The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 19 October 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 19 October 2021

VANDALIZE(Verb) : उपद्रव मचाना

  • Meaning: to intentionally damage property belonging to other people
  • अर्थ: अन्य लोगों से संबंधित संपत्ति को जानबूझकर नुकसान पहुंचाना
  • Synonyms: demolish, damage
  • Antonyms: build, construct
  • Usage:  When I went back, my truck had been vandalized.

DIMINUTION (Noun) : कमी

  • Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
  • Synonyms: curtailment, contraction, constriction, restriction, limitation
  • Antonyms: increase, expansion, growth
  • Usage:  The diminution of food court monitors has resulted in an increase in food fights at the high school.

SLEAZY(Adjective) : निर्बल

  • Meaning: dirty, cheap, or not socially acceptable, especially relating to moral or sexual matters
  • अर्थ: गंदे, सस्ते, या सामाजिक रूप से स्वीकार्य नहीं, विशेष रूप से नैतिक या यौन मामलों से संबंधित
  • Synonyms: trashy, sordid
  • Antonyms: good, nice
  • Usage:  This part of town is full of sleazy bars and hotels.

PANOPLY (noun) : धूमधाम

  • Meaning: a splendid display.
  • अर्थ: एक शानदार प्रदर्शन।
  • Synonyms: show, pomp, array, exhibit.
  • Antonyms: concealment, cover, hiding, plainness.
  • Usage: The bowler’s exciting panoply of spin bowling won over the critics.

ATTRITION(Noun) : संघर्षण

  • Meaning: the process of reducing something’s strength or effectiveness through sustained attack or pressure.
  • अर्थ: निरंतर हमले या दबाव के माध्यम से किसी चीज की ताकत या प्रभावशीलता को कम करने की प्रक्रिया।
  • Synonyms: erosion, abrasion, attenuation
  • Antonyms: strengthening
  • Usage: As a result of teacher attrition, a lot of classrooms are overcrowded.

Interdict (Noun) : पाबंदी

  • Meaning: an authoritative prohibition, in particular
  • अर्थ: एक आधिकारिक निषेध, विशेष रूप से
  • Synonym: prohibition, ban, bar, veto, proscription,
  • Antonym: corroborate, support
  • Usage: Because I failed most of my classes last term, my parents will probably interdict me from working this semester.

Naught (noun) : शून्य

  • Meaning: the numerical symbol 0 or the absence of number or quantity represented by it
  • अर्थ: संख्यात्मक चिह्न 0 या उसके द्वारा प्रतिनिधित्व संख्या या मात्रा की अनुपस्थिति
  • Synonyms: aught, cipher, goose egg, nil, nothing, o, oh, zero, zilch, zip
  • Usage: The pleas for peace have been for naught as the war has been going on for over five years.  

EXACERBATE(Verb) : ख़राब करना

  • Meaning: To make worse or increase the severity of
  • अर्थ:  बदतर बनाने या गंभीरता बढ़ाने के लिए
  • Synonyms: Aggravate, Annoy
  • Antonyms: Calm, Soothe
  • Usage: The doctor told me not to run as it can exacerbate my knee injury.

DESOLATE(Adjective) : उजाड़

  • Meaning: A desolate place is empty and not attractive, with no people or nothing pleasant in it
  • अर्थ: एक उजाड़ जगह खाली है और आकर्षक नहीं है, जिसमें कोई भी व्यक्ति या कुछ भी सुखद नहीं है
  • Synonyms: Gloomy, dull
  • Antonyms: Cheerful, Happy
  • Usage: The house stood in a bleak and desolate landscape.

COGNIZANCE(Noun) : ध्यान में रखते

  • Meaning: To take notice of and consider something, especially when judging
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज़ पर ध्यान देना और विचार करना, विशेषकर न्याय करते समय
  • Synonyms: Awareness, Familiarity
  • Antonyms: Unfamiliar, Ignorance
  • Usage: The lawyer asked the jury to take cognizance of the defendant’s generosity in giving to charity.


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