The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 3 December 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

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The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 3 December 2021

Skulk(Verb) : छिपना

  • Meaning: Move in stealthy or furtive manner
  • अर्थ: चोरी या फ़र्ज़ी तरीके से आगे बढ़ना
  • Synonym: Avoid, elude
  • Antonym: Appear, Issue
  • Usage: At the gate she skulked, she felt like a thief.

Suffuse(Verb) :  फैली हुई

  • Meaning: Spread over or through something
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज पर या उसके माध्यम से फैलना
  • Synonym: Steep and spread
  • Antonym: Deprive
  • Usage: Sweet and spicy flavors, including date, coriander and cumin suffuse the foods

Pell-Mell(Adverb) : तितर-बितर

  • Meaning: In a confused, disorderly, or rushed manner.
  • अर्थ: उलझन में, उच्छृंखल, या हड़बड़ी में।
  • Synonym: Hurries
  • Antonym: Slow, Organized
  • Usage: Mary ran down the stairs, chasing the rat with a marbel pell-mell

Misprision(Noun) : अवमानना

  • Meaning: Neglect or wrong performance of official duty.
  • अर्थ: आधिकारिक कर्तव्य की उपेक्षा या गलत प्रदर्शन।
  • Synonym: Contempt and despite
  • Antonym: Acceptance, tolerance
  • Usage: The punishment to the culprit was given out of misprision.

GRIPE (verb) : कष्ट

  • Meaning: to express dissatisfaction, pain, or resentment usually tiresomely.
  • अर्थ: असंतोष, दर्द या आक्रोश व्यक्त करने के लिए आमतौर पर थकाऊ होते हैं।
  • Synonyms: bellyache, bleat, carp, complain, crab, croak, fuss, grouch, grouse, growl, grumble, grump, nag, scream, squawk, squeal, whimper, whine.
  • Antonyms: bear, countenance, endure, tolerate, applaud, cheer, commend, delight, rejoice.
  • Usage: Her tendency to gripe constantly drove everyone away.

ENNUI (Noun) : विरक्ति

  • Meaning: a feeling of listlessness and dissatisfaction arising from a lack of occupation or excitement.
  • अर्थ:  उत्तेजना की कमी से उत्पन्न होने वाली अशांति और असंतोष की भावना।
  • Synonym: boredom, tedium, listlessness.
  • Antonym: animation, contentment.
  • Example: Listening to your dull story about becoming a librarian is leaving me in a state of ennui.

FLEECE (Verb) : धन हथियाना

  • Meaning: obtain a great deal of money from (someone), typically by overcharging or swindling them.
  • अर्थ: आम तौर पर ओवरचार्जिंग या उन्हें ठग कर (किसी से) बहुत अधिक धन प्राप्त करते हैं।
  • Synonyms: swindle, cheat, defraud, deceive, trick,
  • Antonyms: give, offer
  • Example: Joining arms, they set out to fleece their latest victims.

VERNACULAR (Noun) : मातृभाषा

  • Meaning: the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people of a country or region.
  • अर्थ: किसी देश या क्षेत्र के सामान्य लोगों द्वारा बोली जाने वाली भाषा या बोली।
  • Synonym: everyday language, spoken language, colloquial speech, slang
  • Usage: To hold the interest of the community, the playwright penned his play using only the local vernacular.

VITIATE(Verb) : भ्रष्ट करना

  • Meaning: spoil or impair the quality or efficiency of.
  • अर्थ: गुणवत्ता या दक्षता को खराब करना।
  • Synonym: poison, spoil, stain, tarnish, touch, taint
  • Antonym: Clean, honor, purify
  • Usage: When peers and bullies apply pressure, it can vitiate the moral character of young people and lead them down the wrong path.

CHRONIC (Adjective) : नियमित

  • Meaning: continuing or occurring again and again for a long time,  happening or existing frequently or most of the time, always or often doing something specified
  • अर्थ: लंबे समय तक बार-बार जारी रहना या घटित होना, लगातार या अधिकतर समय, हमेशा या अक्सर कुछ किया जाना
  • Synonym: natural; persistent, regular,
  • Antonym: unaccustomed, unused; intermittent, occasional
  • Usage: He suffers from chronic arthritis.

RATIONAL(Adjective) : युक्तिसंगत

  • Meaning: based on clear thought and reason
  • अर्थ: स्पष्ट विचार और कारण पर आधारित
  • Synonyms: intelligent, judicious
  • Antonyms: careless, foolish
  • Usage: Bayesian analysis provides a rational basis for the qualitative form of set-theoretic models of similarity.
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