The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 21 November 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 21 November 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

GUILE (Noun) : धूर्तता,  छल-कपट 

  • Meaning: sly or cunning intelligence.
  • अर्थ : धूर्त या चालाक बुद्धि। 
  • Synonyms: cunning, artifice, canniness
  • Antonyms: forthrightness,  guilelessness
  • Example: A shady salesman usually relies on a combination of quick thinking and guile.

EXIGENT (Adjective) : जरूरी, अत्यावश्यक 

  • Meaning: pressing; demanding.
  • अर्थ : अत्यावश्यक, माँग करना
  • Synonyms: urgent, crucial
  • Antonyms: unpressured, facile
  • Example: I try not to be exigent with my students, but as a teacher I have to press them to get their work done.

PETULANT (Adjective) : ढीठ

  • Meaning: (of a person or their manner) childishly sulky or bad-tempered.
  • अर्थ : (एक व्यक्ति या उनके तरीके से) बचकाना भद्दा या बुरा स्वभाव।
  • Synonyms: peevish, bad-tempered, ill-tempered, pettish
  • Antonyms: good-humoured, easy-going, affable
  • Example: When the movie started, the petulant infant would not stop crying because of the loud noise.

REVELRY(Noun): आनंदोत्सव 

  • Meaning: a situation in which people are drinking, dancing, singing, etc. at a party or in public, especially in a noisy way 
  • अर्थ : ऐसी स्थिति जिसमें लोग किसी पार्टी में या सार्वजनिक रूप से, विशेष रूप से शोर-शराबे में शराब पीना, नाचना, गाना आदि कर रहे हों।
  • Synonyms: debauchery, carouse
  • Antonyms: sadness, mourning
  • Example: The revelries next door kept me awake all night.

AGHAST(Adjective): आश्चर्यान्वित, हक्काबक्का

  • Meaning: suddenly filled with strong feelings of shock and worry
  • अर्थ : अचानक सदमे और चिंता की मजबूत भावनाओं से भरा
  • Synonyms: anxious, dismayed
  • Antonyms: unsurprised, calm
  • Example: Workers and union officials were aghast at the layoffs.

SKIRMISH (noun) : झड़प

  • Meaning: a brief clash between enemies or rivals.
  • अर्थ: दुश्मनों या प्रतिद्वंद्वियों के बीच एक संक्षिप्त टकराव।
  • Synonyms: conflict, quarrel, fray, hassle.
  • Antonyms: concord, agreement, harmony, truce.
  • Example: Right before the game’s results were announced, the fans got into a skirmish over whose team was the greatest.

RECALCITRANT (adjective) : आज्ञा न माननेवाला

  • Meaning: having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline.
  • अर्थ: अधिकार या अनुशासन के प्रति उदासीन रवैया रखना।
  • Synonyms: indocile, insubordinate, defiant, wayward.
  • Antonyms: compliant, conformable, docile, tractable.
  • Example: The manager worried that the recalcitrant employee would try to undermine his authority.

WARY (adjective) : सावधान

  • Meaning: feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
  • अर्थ: संभावित खतरों या समस्याओं के बारे में सावधानी महसूस करना या दिखाना।
  • Synonyms: attentive, heedful, vigilant, observant.
  • Antonyms: careless, heedless, incautious, unguarded.
  • Example: Dogs which have been mistreated often remain very wary of strangers.

INHABITANT(Noun) : निवासी

  • Meaning: a person or animal that lives in a particular place
  • अर्थ: एक व्यक्ति या जानवर जो एक विशेष स्थान पर रहता है
  • Synonyms:residents, occupants
  • Antonyms:refugees, migrants
  • Example:The Aborigines are the native inhabitants of Australia.

RETREAT(Verb) :पीछे हटना

  • Meaning:To go away from a place or person in order to escape.
  • अर्थ: बचने के लिए किसी स्थान या व्यक्ति से दूर जाना।
  • Synonyms:yield, surrender
  • Antonyms:invade, access
  • Example:Fire fighters had to retreat from the fierce heat.

AMIABLE(Adjective) : सौहार्दपूर्ण

  • Meaning: pleasant and friendly
  • अर्थ: सुखद और दोस्ताना
  • Synonyms: amicable, cheerful
  • Antonyms: aloof, bad
  • Example: He seemed an amiable young man.

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