The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 27 September 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 27 September 2021

STAID (ADJECTIVE): शांत

  • Meaning: marked by settled sedateness and often prim self-restraint
  • अर्थ: सुलझी हुई उदासीनता और अक्सर आत्म संयम द्वारा चिह्नित
  • Synonyms: dignified,composed,earnest, grave, humorless, no-nonsense
  • Antonyms: indecorous, frivolous, hilarious
  • Sentence: She was given a staid title-‘The Iron Lady’.

Diminution (NOUN) : अवनति

  • Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
  • Synonyms: curtailment, curtailing, cutting back, cut back, cut, attenuation, reduction, lessening,
  • Antonym: accretion, accrual, accumulation, addition, supplement
  • Sentence: Led by P.V. Narasimha Rao, it steered the country away from a diminution of its political stature that was assured were it to renege on them.

Preponderance (NOUN) : प्रधानता

  • Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
  • अर्थ: संख्या, मात्रा, या महत्व में अधिक होने का गुण या तथ्य।
  • Synonym: prevalence, predominance, dominance
  • Antonym: couple, few, handful, smattering, sprinkling
  • Sentence: the preponderance of medical tests identifies your medical condition as terminal cancer.

TRANQUILITY(Noun) : शांति

  • Meaning: a peaceful, calm state, without noise, violence, worry, etc.
  • अर्थ: बिना शोर, हिंसा, चिंता आदि के एक शांत, शांत राज्य।
  • Synonyms: calmness, coolness
  • Antonyms: chaos, loudness
  • Example: Not surprisingly, the desire for tranquility among local inhabitants is almost palpable.

TRANSIENT(Adjective) : क्षणिक

  • Meaning: lasting for only a short time; temporary
  • अर्थ: केवल थोड़े समय के लिए स्थायी; अस्थायी
  • Synonyms: temporary, short- lived
  • Antonyms: permanent, forever
  • Example: The weakness was transient, and soon I was feeling strong again.

IMPEDE(Verb) : बाधा डालना

  • Meaning: to make it more difficult for something to happen or more difficult for someone to do something
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के होने के लिए या किसी और के लिए कुछ करना अधिक कठिन बनाना
  • Synonyms: block, curb
  • Antonyms: advance, aid
  • Example: Shortages of medicine were impeding the effort to control diseases.

REPROBATE (noun) : बदमाश

  • Meaning: an unprincipled person.
  • अर्थ:  एक अप्रतिष्ठित व्यक्ति।
  • Synonyms: rogue, scoundrel, villain, wretch.
  • Antonyms: upright, virtuous, principled, righteous
  • Example: Although the old man pretended to be a reprobate in public, in private he did a lot of good deeds for the homeless.

COUNTERACT(Verb) : प्रतिक्रिया

  • Meaning: to work in opposition to
  • अर्थ: विरोध में काम करना
  • Synonyms: halt, negate
  • Antonyms: allow, aid
  • Example: This ingredient seems to counteract the other ones.

CARNAGE(Noun) : नरसंहार
Meaning: That which is left after an extremely violent event such as a massacreअर्थ: वह जो नरसंहार जैसे अत्यंत हिंसक घटना के बाद बचा है

Synonyms: crime, bloodshedAntonyms: peace, non- violenceUsage: We banned our child from playing his favorite video game because of the violence and carnage it contained.
PROTAGONISTS(noun) : मुख्य पात्र
Meaning: the leading character or one of the major characters in a play, film, novel, etc.अर्थ: किसी नाटक, फिल्म, उपन्यास आदि में प्रमुख चरित्र या प्रमुख पात्रों में से एक।Synonym: supporter, upholderAntonym: opponent

Example: For the next nine years he was the protagonist of Reform.

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