The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 16 January 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

 The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 16 January 2021
The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 16 January 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 16 January 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

Encumbrance(Noun) : भार

  • Meaning: an impediment or burden.
  • अर्थ: एक बाधा या बोझ।
  • Synonym: hindrance, obstruction
  • Antonym: help, asset
  • Sentence: I felt I was being an encumbrance to them.

Alienated(adjective) : अलग-थलग

  • Meaning: experiencing or inducing feelings of isolation or estrangement.
  • अर्थ: अलगाव या व्यवस्था की भावनाओं का अनुभव या उत्प्रेरण।
  • Synonym: disaffect, disgruntle
  • Antonym: endear, ingratiate
  • Sentence: The Prime Minister’s policy alienated many of her followers.

NEUROSIS (NOUN) : विक्षिप्त

  • Meaning: mental and emotional disorder that affects only part of the personality
  • अर्थ: मानसिक और भावनात्मक विकार जो व्यक्तित्व के केवल हिस्से को प्रभावित करता है
  • Synonyms: aberration, dementia,hallucinosis, hypomania, paranoia
  • Antonyms: lucidity, rationality, rationalness, reasonability
  • Example: These are givers whose philanthropy has been absent neurosis and aggression

REFRACTORY (adjective) : दुराग्राही

  • Meaning: stubborn or unmanageable.
  • अर्थ: जिद्दी या असहनीय।
  • Synonyms: recalcitrant, obstreperous, insubordinate, intractable.
  • Antonyms: obedient, manageable, amenable, compliant.
  • Usage: Most teenagers go through a refractory phase where they don’t want to listen to authority figures.

Verdict : निर्णय

  • Meaning: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
  • अर्थ: एक नागरिक या आपराधिक मामले या एक पूछताछ में तथ्य के मुद्दे पर एक निर्णय।
  • Synonyms: decision, sentence, judgement
  • Antonyms: accusation, suggestion
  • Usage:  In the case of an adverse verdict, the company could stand to lose millions.

Tarnish : दूषित करना

  • Meaning: lose or cause to lose lustre, especially as a result of exposure to air or moisture. (Verb)
  • अर्थ: चमक खोना या खोना, विशेष रूप से हवा या नमी के संपर्क के परिणामस्वरूप। 
  • Synonyms: discolour, stain, sully, besmirch, blacken, smear, defile
  • Antonyms: improve, purify, clean, brighten, enhance
  • Usage:  The scandal tarnished his reputation.

Charismatic : आकर्षक व्यक्तित्व युक्त

  • Meaning: exercising a compelling charm which inspires devotion in others. (Adjective)
  • अर्थ: एक आकर्षक आकर्षण का प्रयोग करना जो दूसरों में भक्ति को प्रेरित करता है।
  • Synonyms: charming, captivating, enchanting, glamorous
  • Antonyms: repulsive, unrelatable, tedious, abominable, unappealing
  • Usage:  Not an obviously charismatic figure, Mr Chan’s principal qualities are those of a high-order bureaucrat.

Lopsided : असंतुलित, एकतरफ़ा

  • Meaning: with one side lower or smaller than the other
  • अर्थ: एक तरफ से कम या दूसरे से छोटा
  • Synonyms: uneven, unequal, irregular, unbalanced, disproportionate, partial
  • Antonyms: level, balanced, even
  • Usage:  After all, such lopsided enthusiasm indicates that you feel well equipped to tell judges how to do their jobs

Prosecutor (noun) : अभियोक्ता

  • Meaning: a legal official who accuses someone of committing a crime, especially in a law court
  • अर्थ: एक कानूनी अधिकारी जो किसी पर अपराध करने का आरोप लगाता है, खासकर कानून अदालत में
  • Synonyms: attorney, lawyer, prosecuting officer, functionary, public prosecutor
  • Antonyms: unauthorized, unofficial, unestablished, irregular, unconfirmed
  • Usage:  A government official who conducts criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state.

PROFANE(adjective) : अपवित्र

  • Meaning: vulgar and inappropriate
  • अर्थ: अशिष्ट और अनुचित
  • Synonyms: coarse, nasty
  • Antonyms: kind, polite
  • Usage: They have profaned the long upheld traditions of the Temple.

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