The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 28 May 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 28 May 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

Afflict(Verb) : पीड़ा देना
Meaning: Cause pain or suffering
अर्थ: पीड़ा या पीड़ा का कारण
Synonym: distress, grieve
Antonym: please, relieve
Usage: This will remove the problems afflicting society, specially those affecting the working class majority.

AXIOMATIC (Adjective) : सिद्ध
Meaning: self-evident or unquestionable.
अर्थ: स्वयं स्पष्ट या निर्विवाद।

Synonym: Understood, Given, Granted, self-evident
Antonym: Misunderstood, uncertain
Usage: The arithmetic principles are axiomatic in nature.

WREST (Verb) : हथियाना
Meaning: forcibly pull (something) from a person’s grasp.
अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति की समझ से जबरन (कुछ) खींचना।
Synonyms: wrench, snatch, seize, grab
Antonyms: give
Usage: Sita felt she had to wrest the weapon from the hostage-taker for the sake of her safety.

BACKSTOP (noun) : सुरक्षा
Meaning: an emergency precaution or last resort.
अर्थ: एक आपातकालीन एहतियात या अंतिम उपाय।
Synonyms: safeguard, preventive measure, insurance.
Antonyms: constraint, limitation, restriction, sanction.
Usage: They want the Democrats to act as a backstop for this wild nonsense.

Contrition:(Noun) : पछतावा
Meaning:- the state of feeling sorry for bad behaviour: the state of repentance.
अर्थ: बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
Antonyms:-impenitence, remorselessness
Usage:- The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.

SCAPEGOAT (Noun) : बलि का बकरा
Meaning: A person who is blamed for the wrongdoings of others
अर्थ: वह व्यक्ति जो दूसरों के अधर्म के लिए दोषी ठहराया जाता है
Synonym: Whipping boy, victim

Antonym: Armed man, cocked sparrow
Usage: Rajesh always finds a scapegoat to blame whenever he encountered a problem.

PANDER (verb) : बढ़ावा देना
Meaning: gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire or taste or a person with such a desire or taste)
अर्थ: तृप्ति या भोग (एक अनैतिक या अरुचिकर इच्छा या स्वाद या ऐसी इच्छा या स्वाद वाला व्यक्ति)
Synonyms: indulge, gratify, satisfy, yield.
Antonyms: dissatisfy, deny, refuse, disturb.
Usage: She tries to hold on to as much genuine stuff as she can while pandering to fancier tastes.

SMUG (adjective) : आत्मसंतुष्ट
Meaning: having or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one’s achievements.
अर्थ: स्वयं या किसी की उपलब्धियों में अत्यधिक अभिमान होना या दिखाना।
Synonyms: bighead, complacency, egotism, vainglory.
Antonyms: diffidence, bashfulness, demureness, shyness.
Usage: Because Rocky had a smug attitude during his meeting with the principal, he projected the image he was proud of his misdeeds.

HOARD : संचय करना
Meaning:to stockpile or store things excessively
अर्थ: चीजों को बहुत अधिक मात्रा में भंडारित करना या संग्रहीत करना
Synonyms:accumulation, heap
Antonyms:debt, need
Example:The shopaholic likes to hoard clothing and has filled three closets with dresses and shoes that she doesn’t need.

EMBELLISH: संवारना
Meaning:to make something sound or look better or more acceptable than it is in reality
अर्थ: किसी चीज को वास्तविक रूप से देखने के लिए ध्वनि को बेहतर या बेहतर या अधिक स्वीकार्य बनाना
Synonyms: adorn, deck
Antonyms: lessen, reduce
Example: Grandma likes to embellish her knitting by hiding secret messages in the pattern.

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