The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 29 July 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 29 July 2021

STULTIFY (verb) वृथा करना

  • Meaning: cause to lose enthusiasm and initiative, especially as a result of a tedious or restrictive routine.
  • अर्थ: विशेष रूप से थकाऊ या प्रतिबंधात्मक दिनचर्या के परिणामस्वरूप उत्साह और पहल को खोने का कारण।
  • Synonyms: hamper, impede, obstruct, thwart, suppress, smother, repress, counteract, trammel, restrain.
  • Antonyms: consolidate, augment, glorify, exacerbate, exalt, stir, elevate, accentuate, strengthen.
  • Usage: By referencing actual statistics, he was able to stultify his opponent’s argument.

NIHILISM (noun) शून्यवाद

  • Meaning: the rejection of all religious and moral principles, in the belief that life is meaningless.
  • अर्थ: सभी धार्मिक और नैतिक सिद्धांतों की अस्वीकृति, इस विश्वास में कि जीवन निरर्थक है।
  • Synonyms: cynicism, rejection, repudiation, abnegation, disbelief, skepticism.
  • Antonyms: belief, faith, approval, discipline, ratification.
  • Usage: The rebels urged the people to grab hold of nihilism and remove all government officials from office.

BADINAGE (noun) परिहास

  • Meaning: humorous or witty conversation.
  • अर्थ: हास्य या मजाकिया वार्तालाप।
  • Synonyms: banter, chaff, jesting, repartee, barb, gambit.
  • Antonyms: bullying, criticism, argument, fight.
  • Usage: The president was in a good mood as he walked through the crowd and made several voters laugh with his witty badinage.

MELLOW (adjective) मधुर

  • Meaning: (especially of a sound, flavour, or color) pleasantly smooth or soft; free from harshness.
  • अर्थ: (विशेषकर ध्वनि, स्वाद, या रंग) सुखद रूप से चिकना या नरम; कठोरता से मुक्त।
  • Synonyms: dulcet, euphonious, melodious, mellifluous, mellifluent.
  • Antonyms: rugged, abrading, gruff, abrasive, harsh.
  • Usage: His mellow voice and his qualitative speech made everyone applaud him.

EXCORIATE (verb) आलोचना करना

  • Meaning: to criticize harshly and usually publicly.
  • अर्थ: कठोर और आमतौर पर सार्वजनिक रूप से आलोचना करना।
  • Synonyms: assail, castigate, lambaste, vituperate, imprecate.
  • Antonyms: acclaim, laud, praise, glorify, admire, exalt.
  • Usage: The stern judge will excoriate the behavior of the repeat offender by sentencing him to thirty years in prison.

DEBASEMENT(verb) : नीचा दिखाना  

  • Meaning: the action of reducing the quality or value of something
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज की गुणवत्ता या मूल्य को कम करने की क्रिया
  • Synonyms: abase, corrupt
  • Antonyms: uplift, ennoble
  • Example: Currency debasement means that the more dollars there are in circulation, the less each dollar is worth.

ENSCONCE (Verb) : स्थापित करना

  • Meaning: establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place.
  • अर्थ: किसी आरामदायक, सुरक्षित जगह पर (किसी को) स्थापित या बसाना।
  • Synonyms: settle, install, establish, entrench
  • Antonyms: depart, displace
  • Example: Clara is comfortably ensconced in a beach chair and has no immediate plans to return to work.

REPRISAL(Noun) :प्रतिहिंसा

  • Meaning: an act of retaliation.
  • अर्थ: प्रतिशोध का एक कार्य।
  • Synonym: retaliation, counterattack
  • Antonym: pardon, remission
  • Usage: He felt secure enough in his information that he announced his opinion on the matter without fear of reprisal.

INCAPACITATED (adjective) : अक्षम

  • Meaning: deprived of strength or power; debilitated.
  • अर्थ: शक्ति या शक्ति से वंचित; दुर्बल।
  • Synonyms: crippled, decrepit, enfeebled, frail.
  • Antonyms: powerful, strong, sturdy, stout.
  • Usage: In states such as Ohio, West Virginia and Kentucky, “countless children are growing up with parents in jail, incapacitated or underground”.

CULMINATION (noun) : परिणति 

  • Meaning: the highest or climactic point of something, especially as attained after a long time.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज का उच्चतम या चरम बिंदु, विशेष रूप से लंबे समय के बाद प्राप्त किया जाता है।
  • Synonym: climax, pinnacle, peak.
  • Antonym: nadir, base, bottom.
  • Usage: Their arrest was the culmination of an operation in which 120 other people were detained.

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