The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 4 April 2022 (Improve Your Vocabulary

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The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 4 April 2022

Polarize(Verb) : फूट डालना

Meaning: restrict the vibrations of (a transverse wave, especially light) wholly or partially to one direction.
अर्थ: (एक अनुप्रस्थ लहर, विशेष रूप से प्रकाश) के कंपन को पूरी तरह से या आंशिक रूप से एक दिशा में सीमित करें।
Synonym: concentrate, consolidate,
Antonym: decentralize, deconcentrate,
Usage: The issue has polarized the center community

Cynicism(Noun) : कुटिलता
Meaning:
an inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest; skepticism.
अर्थ: यह विश्वास करने के लिए एक झुकाव कि लोग शुद्ध रूप से आत्म-रुचि से प्रेरित हैं; संदेह।
Synonym: skepticism, doubt
Antonym: optimism
Usage: In a world full of Cynicism she was the one person I felt I could trust.

Hegemony(Noun) : आधिपत्य
Meaning: leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.
अर्थ: नेतृत्व या प्रभुत्व, विशेष रूप से एक राज्य या सामाजिक समूह द्वारा दूसरों पर।
Synonym: leadership, dominance
Antonym: self-government
Usage: To say they have priority is not to say they have complete hegemony.

Conspire(verb) : षड्यंत्र
Meaning: make secret plans jointly to commit an unlawful or harmful act.
अर्थ: एक गैरकानूनी या हानिकारक कार्य करने के लिए संयुक्त रूप से गुप्त योजना बनाते हैं।
Synonym: collude, connive,
Antonym: Neglect, disagree
Usage: The Culprit conspired to overthrow the government

Throng(Noun) : भीड़
Meaning: A crowd of people or animals
अर्थ: लोगों या जानवरों की भीड़
Synonym: stream, swarm, flock,
Antonym: scantling, take apart
Usage: we parked the car and made our way to the little tearoom, packed with throngs of tourists.

Castigated(Verb) : आलोचना
Meaning: reprimand (someone) severely.
अर्थ: बुरी तरह फटकारना (किसी को)।
Synonym: reprimand, rebuke
Antonym: praise, commend
Usage: The principal castigates the student who has insult their teacher.

Pretense(Noun) : दिखावा
Meaning: an attempt to make something that is not the case appear true.
अर्थ: ऐसा कुछ करने का प्रयास जो मामला सच न हो।
Synonym: make-believe, act,
Antonym: reality, honesty
Usage: The hypocrisy is the pretense that the players are scholars whose colleges are competing for the glory of it all.

Substantive(adjective) : मूल
Meaning: having a firm basis in reality and so important, meaningful, or considerable.
अर्थ: वास्तविकता में एक मजबूत आधार और इतना महत्वपूर्ण, सार्थक या विचारणीय होना।
Synonym: biggish, considerable
Antonym: inconsequential, inconsiderable
Usage: The State Department reported that substantive discussions had taken place with Beijing.

Accrual(Noun) : परिणाम
Meaning: the accumulation or increase of something over time, especially payments or benefits.
अर्थ: समय के साथ किसी चीज का संचय या वृद्धि, विशेष रूप से भुगतान या लाभ।
Synonym: result, arise
Antonym: abatement, decline
Usage: Do not confuse limitations on the accrual of benefits with limitations on deductible contribution.

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