The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 2 September 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 2 September 2021

FLEDGLING(Noun) : अनुभवहीन मनुष्य

  • Meaning: a person or organization that is immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped.
  • अर्थ: एक व्यक्ति या संगठन जो अपरिपक्व, अनुभवहीन या अविकसित है।
  • Synonyms: emerging, dawning, beginning; developing
  • Antonyms: declining, mature
  • Usage: One of these was a fledgling author by the name of Ayn Rand.

SPURN (Verb): तिरस्कार

  • Meaning: reject with disdain or contempt.
  • अर्थ: तिरस्कार या अवमानना के साथ अस्वीकार।
  • Synonyms: refuse, decline, reject, rebuff
  • Antonyms: accept, admire, approve, allow
  • Usage: Even after you spurn this so-called charity’s request for donations, they continue to hound you every week.

RECALCITRANT(Adjective) : अड़ियल

  • Meaning: having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.
  • अर्थ: अधिकार या अनुशासन के प्रति उदासीन रवैया रखना।
  • Synonyms:  intractable, unmanageable, ungovernable, refractory
  • Antonyms: amenable, docile, compliant
  • Usage: But even the most recalcitrant could embrace one of the chesterfields or comfy cardigans.

INDELIBLE(Adjective) : अमिट

  • Meaning: not able to be forgotten.
  • अर्थ: भुलाया नहीं जा सकता।
  • Synonyms: indestructible, permanent, lasting, persisting
  • Antonyms: delible, destructible, erasable, impermanent
  • Usage: Getting out didn’t make such an indelible impression as going in.

DEROGATORY(Adjective) : अपमानजनक

  • Meaning: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.
  • अर्थ: आलोचनात्मक या अपमानजनक रवैया दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: disparaging, slighting, pejorative, belittling
  • Antonyms: complimentary, appreciative, favorable, flattering
  • Usage: He made some derogatory comment/remark about her appearance.

INTERNMENT (noun) : नजरबंदी

  • Meaning: the state of being confined as a prisoner, especially for political or military reasons.
  • अर्थ: एक कैदी के रूप में सीमित होने की स्थिति, विशेष रूप से राजनीतिक या सैन्य कारणों से।
  • Synonyms: restraint, restriction, entrapment, detention.
  • Antonyms: emancipation, liberation, redemption, release.
  • Usage: Everyone had to produce an identity card, including those actually in the internment camps.

PUMMEL(Verb) : प्रहार

  • Meaning: to defeat someone easily at a sport
  • अर्थ: खेल में किसी को आसानी से हराना
  • Synonyms: bash, batter
  • Antonyms: compliment, fail
  • Usage: The boxer had pummeled his opponent into submission by the end of the fourth round.

SUBJUGATE(verb) : अधीन करना

  • Meaning: to treat yourself, your wishes, or your beliefs as being less important than other people or their wishes or beliefs
  • अर्थ: अपने आप को, अपनी इच्छाओं को, या अपनी मान्यताओं को अन्य लोगों या उनकी इच्छाओं या विश्वासों से कम महत्वपूर्ण मानना
  • Synonyms: conquer, enslave
  • Antonyms: lose, release
  • Usage: Reporters must subjugate personal political convictions to their professional commitment to balance.

SWATHE (noun) : लपेटना

  • Meaning: a large part of something that includes several different things.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज़ का एक बड़ा हिस्सा जिसमें कई अलग-अलग चीज़ें शामिल होती हैं।
  • Synonyms: envelope, stretch, area, track.
  • Antonyms: brink, border, boundary, margin.
  • Usage: These people represent a broad swathe of public opinion.

Contrition(Noun) : पछतावा

  • Meaning:- the state of feeling sorry for bad behaviour: the state of repentance.
  • अर्थ:  बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
  • Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
  • Antonyms:-impenitence, remorselessness
  • Usage: The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.

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