The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 23 May 2022 (Improve Your Vocabulary


The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 23 May 2022

EXORBITANT(Adjective) : अत्यधिक

  • Meaning: (of prices and demands) much too large
  • अर्थ:  (कीमतों और माँगों में) बहुत बड़ा
  • Synonyms: enormous, outrageous
  • Antonyms: cheap, good
  • Example: The interest charged on most credit cards is exorbitant.

CONTRAVENTION (noun) : उल्लंघन

  • Meaning: An action which offends against a law, treaty, or other ruling.
  • अर्थ: एक कार्रवाई जो एक कानून, संधि या अन्य शासन के खिलाफ होती है।
  • Synonyms: breach, violation, infringement, transgression.
  • Antonyms: compliance, conformity, obedience, adoption.
  • Example: These powers must be exercised on consideration of the likelihood of damage or distress caused by the contravention of the Act.

EXIGENT (Adjective) : जरूरी, अत्यावश्यक 

  • Meaning: pressing; demanding.
  • अर्थ : अत्यावश्यक, माँग करना
  • Synonyms: urgent, crucial
  • Antonyms: unpressured, facile
  • Example: I try not to be exigent with my students, but as a teacher I have to press them to get their work done.

AGHAST(Adjective): आश्चर्यान्वित, हक्काबक्का

  • Meaning: suddenly filled with strong feelings of shock and worry
  • अर्थ : अचानक सदमे और चिंता की मजबूत भावनाओं से भरा
  • Synonyms: anxious, dismayed
  • Antonyms: unsurprised, calm
  • Example: Workers and union officials were aghast at the layoffs.

GRANULAR (adjective) : बारीक

  • Meaning: Resembling or consisting of small grains or particles.
  • अर्थ: छोटे अनाज या कणों से मिलकर बनता है।
  • Synonyms: powdery, grainy, gritty, sandy.
  • Antonyms: soft, fine, smooth, glossy.
  • Example: In the dry state, granular soil particles can be easily separated and identified.

REDACT (verb) : संपादित करना 

  • Meaning: edit (text) for publication.
  • अर्थ : प्रकाशन के लिए संपादन (पाठ)।
  • Synonyms: correct, rectify, repair, fix.
  • Antonyms: befoul, deteriorate, diminish, hinder.
  • Example: Some of the conclusions in the report have been redacted.

HONE (Verb) : पैना करना, प्रखर करना 

  • Meaning: to make sharp or sharper
  • अर्थ : तीव्र या तेज करना
  • Synonyms: edge, grind, sharpen, stone
  • Antonyms: blunt, dull
  • Example: honed the knifeʼs blade to razor-like sharpness

VOLITANT (Noun) : उड़ने वाला

  • Meaning: flying or moving about rapidly
  • अर्थ: तेजी से उड़ना या बढ़ना
  • Synonyms: floating, soaring
  • Antonyms: slow, grounded
  • Example: Volitant birds have taken over the beach and quickly fly about the area looking for food.

EULOGIZE(Verb):स्तुति करना

  • Meaning: to praise someone or something in a speech or piece of writing
  • अर्थ : भाषण या लेखन के किसी अंश में किसी की प्रशंसा करना
  • Synonyms: applaud, commend
  • Antonyms: blame, criticize
  • Example: Critics everywhere have eulogized her new novel.

THRALL(Noun) : ग़ुलाम

  • Meaning: the state of being under the control of another person
  • अर्थ: किसी अन्य व्यक्ति के नियंत्रण में होने की स्थिति
  • Synonyms: servitude, slavery
  • Antonyms: mastery, dominance
  • Example: After experiencing oppression at the thrall of Great Britain, the colonists decided to take action against the giant country in order to make decisions for themselves.

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