The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 20 October 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 20 October 2021

DERISIVE(adjective): व्यंग्यात्मक

  • Meaning: mocking and ridiculing
  • अर्थ: उपहास करना और उपहास करना
  • Synonyms: cheeky, scornful
  • Antonyms: polite, respectful
  • Usage: The bully let out a derisive laugh when mocking his classmate’s nerdy glasses.

GUSSY(verb): सुन्दरता 

  • Meaning: to make someone or something look more attractive or impressive
  • अर्थ: किसी को या किसी चीज़ को अधिक आकर्षक या प्रभावशाली दिखाना
  • Synonyms: adorn, beautify
  • Antonyms: deface, spoil
  • Usage: The museum will put finishing touches on new exhibits and gussy up old ones in time for the grand reopening.

COGNIZANCE(noun) : संज्ञान

  • Meaning: To take notice of and consider something, especially when judging
  • अर्थ: किसी बात पर ध्यान देना और उस पर विचार करना, खासकर जब निर्णय लेना
  • Synonyms: Awareness, Familiarity
  • Antonyms: Unfamiliar, Ignorance
  • Usage: The lawyer asked the jury to take cognizance of the defendant’s generosity in giving to charity.

Circumvent (Verb) : दरकिनार

  • Meaning: Find a way to overcome/ignore a problem or obstacle.
  • अर्थ: किसी समस्या या बाधा को दूर करने / अनदेखा करने का एक तरीका खोजें।
  • Synonyms: Evade, Deceive, Beat, Prevent, Escape.
  • Antonyms: Face, Assist, Liberate, Encounter, Confront
  • Usage: Some of the situations in life are better to be circumvent.

VALEDICTORY (Noun) : विदाई

  • Meaning: a farewell address.
  • अर्थ: एक विदाई का पता।
  • Synonym: farewell, goodbye, leaving, parting, departing, going away, last, final
  • Usage: On the last day of school, seniors wrote a valedictory stating what they would miss about high school and read it in front of the class for their final grade.

Rogue (Adjective) : दुष्ट

  • Meaning: Something that is out of ordinary, or against the rules.
  • अर्थ: ऐसा कुछ जो सामान्य से बाहर हो, या नियमों के विरुद्ध हो।
  • Synonyms: Dishonest, Double-dealing, Doublicious, Fradulent.
  • Antonyms: Decent, Honest, Ethical, Just, Straight-forward.
  • Usage: The density of rogue people are increasing day by day which is making the system more corrupt.

Rebuffed (Verb) : अस्वीकार कर दिया

  • Meaning: Reject or refuse something or someone in an abrupt or ungracious manner.
  • अर्थ: किसी या किसी को अचानक या अनुचित तरीके से अस्वीकार या अस्वीकार करना।
  • Synonyms: Turn down, Decline, Dismiss, Repel, Spurn.
  • Antonyms: Accept, Welcome, Approve, Permit, Assist.
  • Usage: The company rebuffed the proposals of all clients.

Blitzkrieg(Noun) : बमवर्षा

  • Meaning:– a sudden and overwhelming military attack, A fast and powerful effort
  • अर्थ:  एक अचानक और भारी सैन्य हमला, एक तेज और शक्तिशाली प्रयास
  • Synonyms: Blitz, barrage, bombardment, cannonade, drumfire, flurry, fusillade
  • Antonyms: defensive, opposition, resistance, protection, security, shelter.
  • Usage:  Balakot camps was bombarded with a blitzkrieg by the IAF which ripe out the terror camps.

Lambaste (Verb) : आलोचना करना

  • Meaning: to criticize (someone) severely or angrily especially for personal failings.
  • अर्थ: विशेष रूप से व्यक्तिगत विफलताओं के लिए (किसी को) गंभीर या गुस्से में आलोचना करना।
  • Synonyms: criticize, castigate, chastise, censure, condemn.
  • Antonym: acclaim, commend, compliment, hail, laud, praise
  • Usage:  Saurabh boss lambasted him mercilessly in front of his subordinates.

Preponderance (NOUN) : प्रधानता

  • Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
  • अर्थ: संख्या, मात्रा, या महत्व में अधिक होने का गुण या तथ्य।
  • Synonym: prevalence, predominance, dominance
  • Antonym: couple, few, handful, smattering, sprinkling
  • Usage:  the preponderance of medical tests identifies your medical condition as terminal cancer.

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