिप्पणियों के साथ एक वक्ता को बाधित करने के लिए
Synonyms: bully, ridicule
Antonyms: please, praise
Usage: The crowd began to boo and heckle the comedian as he bombed his comedy set.

SCURRY (verb) : तेज चाल

Meaning: (of a person or small animal) move hurriedly with short quick steps.
अर्थ: छोटे क़दमों के साथ तेज़ चलना
Synonyms: scamper, scuttle, dash, rush.
Antonyms: amble, stroll, crawl, saunter.
Usage: We have come to see the tornado in all of its glory, not the ant-like humans that scurry about in its path.

INGRESS (Noun) : प्रवेश
Meaning: the action or fact of going in or entering; the capacity or right of the entrance.
अर्थ: अंदर जाने या प्रवेश करने की क्रिया या तथ्य; प्रवेश की क्षमता या अधिकार
Synonyms: entrance, access, admittance, approach
Antonyms: egress, exit
Usage: If you sit in front of the doorway, you are creating a safety hazard by blocking the path of ingress into the hospital.

INVASIVE (adjective) : आक्रमणशील
Meaning: tending to spread very quickly and undesirably or harmfully.
अर्थ: बहुत जल्दी और अवांछनीय या हानिकारक फैलाने की प्रवृत्ति
Synonyms: nosy, interfering
Usage: The samples tested in this series may not include a high proportion of health care staff involved in invasive procedures.

PROCLIVITY (Noun) : झुकाव
Meaning: a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition towards a particular thing.
अर्थ: नियमित रूप से कुछ चुनने या करने की प्रवृत्ति; किसी विशेष चीज के प्रति झुकाव या प्रवृति
Synonyms: liking, inclination, tendency, leaning
Antonyms: disinclination, dislike, antipathy, hate
Usage: His proclivity for cooking made him a big hit in the homeowner’s association.

HIATUS (Noun) : ख़ाली जगह
Meaning: a pause or break in continuity in a sequence or activity.
अर्थ: एक अनुक्रम या गतिविधि या निरंतरता में विराम
Synonyms: pause, break, interval, interruption, suspension
Antonyms: closure, juncture, misfortune
Usage: The professor will take his family on a long vacation during his hiatus.

ACUMEN (noun) : कुशाग्र बुद्धि
Meaning: the ability to make good judgments and take quick decisions.
अर्थ: अच्छे निर्णय लेने और त्वरित निर्णय लेने की क्षमता।
Synonyms: shrewdness, acuity, cleverness, smartness.
Antonyms: guilelessness, ingenuousness, artlessness, fatuity.
Usage: But generally I prefer policies that demonstrate a scintilla of common sense and financial acumen.

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