The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 16 December 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 16 December 2020
The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 16 December 2020

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 16 December 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

Counterweight : प्रतिभार
Meaning: a weight that balances another weight.
अर्थ: एक वजन जो दूसरे वजन को संतुलित करता है।
Synonyms: counterpoise, counterbalance,
Antonyms: lopsidedness, disequilibrium
Usage in a Sentence: The crane has a heavy counterweight on the back.
Undermine : दुर्बल बना देना

Meaning: erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation)
अर्थ: (चट्टान का निर्माण) के आधार या नींव को नष्ट करना
Synonyms: weaken, impair, subvert

Antonyms: strengthen, encourage
Usage in a sentence: The scandal threatened to undermine the institution of the Presidency

Charisma : प्रतिभा
Meaning: compelling attractiveness or charm that can inspire devotion in others.
अर्थ: आकर्षण जो दूसरों में भक्ति को प्रेरित कर सकता है।
Synonyms: magnetism, charm, allure, glamour, fascination
Antonyms: ugliness, unattractiveness, offensiveness
Usage in a Sentence: He has neither the policies nor the personal charisma to inspire people.

Vest : अधिकृत करना
Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
अर्थ: किसी पर शक्ति या अधिकार (शक्ति, अधिकार, संपत्ति इत्यादि) प्रदान करना या देना।
Synonyms: endow, lodge, entrust to
Antonyms: disapprove, divest
Usage in a sentence: The local planning authorities are vested with powers to regulate land use and development.

Contest : संघर्ष करना
Meaning: an event in which people compete for supremacy in a sport or other activity, or in quality. (Noun)
अर्थ: एक घटना जिसमें लोग किसी खेल या अन्य गतिविधि में, या गुणवत्ता में वर्चस्व के लिए प्रतिस्पर्धा करते हैं।
Synonyms: competition, dispute, challenge, fight
Antonyms: collaborate, concord, support, compromise
Usage in a Sentence: She plans to contest a seat in Congress next year.

Retrograde : प्रतिगामी
Meaning: directed or moving backwards. [Adjective]
अर्थ: पीछे की ओर निर्देशित या बढ़ना।
Synonyms: reverse, rearward, regressive, downhill,
Antonyms: progress, advance, modern
Usage in a Sentence: The closure of the factories is seen as a retrograde step.

convict (verb) : मिद्धदोष अपराधी
Meaning: declare (someone) to be guilty of a criminal offence by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law.
अर्थ: किसी को जूरी के फैसले या कानून की अदालत में एक न्यायाधीश के फैसले से एक आपराधिक अपराध का दोषी घोषित करना (किसी को)।


Synonyms: captive, felon, prisoner, culprit
Antonyms: cite, commend, endorse
Example: A person who has been convicted of a criminal offense.

Impend (verb) : समीप आ जाना
Meaning: be about to happen.
अर्थ: होने वाला है।
synonyms: advance, approach, brew, forebode
Antonyms: gone, Past, distant, later
Example: We have no thought to impede the paths to closer relationship.

Persecution (noun) : उत्पीड़न
Meaning: hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs; oppression.
अर्थ: शत्रुता और दुर्व्यवहार, विशेषकर नस्ल या राजनीतिक या धार्मिक विश्वासों के कारण; उत्पीड़न।
Synonyms: expulsion, ill-treatment, imprisonment, killing
Antonyms: happiness, joy, help, stimulation
Example: Grief and persecution had in a former instance inspired her with the love of solitude.

Earnest (adjective) : बयाना
Meaning: resulting from or showing sincere and intense conviction.
अर्थ: ईमानदारी और गहन विश्वास दिखाने या दिखाने के परिणामस्वरूप।
Synonyms; ardent, diligent, fervent, heartfelt
Antonyms: apathetic, cold, cool, dispassionate
Example: As Philothea turned towards her companion, she met Aspasia’s earnest gaze.

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