The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 5 January 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

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The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 5 January 2021

Incumbent : अवलंबी
Meaning:
अर्थ: कर्तव्य या जिम्मेदारी के रूप में (किसी के लिए) आवश्यक।
Synonyms: necessary, tenured, compulsory, officeholder
Antonyms: optional, unnecessary
Usage: It is incumbent upon all users of this equipment to familiarize themselves with the safety procedure.

PATRONAGE (noun): संरक्षण
Meaning: a condescending manner or attitude in granting favors, in dealing with people.
अर्थ: लोगों के साथ व्यवहार में, एहसान देने में एक कृपालु तरीका या रवैया।
Synonyms: aegis, auspices, backing, encouragement, financing.
Antonyms: attack, blockage, disapproval, discouragement, harm.
Usage: There were hundreds of other things in the great city, but they had their share of patronage.

CONCURRENCE (noun): सन्निपतन
Meaning: the fact of two or more events or circumstances happening or existing at the same time.
अर्थ: एक ही समय में होने वाली या विद्यमान दो या अधिक घटनाओं या परिस्थितियों का तथ्य।
Synonym: concordance, cooperation, coincidence.
Antonym: dissonance, discord.
Usage: Because the events ran in concurrence, the coordinator could not attend both parties at the same time.

Unprecedented (adjective): अभूतपूर्व
Meaning: never done or known before.
अर्थ: पहले कभी नहीं किया या जाना जाता है।
Synonym: unequaled, unmatched, unrivaled.
Antonym: precedented, familiar, usual.
Usage: The damage caused by the hurricane is unprecedented and has never been experienced before in this country.

Demolish (verb): ध्वस्त
Meaning: pull or knockdown (a building)
अर्थ: (एक इमारत) गिराना
Synonyms: annihilate, bulldoze, crush, decimate
Antonyms: build, construct, create, help, lose, raise
Usage: He harangued the Indians, and exhorted them to demolish the fort.

Jeopardize (verb) : ख़तरे में डालना
Meaning: put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure.
अर्थ: (किसी को या किसी को) ऐसी स्थिति में रखना जिसमें हानि, हानि या असफलता का खतरा हो।
Synonyms: imperil, threaten, chance, gamble
Antonyms: guard, protect, save, design
Usage: By a word, he could have done it, yet he feared lest that word must jeopardize his brother.

Ample (adjective) : प्रचुर
Meaning: enough or more than enough; plentiful.
अर्थ: पर्याप्त या पर्याप्त से अधिक; भरपूर मात्रा में।
Synonyms: abundant, bountiful, broad, copious
Antonyms: cramped, insignificant, lacking, limited
Usage: I’ve left ample stores of food and water for you.

Retain : बनाये रखना
Meaning: continue to have (something); keep possession of.
अर्थ: (कुछ) जारी रखना; कब्जा रखना
Synonyms: keep, hold, preserve
Antonyms: abandon, release
Usage: The union needs to retain the allegiance of all its members for the strike to succeed.

Compel : बाध्य करना
Meaning: force or oblige (someone) to do something.
अर्थ: कुछ करने के लिए बल या उपकृत करना (किसी को)।
Synonyms: force, oblige, coerce, enforce
Antonyms: impede, obstruct, discourage, dissuade
Usage: Illness compelled him to stay in bed.

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