The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 29 September 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 29 September 2021

SULK (Noun): उदास होना
Meaning: a state of resentful silence or irritability
अर्थ: आक्रोशपूर्ण चुप्पी या चिड़चिड़ापन की स्थिति
Synonyms: grouch, hump
Antonyms: cheerfulness, gaiety
Example: A child sitting in a sulk over a minor disagreement.

INVIGORATE (Verb) : बलवर्धन करना
Meaning: give strength or energy to.
अर्थ: शक्ति या ऊर्जा देना।
Synonyms: revitalize, energize, refresh, revive, vivify
Antonyms: discourage, dissuade
Example: As soon as the water hits the roots of the dehydrated plant, it will invigorate it.

MALADY (Noun): अधमता
Meaning: a disease or ailment.
अर्थ: एक बीमारी।
Synonyms: affliction, disorder, illness, disability
Antonyms: comfort, health
Example: in the olden day’s people were always suffering from some unknown malady.

DRUB (Verb) : पीटना
Meaning: hit or beat (someone) repeatedly.
अर्थ: बार-बार मारना या पीटना (किसी को)।
Synonyms: thrash, trounce, spank, beat
Antonyms: aid
Example: Continuing to drub the victim with his fist, the attacker didn’t stop until the police showed up.

MORIBUND (Adjective): मृतप्राय
Meaning: (of a person) at the point of death.
अर्थ: (किसी व्यक्ति का) मृत्यु के बिंदु पर।
Synonyms: dying
Antonyms: thriving
Example: As the moribund man held his Bible and took his last breath, a bright light appeared in the corner of the room.

UNFLINCHING (Adjective) : बेहिचक
Meaning: showing no signs of slackening or yielding in one’s purpose
अर्थ: किसी के उद्देश्य में ढील का कोई संकेत नहीं दिखना
Synonym: determined, dogged, grim, implacable, relentless, unappeasable
Antonym: slackening, softening, yielding
Usage: He was unflinching in his determination to see that justice was done.

FERVOUR (Noun): जोश
Meaning: great warmth and earnestness of feeling
अर्थ: भावना की बड़ी गर्मजोशी और ईमानदारी
Synonym: ardor, passion, zeal.
Antonym: impassiveness, impassivity, insensibility, insensibleness
Usage: Surprised by the fervor that her parents’ old love letters contained when she discovered them in the attic.

DEROGATORY(Adjective): अपमानजनक
Meaning: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.
अर्थ: आलोचनात्मक या अपमानजनक रवैया दिखाना।
Synonyms: disparaging, slighting, pejorative, belittling
Antonyms: complimentary, appreciative, favorable, flattering
Usage: He made some derogatory comment/remarks about her appearance.

INFIRM(Adjective) : कमजोर
Meaning: ill or needing care, especially for long periods and often because of old age
अर्थ: बीमार या देखभाल की आवश्यकता, विशेष रूप से लंबे समय तक और अक्सर बुढ़ापे के कारण
Synonyms: ailing, ill
Antonyms: healthy, strong
Usage: She was too elderly and infirm to remain at home.

RENDER(Verb) : कारण
Meaning: to cause someone or something to be in a particular state
अर्थ: किसी विशेष अवस्था में किसी के या किसी के होने का कारण
Synonyms: deliver, cause
Antonyms: hold, keep
Usage: Billions have been spent, but not one gallon of the estimated 54m gallons of waste has been rendered harmless.

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