The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 17 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 17 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

SLUMP (verb) : गिर पड़ना

  • Meaning: undergo a sudden severe or prolonged fall in price, value, or amount.
  • अर्थ: मूल्य, मूल्य या राशि में अचानक गंभीर या लंबे समय तक गिरावट से गुजरना।
  • Synonyms: plummet, plunge, tumble, decline.
  • Antonyms: rise, ascend, grow, soar.
  • Usage: When the task force was putting together its original report, the world price of oil had slumped as low as $10 a barrel.

HETERODOX (adjective) विधर्मिक

  • Meaning: not conforming with accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs.
  • अर्थ: स्वीकृत या रूढ़िवादी मानकों या मान्यताओं के अनुरूप नहीं।
  • Synonyms: separatist, heretical, nonconformist, iconoclastic.
  • Antonyms: orthodox, agnostic, devout, nonsectarian.
  • Usage: He argues that this ignores the complex interaction between orthodox intellectual culture and heterodox expression.

PURLOIN (verb) : चुराना

  • Meaning: steal (something).
  • अर्थ: चोरी (कुछ)।
  • Synonyms: loot, pilfer, steal, embezzle.
  • Antonyms: bestow, contribute, donate, purchase.
  • Usage: Sometimes it’s impossible to not purloin an excerpt from another person’s blog.

SIEGE (Noun) : घेराबंदी

  • Meaning: a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies, with the aim of compelling those inside to surrender.
  • अर्थ: एक सैन्य अभियान जिसमें शत्रु सेना एक शहर या इमारत को घेर लेती है, जो आवश्यक आपूर्ति को काट देती है, जिसका उद्देश्य उन लोगों को आत्मसमर्पण करने के लिए मजबूर करना है।
  • Synonyms: blockade, barricade, restriction
  • Antonyms: clearance, opening
  • Usage: During the siege of the village, the villagers were forced to give up their property.

GLOAT (Verb) : आनंदित होना

  • Meaning: dwell on one’s own success or another’s misfortune with smugness or malignant pleasure.
  • अर्थ: एक की सफलता या दूसरे के दुर्भाग्य पर स्मॉग या अशिष्टता का भाव।
  • Synonyms: exult, rejoice, relish
  • Antonyms: commiserate, sympathize
  • Usage: If you are the winner of a contest, you should not gloat and make your competitors feel inferior.

TIZZY : घबराहट

  • Meaning: a state of nervous excitement or agitation.
  • अर्थ: घबराहट या उत्तेजना की स्थिति।
  • Synonyms: acrimony, animosity, annoyance, chagrin.
  • Antonyms: calm, calmness, delight, ease
  • Usage: Her mother was in a tizzy over Liz’s divorce.

STENTORIAN (adjective) : बुलंद

  • Meaning: (of a person’s voice) loud and powerful.
  • अर्थ: (किसी व्यक्ति की आवाज़) ज़ोर से और शक्तिशाली।
  • Synonyms: booming, clangorous, piercing, roaring.
  • Antonyms: soothing, muffled, muted, softened.
  • Usage: When my father speaks in a stentorian voice, I know I’m in trouble.

FARRAGO (noun) : संमिश्रण

  • Meaning: a confused mixture.
  • अर्थ: एक उलझन भरा मिश्रण।
  • Synonyms: mishmash, jumble, hodgepodge, turmoil.
  • Antonyms: constituent, ravel, sequence, categorization.
  • Usage: The present gun law is a farrago of nonsense as most of it is unenforceable.

STRAY (verb) : भटकना

  • Meaning: move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place.
  • अर्थ: किसी समूह या सही पाठ्यक्रम या स्थान से लक्ष्यहीन दूर जाना।
  • Synonyms: digress, deviate, wander, drift.
  • Antonyms: stay, belong, remain, exist.
  • Usage: She went for a long walk and strayed into the forest.

Indigenous(adjective) : स्वदेशी

  • Meaning: originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
  • अर्थ: किसी विशेष स्थान पर स्वाभाविक रूप से उत्पन्न या उत्पन्न होना; देशी।
  • Synonyms: native, innate, inborn, primitive, congenital
  • Antonyms: alien, foreign
  • Usage: They were our indigenous peoples, our first peoples, our first speakers, and our first hearers.

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