The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 13 August 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 13 August 2021

GNAW (Verb) : क्षय करना

  • Meaning: cause persistent distress or anxiety.
  • अर्थ: लगातार संकट या चिंता का कारण।
  • Synonyms: nag, torment, torture, trouble
  • Antonyms: assuage, soothe
  • Example: The dog started to gnaw on his leash.

PROMPT (adjective) : शीघ्र

  • Meaning: done, performed, delivered, etc., at once or without delay.
  • अर्थ: एक बार में या देरी के बिना किया गया, किया गया, वितरित किया गया, आदि।
  • Synonyms: urge, spur, instigate, impel.
  • Antonyms: delayed, late, later, slow, sluggish
  • Usage: There is cautious optimism that this prompt action may have helped avert a broader outbreak.

PATRONAGE (noun): संरक्षण

  • Meaning: a condescending manner or attitude in granting favors, in dealing with people.
  • अर्थ: लोगों के साथ व्यवहार में, एहसान देने में एक कृपालु तरीका या रवैया।
  • Synonyms: aegis, auspices, backing, encouragement, financing.
  • Antonyms: attack, blockage, disapproval, discouragement, harm.
  • Usage: There were hundreds of other things in the great city, but they had their share of patronage.

EVANGELIZE (noun) : धर्मोपदेश देना 

  • Meaning: to try to convert (a group or area) to a different religion (especially Christianity).
  • अर्थ: एक धर्म (विशेषकर ईसाई धर्म) के लिए (एक समूह या क्षेत्र) बदलने की कोशिश करना।
  • Synonym: lecture, platitudinize, preach, preachify, sermonize
  • Antonym: deconvert, dissuade, endure, hold, idle, keep
  • Usage: The missionaries set out to evangelize the world.

REPROBATE (noun) : बदमाश

  • Meaning: an unprincipled person.
  • अर्थ:  एक अप्रतिष्ठित व्यक्ति।
  • Synonyms: rogue, scoundrel, villain, wretch.
  • Antonyms: upright, virtuous, principled, righteous
  • Example: Although the old man pretended to be a reprobate in public, in private he did a lot of good deeds for the homeless.

ANGUISH (noun) : पीड़ा

  • Meaning: severe mental or physical pain or suffering.
  • अर्थ: गंभीर मानसिक या शारीरिक पीड़ा या पीड़ा।
  • Synonyms: agony, pain, torment, torture, suffering
  • Antonyms: happiness, contentment
  • Example: Nothing can take away the anguish of losing a child.

FRET (Verb) : झल्लाहट

  • Meaning: cause anxiety to.
  • अर्थ: चिंता का कारण।
  • Synonyms: trouble, bother, concern, perturb, disturb, disquiet,
  • Antonyms: comfort
  • Example:  Don’t let sorrow fret away your courage.

RECUPERATE (Verb) : स्वस्थ हो जाना

  • Meaning: recover from illness or exertion.
  • अर्थ: बीमारी या परिश्रम से उबरना।
  • Synonyms:  recover, convalesce,  improve, mend
  • Antonyms: deteriorate, hurt
  • Example: Other mammals and birds recuperate or grow to maturity in outdoor enclosures.

PRAGMATIC(Adjective) : व्यावहारिक

  • Meaning: practical, useful
  • अर्थ: व्यावहारिक, उपयोगी
  • Synonyms: realistic, hardheaded
  • Antonyms: impractical, unreasonable
  • Example: It’s not necessarily more pragmatic to study engineering than it is to study philosophy.

REFUTE(Verb) : खंडन

  • Meaning: to prove to be untrue, unfounded, or incorrect
  • अर्थ: असत्य, निराधार या गलत साबित होने के लिए
  • Synonyms: counter, expose
  • Antonyms: agree, aid
  • Example: The student refuted the professor’s claim in class.


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