The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 11 January 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 11 January 2021
The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 11 January 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 11 January 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

  1. DOWNGRADE (Verb) अधोगति
    Meaning: reduce to a lower grade, rank, or level of importance.
    Synonyms: decline, declivity, descent, dip, hill, inclination
    Antonyms: ascent, improvement, increase, rise
    Usage: His career has been on the downgrade.

2.STRINGENT (adjective) कड़ी से कड़ी
Meaning: not allowing for any exceptions or loosening of standards
Synonyms: brassbound, cast-iron, exacting, hard-line, inflexible, rigid, rigorous,
Antonyms: flexible, lax, loose, relaxed, slack
Usage: There are stringent rules against unauthorized persons being in our building

3.EGALITARIAN (Noun): समानाधिकारवादी
Meaning: one who advocates or practices social equality.


Synonyms: democrat, leveler
Antonyms: snob, snoot
Usage: As egalitarians, some people have always promoted policies for equal pay.

4.SOJOURN (noun) विराम
Meaning: a temporary stay at one place, esp. while traveling.
Synonyms: stay, tarry, visit, stopover.
Antonyms: journey, migration, departure, advance.
Usage: During Dean’s sojourn in Paris, he spent two weeks visiting all of the city’s cultural attractions.

5.INCUR (verb) झेलना
Meaning: become subject to (something unwelcome or unpleasant) as a result of one’s own behavior or actions.
Synonyms: provoke, earn, arouse, induce.
Antonyms: avoid, shun, elude, evade.
Usage: The surgery wasn’t what scared the sick man, it was all of the medical bills he would incur from the procedure.

6.XENOPHOBIC (adjective) अज्ञातजन भीति/ विदेशी द्वेश
Meaning: having or showing a dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
Synonyms: racist, racialist, ethnocentric, ethnocentrist.
Antonyms: bountiful, permissive, thoughtful, lenient.
Usage: As a result, the new parliament is distinctly more xenophobic and illiberal than its predecessor.

  1. APARTHEID (noun) रंगभेद
    Meaning: a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
    Synonyms: prejudice, bias, bigotry, favoritism.

  1. Antonyms: antidiscrimination, antiracism, antisegregation, assimilationism.
    Usage: Incredibly, a decade after the end of apartheid this system still exists.

8.VEST (verb) निहित होना
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
Synonyms: entrust, invest, bestow, confer.
Antonyms: impede, inhibit, disqualify, disbar.
Usage: Extensive powers were vested into the hands of the President who headed the executive branch of government.

9.BLATANT (adjective) प्रबल
Meaning: (of bad behavior) done openly and unashamedly.
Synonyms: flagrant, glaring, undisguised, overt.
Antonyms: imperceptible, inconspicuous, unnoticeable, unobtrusive.
Usage: To credit the newspaper, they did retract the quote once it was exposed as a blatant lie.

10.MURKY(Adjective) धुंधला
Meaning: dark and dirty or difficult to see through
Synonyms: cloudy, dark
Antonyms: bright, luminous
Example: The river was brown and murky after the storm.

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