The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 9 December 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)


The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 9 December 2021

ABYSMAL: बेहद खराब
Meaning: extremely badअर्थ: अत्यंत बुराSynonyms: bad, awfulAntonyms: good

Example: I got an abysmal grade on my research paper!
TRANSIENT (Adjective): क्षणिक

  • Meaning: lasting for only a short time; temporary
  • अर्थ: केवल थोड़े समय के लिए स्थायी; अस्थायी
  • Synonyms: temporary, short- lived
  • Antonyms: permanent, forever
  • Usage: The weakness was transient, and soon I was feeling strong again.

BREVIARY (noun) : प्रार्थना-संग्रह

  • Meaning: a short statement of the main points.
  • अर्थ: मुख्य बिंदुओं का एक छोटा बयान।
  • Synonyms: summary, conspectus, encapsulation, outline.
  • Antonyms: enlargement, expansion, supplement, amplification.
  • Usage: The Second Vatican Council revised the Breviary and changed its name to Liturgy of the Hours.

RELENT (verb) : तरस खाना

  • Meaning: to cease resistance (as to another’s arguments, demands, or control).
  • अर्थ: प्रतिरोध को रोकना (दूसरे के तर्क, मांग या नियंत्रण के अनुसार)।
  • Synonyms: concede, give in, submit, succumb.
  • Antonyms: combat, confront, counter, defy.
  • Usage: Because my father is very angry, he won’t relent on my harsh punishment.

PRUDENCE (Noun) : सावधानी

  • Meaning: the quality of being prudent; cautiousness.
  • अर्थ: विवेकपूर्ण होने का गुण; सतर्क।
  • Synonyms: wisdom, judgment,  sagacity, shrewdness
  • Antonyms: folly, recklessness
  • Usage: Maybe you’ll exercise a little more financial prudence next time.

THRALL(Noun) : ग़ुलाम

  • Meaning: the state of being under the control of another person
  • अर्थ: किसी अन्य व्यक्ति के नियंत्रण में होने की स्थिति
  • Synonyms: servitude, slavery
  • Antonyms: mastery, dominance
  • Example: After experiencing oppression at the thrall of Great Britain, the colonists decided to take action against the giant country in order to make decisions for themselves.

AMBIGUITY: अस्पष्टता

  • Meaning: the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness.
  • अर्थ: एक से अधिक व्याख्याओं के लिए खुले रहने की गुणवत्ता; अशुद्धता।
  • Synonyms: ambivalence, equivocation; obscurity, vagueness
  • Antonyms: transparency
  • Example: We can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act.

ALLUDE संकेत करना

  • Meaning: suggest or call attention to indirectly; hint at.
  • अर्थ: परोक्ष रूप से सुझाव या ध्यान देना; की ओर संकेत करना।
  • Synonyms: suggest, imply, mention, cite
  • Example: We can only allude to some of these points.

SCRUTINY: संवीक्षा

  • Meaning: critical observation or examination.
  • अर्थ: महत्वपूर्ण अवलोकन या परीक्षा।
  • Synonyms: inspection, survey, scan, study
  • Antonyms: flash, glance, glimpse, peek
  • Example: The university may revoke my diploma.

DEROGATORY: अपमानजनक

  • Meaning: showing a critical or disrespectful attitude.
  • अर्थ: आलोचनात्मक या अपमानजनक रवैया दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: disparaging, slighting, pejorative, belittling
  • Antonyms: complimentary, appreciative, favorable, flattering
  • Example: He made some derogatory comment/remark about her appearance.

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