The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 31 July 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 31 July 2021

Protege (Noun): आश्रित
Meaning: A person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person.
अर्थ: एक व्यक्ति जो एक बड़े और अधिक अनुभवी या प्रभावशाली व्यक्ति द्वारा निर्देशित और समर्थित है।
Synonyms: Pupil, student, trainee.
Antonyms: Guardian, adult
Example: Ram submitted his protege name to the elections.

Disorientation(Noun) : भटकाव
Meaning: the condition of having lost one’s sense of direction.
अर्थ: किसी की दिशा खो जाने की स्थिति
Synonym: addle, baffle
Antonym: reassure, satisfy
Sentence: A vague feeling of disorientation or strangeness relative to the immediate environment.

Pernicious(Adjective): हानिकारक
Meaning: Exceedingly Harmful
अर्थ: अत्यधिक हानिकारक
Synonym: harmful, destructive
Antonym: beneficial, favorable
Usage: Evidence exists that hidden and pernicious obstacles have increased.

DURESS (noun): अवरोध
Meaning: threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something against their will or better judgment.
अर्थ: धमकी, हिंसा, अड़चन या अन्य कार्रवाई किसी को उनकी इच्छा या बेहतर निर्णय के खिलाफ कुछ करने में मजबूर करती है।
Synonyms: coercion, compulsion, pressurization, enforcement.
Antonyms: agreement, approval, consent, persuasion.
Usage: I think Harry was under duress when she signed the agreement; he never would have voluntarily accepted those conditions.

AIL (verb) : बीमार करना
Meaning: trouble or afflict (someone) in mind or body.
अर्थ: मन या शरीर में कष्ट या कष्ट (किसी को)।
Synonyms: trouble, bother, burden, distress.
Antonyms: heartiness, robustness, soundness, wholeness.
Usage: All patients can do is trust that the strangers on their health care team are competent and caring enough to do their best to help correct whatever ails the patient.

REPRISAL(Noun) : प्रतिहिंसा
Meaning: an act of retaliation.
अर्थ: प्रतिशोध का एक कार्य।
Synonym: retaliation, counterattack
Antonym: pardon, remission
Usage: He felt secure enough in his information that he announced his opinion on the matter without fear of reprisal.

CLOYING: खुशामदी

Meaning: disgust or sicken (someone) with an excess of sweetness, richness, or sentiment.
अर्थ: घृणा या शिथिलता (किसी) में अधिकता, मधुरता, या भावुकता।
Synonyms:over the top, honeying
Antonyms: mild, good
Example: Jill is no longer impressed by cloying lines of devotion after having her heart broken countless times.

MANIFESTATION : अभिव्यक्ति

Meaning: the action or fact of showing something
अर्थ: कुछ दिखाने की क्रिया या तथ्य
Synonyms: demonstration, reveal
Antonyms: hide, conceal
Example: To colonists, idiocy was a pitiable and vulnerable condition, one more manifestation of God’s diverse creations.

PROSPECTIVE : प्रत्याशित
Meaning: expected or expecting to be the specified thing in the future
अर्थ: भविष्य में निर्दिष्ट वस्तु होने की अपेक्षा या अपेक्षा करना
Synonyms: potential, possible
Antonyms: impossible
Example: Prospective measures must be taken to make sure that future investments do not fail like the current ones.

DISPOSITION : मनोवृत्ति
Meaning: a person’s inherent qualities of mind and character.
अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति के मन और चरित्र के निहित गुण।
Synonyms: nature, temperament
Antonyms: disinclination
Example: With her inquisitive disposition, Sarah is an ideal candidate for the detective’s position.

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