The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 2 October 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 2 October 2021

OVERTURE (Noun) : सन्धि प्रस्ताव
Meaning: an approach or proposal made to someone with the aim of opening negotiations or establishing a relationship.
अर्थ: बातचीत खोलने या संबंध स्थापित करने के उद्देश्य से किसी के लिए किया गया एक दृष्टिकोण या प्रस्ताव।
Synonyms: approach, proposal, tender, suggestion
Example: He began making overtures to British merchant banks.

BAIT (Noun): प्रलोभन
Meaning: something intended to entice someone to do something.
अर्थ: कुछ करने के लिए किसी को लुभाने का इरादा।
Synonyms: enticement, lure, decoy, snare, trap
Antonyms: discouragement, repulsion
Example: People use maggots as bait when they go fishing.

DASTARDLY (Adjective) : दुष्ट और क्रूर
Meaning: wicked and cruel.
अर्थ: दुष्ट और क्रूर।
Synonyms: wicked, evil, iniquitous, heinous, villainous
Antonyms: noble, praiseworthy
Example: I think, however, that the killing of Bin Laden will motivate extremists to carry out a variety of dastardly deeds.

CONFOUND (Verb): उलझाना
Meaning: cause surprise or confusion in (someone), especially by not according with their expectations.
अर्थ: (किसी) में आश्चर्य या भ्रम पैदा करना, विशेषकर उनकी अपेक्षाओं के अनुसार नहीं।
Synonyms: amaze, astonish, dumbfound, stagger
Antonyms: Clarify, enlighten
Example: The purpose of the article is not to confound the readers but to inform them.

STODGY (adjective) : घिसा पिटा
Meaning: Dull and uninspired; lacking originality or excitement
अर्थ: सुस्त और उदासीन; मौलिकता या उत्तेजना की कमी
Synonyms: uninteresting, dreary, uninspired, monotonous.
Antonyms: exciting, creative, breathtaking, enthralling.
Usage: Most of my students used informal, asymmetrical balance, as the formal balance can seem stodgy and dull.

Adscititious(Adjective) : अनावश्यक
Meaning: Added or derived from something outside; not inherent.
अर्थ: बाहर की किसी चीज़ से जोड़ा या निकाला हुआ; निहित नहीं है।
Synonym: inessential
Antonym: essential, primary
Usage: We should choose our books as we would our companions, for their sterling and intrinsic merit, not for their adscititious or accidental advantages.

Brackish(Adjective) : नमकीन
Meaning: Slightly salty; not appealing to the taste
अर्थ: थोड़ा नमकीन; स्वाद के लिए अपील नहीं
Synonym: saline, salt
Antonym: Fresh
Usage: The brackish breeze of his seaside town became gusts that shot down 6th avenue and lifted the tails of his coat.

Empyrean(Adjective) : स्वर्ग
Meaning: Related to heaven or sky
अर्थ: स्वर्ग या आकाश से संबंधित
Synonym: Ether, Paradise
Antonym: hellish, infernal
Usage: Electronics and haunting effects bring an empyrean stillness to the album’s middle third.

SKIRMISH (noun) : झड़प
Meaning: a brief clash between enemies or rivals.
अर्थ: दुश्मनों या प्रतिद्वंद्वियों के बीच एक संक्षिप्त टकराव।
Synonyms: conflict, quarrel, fray, hassle.
Antonyms: concord, agreement, harmony, truce.
Example: Right before the game’s results were announced, the fans got into a skirmish over whose team was the greatest.

RETREAT(Verb) : पीछे हटना
Meaning: To go away from a place or person in order to escape.
अर्थ: बचने के लिए किसी स्थान या व्यक्ति से दूर जाना।
Synonyms: yield, surrender
Antonyms: invade, access
Example: Firefighters had to retreat from the fierce heat.

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