The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:7 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 7 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

SISYPHEAN(Adjective) : व्यर्थ

  • Meaning: Referring to a task that can never be finished
  • अर्थ: ऐसे कार्य का जिक्र करना जो कभी समाप्त नहीं हो सकता
  • Synonym: futile, fruitless
  • Antonym: effective, useful
  • Usage: It’s a difficult task, maybe even a sisyphean one, but it’s a challenge for someone to do.

DEMUR (Verb) : आपत्ति

  • Meaning: raise objections or show reluctance.
  • अर्थ: आपत्तियाँ उठाना या अनिच्छा दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: object, protest, cavil, dissent
  • Antonyms: accept, agree
  • Usage: Because the DA decided to demur the low bond, it was set at a higher fee.

TIRADE(Noun) : निंदा-भाषण

  • Meaning: a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation.
  • अर्थ: आलोचना या आरोप का लंबा, गुस्सा भरा भाषण।
  • Synonyms: diatribe, invective, polemic, denunciation, rant
  • Antonyms: compliment, praise
  • Usage: She launched into a tirade against the policies that ruined her business.

INTERDICT (Noun) : प्रतिबंध

  • Meaning: an authoritative prohibition, in particular
  • अर्थ: एक आधिकारिक निषेध, विशेष रूप से
  • Synonym: prohibition, ban, bar, veto, prescription,
  • Antonym: corroborate, support
  • Usage: Because I failed most of my classes last term, my parents will probably interdict me from working this semester.

FARE (verb) :  प्रबंधन

  • Meaning: perform in a specified way in a particular situation or over a particular period.
  • अर्थ: किसी विशेष स्थिति में या किसी विशेष अवधि में निर्दिष्ट तरीके से प्रदर्शन करना।
  • Synonyms: proceed, progress, manage, cope.
  • Antonyms: cease, regress, suppress, retard.
  • Usage: We’ll also give you an exclusive analysis of how each team fared over the weekend.

POGROM (noun) : तबाही

  • Meaning: massacre, mass murder.
  • अर्थ: नरसंहार, सामूहिक हत्या।
  • Synonyms: holocaust, slaughter, decimation, carnage.
  • Antonyms: relief, rescue, refuge, support.
  • Usage: It is unthinkable that anyone could design a pogrom as a means for eliminating a group of people.

SUPPURATE(Verb) : पकना

  • Meaning: Cause to ripen and discharge pus.
  • अर्थ: मवाद का पकना और निकलना।
  • Synonym: fester, decay
  • Antonym: invest, enlist
  • Usage: If that scrape on your hand starts to suppurate, you might want to go to the doctor.

TROVE (noun): कोष

  • Meaning: a store of valuable or delightful things.
  • अर्थ: मूल्यवान या रमणीय वस्तुओं का भंडार।
  • Synonyms: accumulation, agglomeration, backlog, conglomeration, heap, pile, reservoir, stock
  • Store, supply.
  • Antonyms: trash, litter, junk, dispersion, reduction, shrinkage.
  • Usage: I discovered a trove of candy bars and pop tarts in my teen son’s pillow case.

EXEGESIS (noun): टिप्पणी

  • Meaning: an explanation or critical interpretation of a text.
  • अर्थ: किसी पाठ की व्याख्या या आलोचनात्मक व्याख्या।
  • Synonyms: interpretation, exposition, explication, elucidation, clarification, gloss, annotation, illustration.
  • Antonyms: pain point.
  • Usage: The student’s exegesis of the novel was one of the best summaries the professor had ever read.

PRATTLE (verb): बकबक करना

  • Meaning:  talk at length in a foolish or inconsequential way.
  • अर्थ: मूर्खतापूर्ण या असंगत तरीके से बात करना।
  • Synonyms: chatter, babble, prate, blather, ramble, gabble, jabber, maunder, drivel, patter, jibber-jabber, blabber, natter, waffle.
  • Antonyms: quiet, silence, clamor, enunciate, articulate, pronounce.
  • Usage: To make others envious, Reena likes to prattle on about her great job.

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