The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 23 November 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 23 November 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

THRALL(Noun) : ग़ुलाम

  • Meaning: the state of being under the control of another person
  • अर्थ: किसी अन्य व्यक्ति के नियंत्रण में होने की स्थिति
  • Synonyms: servitude, slavery
  • Antonyms: mastery, dominance
  • Example: After experiencing oppression at the thrall of Great Britain, the colonists decided to take action against the giant country in order to make decisions for themselves.

USURIOUS (adjective) : अति ब्याज

  • Meaning: rate of interest that is unfairly high.
  • अर्थ: ब्याज की दर जो गलत तरीके से उच्च है।
  • Synonyms: avaricious, acquisitive, rapacious, covetous.
  • Antonyms: affordable, moderate, generous, undulating.
  • Usage: Can you lend to the poor without charging usurious interest?

GRANULAR (adjective) : बारीक

  • Meaning: Resembling or consisting of small grains or particles.
  • अर्थ: छोटे अनाज या कणों से मिलकर बनता है।
  • Synonyms: powdery, grainy, gritty, sandy.
  • Antonyms: soft, fine, smooth, glossy.
  • Usage: In the dry state, granular soil particles can be easily separated and identified.

CONTRAVENTION (noun) : उल्लंघन

  • Meaning: An action which offends against a law, treaty, or other ruling.
  • अर्थ: एक कार्रवाई जो एक कानून, संधि या अन्य शासन के खिलाफ होती है।
  • Synonyms: breach, violation, infringement, transgression.
  • Antonyms: compliance, conformity, obedience, adoption.
  • Usage: These powers must be exercised on consideration of the likelihood of damage or distress caused by the contravention of the Act.

SCALDING(Adjective) : धधकते हुए

  • Meaning: If a liquid is scalding, it is extremely hot
  • अर्थ: यदि कोई तरल पदार्थ खुरच रहा है, यह बहुत गर्म है
  • Synonyms: blazing, blistering
  • Antonyms: cold, cool
  • Example:  Against her will, hot scalding tears burst from her eyes and down her cheeks.

Leeway (Noun) : स्वतंत्रता

  • Meaning: the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.
  • अर्थ: उपलब्ध होने या चलने की स्वतंत्रता की मात्रा।
  • Synonyms: freedom, scope
  • Antonyms: Bigotry, extremism
  • Sentence: My boss grants me leeway to make my own decisions.

Dilatory (adjective) : धीमा

  • Meaning: slow to act
  • अर्थ: कार्य करने में धीमा
  • Synonyms: sluggish, slothful, lax, slack.
  • Antonyms: fast, prompt, brisk, quick.
  • Sentence: They were dilatory in providing the researchers with information.


Reprobate (Noun) :
 बदमाश

  • Meaning: an unprincipled person.
  • अर्थ:  एक अप्रतिष्ठित व्यक्ति।
  • Synonyms: rogue, scoundrel, villain, wretch.
  • Antonyms: upright, virtuous, principled, righteous
  • Sentence: Although the old man pretended to be a reprobate in public, in private he did a lot of good deeds for the homeless.

Axiomatic (Adjective): सिद्ध

  • Meaning: self-evident or unquestionable.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं स्पष्ट या निर्विवाद।
  • Synonym: Understood, Given, Granted, self-evident
  • Antonym: Misunderstood, uncertain
  • Sentence:  The arithmetic principles are axiomatic in nature.

Fester (Verb): सड़ना

  • Meaning: Become septic or become rotten and offensive to the senses.
  • अर्थ: सड़ जाना और आक्रामक बनना।
  • Synonyms: Suppurate, Rot, Decay, Degrade, Disintegrate.
  • Antonym: Build, Grow, Please, Improve, Flourish.
  • Sentence: If a cut or other injury festers, it becomes infected

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