The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 18 December 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

 The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 18 December 2020
The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 18 December 2020

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 18 December 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

GLOAT (Verb) : बुरी दृष्टि से घूरना

  • Meaning: dwell on one’s own success or another’s misfortune with smugness or malignant pleasure.
  • अर्थ: एक की सफलता या दूसरे के दुर्भाग्य पर स्मॉग या अशिष्टता का भाव।
  • Synonyms: exult, rejoice, relish
  • Antonyms: commiserate, sympathize
  • Usage: If you are the winner of a contest, you should not gloat and make your competitors feel inferior.

LOUSY(adjective) : घटिया

  • Meaning: very bad
  • अर्थ: बहुत बुरा
  • Synonyms: awful, horrible
  • Antonyms: good, great Example: The pizza was so incredibly lousy that she wouldn’t even give it to her worst enemy.

INCERTITUDE(noun) : संदेह

  • Meaning: Uncertainty; doubt
  • अर्थ: अनिश्चितता; शक
  • Synonyms: Confused, Suspicious
  • Antonyms: Assurance, Belief
  • Usage: The incertitude of his position in life caused him to postpone his marriage.

COGNIZANCE(noun) : हस्तक्षेप, संज्ञान

  • Meaning: To take notice of and consider something, especially when judging
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज़ पर ध्यान देना और विचार करना, विशेषकर न्याय करते समय
  • Synonyms: Awareness, Familiarity
  • Antonyms: Unfamiliar, Ignorance
  • Usage: The lawyer asked the jury to take cognizance of the defendant’s generosity in giving to charity.

VOLITANT(adjective) : तेजी से उड़ना

  • Meaning: flying or moving about rapidly
  • अर्थ: तेजी से उड़ना या बढ़ना
  • Synonyms: floating, soaring
  • Antonyms: slow, grounded
  • Usage: Volitant birds have taken over the beach and quickly fly about the area looking for food.

DOWNTRODDEN (adjective) : लताड़ा हुआ

  • Meaning: Oppressed or treated badly by people in power.
  • अर्थ: सत्ता में बैठे लोगों के द्वारा बुरा बर्ताव करना या उनके साथ व्यवहार करना।
  • Synonyms: persecuted, exploited, repressed, tyrannized.
  • Antonyms: protected, respected, guarded, favored.
  • Usage: His claim to be a representative of the downtrodden masses is, of course, completely bogus.

INCONCEIVABLE(adjective) : अचिंतनीय

  • Meaning: not capable of being imagined or grasped mentally; unbelievable.
  • अर्थ: मानसिक रूप से कल्पना करने या समझ पाने में सक्षम नहीं; अविश्वसनीय।
  • Synonyms: implausible, improbable, incredible, incogitable.
  • Antonyms: plausible, reasonable, tenable, conceivable.
  • Usage: When I looked at my outrageous hospital bill, I blinked at the inconceivable amount

DILATORY (adjective) : धीमा

  • Meaning: slow to act
  • अर्थ: कार्य करने में धीमा
  • Synonyms: sluggish, slothful, lax, slack.
  • Antonyms: fast, prompt, brisk, quick.
  • Usage: They were dilatory in providing the researchers with information.

DERISIVE(adjective): व्यंग्यात्मक

  • Meaning: mocking and ridiculing
  • अर्थ: उपहास करना 
  • Synonyms: cheeky, scornful
  • Antonyms: polite, respectful
  • Usage: The bully let out a derisive laugh when mocking his classmate’s nerdy glasses.

REPROBATE (noun) : नीच

  • Meaning: an unprincipled person.
  • अर्थ: एक अप्रतिष्ठित व्यक्ति।
  • Synonyms: rogue, scoundrel, villain, wretch.
  • Antonyms: upright, virtuous, principled, righteous
  • Usage: Although the old man pretended to be a reprobate in public, in private he did a lot of good deeds for the homeless.

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