The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 14 September 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 14 September 2021

Vexatious(adjective) अफ़सोसनाक (विशेषण)

Meaning: causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
अर्थ: झुंझलाहट, निराशा या चिंता का कारण या प्रवृत्ति।
Synonym: annoying, vexing,
Antonym: delightful, pleasing
Usage: It was a vexatious summons, and none of them turned up.

SOJOURN (noun) रास्ते का ठहराव (संज्ञा)
Meaning: a temporary stay at one place, esp. while traveling.
अर्थ: एक जगह पर एक अस्थायी निवास, विशेषतः यात्रा करते समय।
Synonyms: stay, tarry, visit, stopover.
Antonyms: journey, migration, departure, advance.
Usage: During Dean’s sojourn in Paris, he spent two weeks visiting all of the city’s cultural attractions.

XENOPHOBIC (adjective) जातिवाद करनेवाला (विशेषण)
Meaning: having or showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
अर्थ: दूसरे देशों के लोगों के प्रति अरुचि या पूर्वाग्रह का होना।
Synonyms: racist, racialist, ethnocentric, ethnocentrist.
Antonyms: bountiful, permissive, thoughtful, lenient.
Usage: As a result, the new parliament is distinctly more xenophobic and illiberal than its predecessor.

MURKY(Adjective) संदिग्ध (विशेषण)
Meaning: dark and dirty or difficult to see through
अर्थ: अंधेरे और गंदे या मुश्किल से देखना
Synonyms: cloudy, dark
Antonyms: bright, luminous
Usage: The river was brown and murky after the storm.

GAUNT(Adjective)भयंकर (विशेषण)
Meaning: extremely skinny, typically because of illness or starvation
अर्थ: अत्यंत पतली, आमतौर पर बीमारी या भुखमरी के कारण
Synonyms: grim, thin
Antonyms: fat, heavy
Example: After being held in a dark basement for three months, the prisoner was gaunt and weak.

THRALL(Noun): ग़ुलाम
Meaning: the state of being under the control of another person
अर्थ: किसी अन्य व्यक्ति के नियंत्रण में होने की स्थिति
Synonyms: servitude, slavery
Antonyms: mastery, dominance
Usage: After experiencing oppression at the thrall of Great Britain, the colonists decided to take action against the giant country in order to make decisions for themselves.

HIATUS (Noun) : ख़ाली जगह
Meaning: a pause or break in continuity in a sequence or activity.
अर्थ: एक अनुक्रम या गतिविधि में निरंतरता में विराम या विराम।
Synonyms: pause, break, interval, interruption, suspension
Antonyms: closure, juncture, misfortune
Usage: The professor will take his family on a long vacation during his hiatus.

HEAVE (Verb): ढोना
Meaning: lift or haul (something heavy) with great effort.
अर्थ: बड़े प्रयास से उठा या ढोना (कुछ भारी)।
Synonyms: haul, pull, lug, drag
Antonyms: push
Usage: After he tried to heave the heavyweight above his head for the third time, the weak lifter decided to give up.

CONCOMITANT (noun) : आनुषंगिक
Meaning: a phenomenon that naturally accompanies or follows something.
अर्थ: एक ऐसी घटना जो स्वाभाविक रूप से किसी चीज का साथ देती है या उसका अनुसरण करती है।
Synonyms: accompaniment, attendant, corollary, adjunct.
Antonyms: irrelevant, unaided, unattached, unrelated.
Usage: Puberty is the stage of life where adolescents begin to experience concomitant changes in their bodies, their emotions, and their view of their parents.

USURIOUS (adjective) : अति ब्याज
Meaning: rate of interest that is unfairly high.
अर्थ: ब्याज की दर जो गलत तरीके से उच्च है।
Synonyms: avaricious, acquisitive, rapacious, covetous.
Antonyms: affordable, moderate, generous, undulating.
Usage: Can you lend to the poor without charging usurious interest?

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