The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 7 October 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 7 October 2021

AMNESTY (Noun) :अपराध-क्षमा 

  • Meaning: a decision by a government to forgive people who have committed particular illegal acts or crimes, and not to punish them
  • अर्थ : सरकार द्वारा उन लोगों को माफ करने का निर्णय जो विशेष रूप से गैरकानूनी कार्य या अपराध करते हैं।
  • Synonyms: forgiveness, absolution
  • Antonyms: conviction, sentence
  • Usage: The state has declared an amnesty for individuals who pay their outstanding back taxes.

Catastrophic (Adjective): आपत्तिजनक

  • Meaning: involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering.
  • अर्थ: अचानक बड़ी क्षति या पीड़ा को शामिल करना या उत्पन्न करना।
  • Synonyms: calamitous, cataclysmic, disastrous, fatal, ruinous, tragic
  • Antonyms: calamitous, cataclysmic, disastrous, fatal, ruinous, tragic
  • Example: A Latvian farm worker driving in Scotland for the first time killed a Perthshire father in a “catastrophic” collision

DURESS (noun) : अवरोध

  • Meaning: threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something against their will or better judgement.
  • अर्थ: धमकी, हिंसा, अड़चन या अन्य कार्रवाई किसी को उनकी इच्छा या बेहतर निर्णय के खिलाफ कुछ करने में मजबूर करती है।
  • Synonyms: coercion, compulsion, pressurization, enforcement.
  • Antonyms: agreement, approval, consent, persuasion.
  • Usage: I think Harry was under duress when she signed the agreement; he never would have voluntarily accepted those conditions.

 EGALITARIAN (Noun) : समानाधिकारवादी

  • Meaning:one who advocates or practices social equality.
  • अर्थ:वह जो सामाजिक समानता की वकालत करता है या करता है।
  • Synonyms:democrat, leveler
  • Antonyms:snob, snoot
  • Usage: As egalitarians, some people have always promoted policies for equal pay.

Diminution (NOUN) : कमी

  • Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
  • Synonyms: curtailment, curtailing, cutting back, cut back, cut, attenuation, reduction, lessening,
  • Antonym: accretion, accrual, accumulation, addition, supplement
  • Example: Led by P.V. Narasimha Rao, it steered the country away from a diminution of its political stature that was assured were it to renege on them.

Protege (Noun) : आश्रित

  • Meaning: A person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person.
  • अर्थ: एक व्यक्ति जो एक बड़े और अधिक अनुभवी या प्रभावशाली व्यक्ति द्वारा निर्देशित और समर्थित है।
  • Synonyms: Pupil, student, trainee.
  • Antonyms: Guardian, adult
  • Example: Ram submitted his protege name to the elections.

UNTRAMMELED (adjective) : बेरोक

  • Meaning: not deprived of freedom of action or expression; not restricted or hampered.
  • अर्थ: कार्रवाई या अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता से वंचित नहीं; प्रतिबंधित या बाधित नहीं।
  • Synonyms: unobstructed, unhampered, unrestrained, unfettered.
  • Antonyms: limited, restrained, restricted, obstructed.
  • Usage: My mother always encourages me to let my untrammeled dreams run wild.

 NIMBLY (Adjective) : दक्षतापूर्वक 

  • Meaning: having or showing quickness of mind
  • अर्थ: मन का तेज होना या दिखना
  • Synonym: alert, brainy, bright, brilliant, clever
  • Antonym:  dim-witted, doltish, dopey (also dopy), dorky [slang], dull,

PERSUASION (noun) : अनुनय

  • Meaning: a belief or set of beliefs, especially religious or political ones.
  • अर्थ: मान्यताओं का एक विश्वास या सेट, विशेषकर धार्मिक या राजनीतिक।
  • Synonyms: opinion, conviction, faith, view.
  • Antonyms: dissuasion, distrust, constraint, disbelief.
  • Usage: Political leaders and women of all political persuasions are expected to attend the commemorations.

STENTORIAN (adjective)  : बुलंद

  • Meaning: (of a person’s voice) loud and powerful.
  • अर्थ:  (किसी व्यक्ति की आवाज़) ज़ोर से और शक्तिशाली।
  • Synonyms: booming, clangorous, piercing, roaring.
  • Antonyms: soothing, muffled, muted, softened.
  • Usage: When my father speaks in a stentorian voice, I know I’m in trouble.

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