The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 23 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 23 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

EXONERATE (Verb) : हक़ बहाल करना

  • Meaning: (of an official body) absolve (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing.
  • अर्थ: (एक आधिकारिक निकाय के) दोष या गलत काम के लिए किसी को दोष देना।
  • Synonyms: absolve, clear, acquit,
  • Antonyms: charge, convict
  • Usage: The job of the defense attorney is to exonerate his clients and keep them out of jail.

 PERNICIOUS (Adjective) : हानिकारक

  • Meaning: having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way.
  • अर्थ: हानिकारक प्रभाव होना, विशेष रूप से क्रमिक या सूक्ष्म तरीके से।
  • Synonyms: harmful, damaging, destructive, injurious
  • Antonyms: beneficial, benign, favourable
  • Usage: If you are going to behave in such a pernicious manner, I would prefer to not be around you.

 MUZZLE (Verb) : चुप्पी

  • Meaning: prevent (a person or group) from expressing their opinions freely.
  • अर्थ: स्वतंत्र रूप से अपनी राय व्यक्त करने से (एक व्यक्ति या समूह) को रोकें।
  • Synonyms: gag, silence, censor, suppress, stifle
  • Antonyms: permit, release
  • Usage: The highest court in the land came down heavily on the attempt by the administration to use its clout to muzzle the media.

 DRACONIAN (adjective) : बेरहम

  • Meaning: excessively harsh and severe.
  • अर्थ: अत्यधिक कठोर और गंभीर।
  • Synonyms: cruel, brutal, oppressive, ruthless.
  • Antonyms: mild, amenable, temperate, gentle.
  • Usage: There was a time when I would have argued that our libel laws were draconian and should be amended.

 VEST (verb) : निहित होना

  • Meaning: confer or bestow (power, authority, property, etc.) on someone.
  • अर्थ: किसी पर शक्ति या अधिकार (शक्ति, अधिकार, संपत्ति इत्यादि) प्रदान करना या देना।
  • Synonyms: entrust, invest, bestow, confer.
  • Antonyms: impede, inhibit, disqualify, disbar.
  • Usage: Extensive powers were vested into the hands of the President who headed the executive branch of government.

 HOBBLE (verb) : लड़खड़ाते हुए चलना

  • Meaning: walk in an awkward way, typically because of pain from an injury.
  • अर्थ: एक अजीब तरीके से चलना, आम तौर पर एक चोट से दर्द के कारण।
  • Synonyms: totter, dodder, falter, lurch.
  • Antonyms: breeze, glide, sail, stride.
  • Usage: And the Olympic silver medallist in Sydney looked to be in considerable pain as he hobbled off the track.

 GRAFT (noun) : घूस

  • Meaning: bribery and other corrupt practices used to secure illicit advantages or gains in politics or business.
  • अर्थ: राजनीति या व्यवसाय में अवैध लाभ या लाभ को सुरक्षित करने के लिए रिश्वत और अन्य भ्रष्ट आचरण।
  • Synonyms: corruption, dishonesty, fraudulence, subornation.
  • Antonyms: incorruptibility, honesty, sterility, probity.
  • Example: Public procurement laws also need urgent reform to prevent graft and corruption.

MAINSTAY (noun) : आधार

  • Meaning: a person or thing on which something else is based or depends.
  • अर्थ: वह व्यक्ति या वस्तु जिस पर कोई और चीज आधारित या निर्भर है।
  • Synonyms: cornerstone, bulwark, buttress, bastion.
  • Antonyms: antagonist, opponent, enemy.
  • Example: Smith was a mainstay of the club’s success this season with his running from defence and solid tackling.

 MISGIVING (noun) : संदेह

  • Meaning: a feeling of doubt or apprehension about the outcome or consequences of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के परिणाम या परिणाम के बारे में संदेह या आशंका की भावना।
  • Synonyms: qualm, doubt, reservation, scruple.
  • Antonyms: assurance, certainty, certitude, conviction.
  • Example: Despite my misgivings, I picked up a box of these today when I filled the new prescription.

STUPEFY (Verb) : मूर्ख बनाना

  • Meaning: to shock someone; stun
  • अर्थ: किसी को झटका देना; अचेत
  • Synonyms: astound, benumb
  • Antonyms: enliven, calm
  • Example: The people exclaim in horror and are stupefied with fear.

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