The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 15 December 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

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The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 15 December 2021

Jeopardize (verb) : ख़तरे में डालना

  • Meaning: put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure.
  • अर्थ: (किसी को या किसी को) ऐसी स्थिति में रखना जिसमें हानि, हानि या असफलता का खतरा हो।
  • Synonyms: imperil, threaten, chance, gamble
  • Antonyms: guard,protect, save, design
  • Example: By a word he could have done it, yet he feared lest that word must jeopardize his brother.

Ample (adjective): प्रचुर

  • Meaning: enough or more than enough; plentiful.
  • अर्थ: पर्याप्त या पर्याप्त से अधिक; भरपूर मात्रा में।
  • Synonyms: abundant, bountiful, broad, copious
  • Antonyms: cramped, insignificant, lacking, limited
  • Example: I’ve left ample stores of food and water for you.

TREASON: (noun) : राज-द्रोह

  • Meaning: the action of betraying someone or something.
  • अर्थ: किसी को या किसी को धोखा देने की क्रिया।
  • Synonyms: betrayal, disloyalty, falsity, treachery.
  • Antonyms: faithfulness, loyalty, staunchness, steadfastness.
  • Usage: Reading a friend’s diary without permission would have to be regarded as the ultimate act of personal treason.

SMUG (adjective) : आत्मसंतुष्ट

  • Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं की या किसी की उपलब्धियों में अत्यधिक अभिमान होना या दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: bighead, complacence, egotism, vainglory.
  • Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.
  • Usage: Because Rocky had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.

DAFT (adjective) : मंदबुद्धि

  • Meaning: silly; foolish.
  • अर्थ: मूर्खतापूर्ण; मूर्ख।
  • Synonyms: balmy, bedlam, demented, deranged
  • Antonyms: rational, reasonable, judicious, sensible.
  • Usage: We were shocked that Diana was so daft to believe John’s tale.

Brickbat: (noun) : रोड़ा

  • Meaning: an act or expression showing scorn and usually intended to hurt another’s feelings
  • अर्थ: एक कार्य या अभिव्यक्ति जो दिखाती है और आमतौर पर दूसरे की भावनाओं को आहत करने के लिए होती है
  • Synonyms: affront, barb, epithet, indignity.
  • Antonyms: accolade, commendation, compliment, acclaim.
  • Usage: The candidates were reduced to hurling brickbats at each other.

DOLE : अंशदान

  • Meaning: benefit paid by the state to the unemployed.
  • अर्थ: बेरोजगारों को राज्य द्वारा दिया गया लाभ।
  • Synonyms: benefit, allowance, charity, benefit
  • Antonyms: forfeit, loss
  • Example: Do any of these people have jobs or are they all freeloading on the public dole?

PAUCITY : न्यूनता

  • Meaning: the presence of something in only small or insufficient quantities or amounts.
  • अर्थ: केवल छोटी या अपर्याप्त मात्रा या मात्रा में किसी चीज की उपस्थिति।
  • Synonyms: scarcity, dearth, shortage, rarity
  • Antonyms: abundance
  • Example: Because of the paucity of our oil supply, we need to seek out other fuel resources.

PROBE : छानबीन

  • Meaning: a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.
  • अर्थ: अपराध या अन्य मामले की गहन जांच।
  • Synonyms: investigation, inquiry, examination, scrutiny
  • Example: An independent investigator will probe the allegations of racial bias in police hiring.

Mettle : दिलेरी

  • Meaning: a person’s ability to cope well with difficulties; spirit and resilience.
  • अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति की कठिनाइयों का सामना करने की क्षमता; आत्मा और लचीलापन।
  • Synonyms: fortitude, tenacity, spirit, valor
  • Antonyms: cowardice, timidity, weakness
  • Example: To prove his mettle and show that he was daring enough to join the club, Timmy had to spend an hour alone in the haunted house on the hill.
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