The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 28 November 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 28 November 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

CUTTING EDGE (adjective) : अग्रणी
highly advanced; innovative or pioneering.अर्थ: अत्यधिक उन्नत; अभिनव या अग्रणी।Synonyms: a progressive, revolutionary, trailblazing, novel.Antonyms: conventional, customary, established, traditional.

Usage: The best militaries in the world have to be cutting edge and always purchase the latest technology.PRAGMATISM (noun): व्यवहारवाद

  • Meaning: the quality of dealing with a problem in a sensible way that suits the conditions that really exist, rather than following fixed theories, ideas, or rules.
  • अर्थ: एक समस्या से निपटने की गुणवत्ता एक समझदार तरीके से जो उन परिस्थितियों के अनुकूल है जो वास्तव में मौजूद सिद्धांतों, विचारों या नियमों का पालन करने के बजाय मौजूद हैं।
  • Synonyms: prudence, expediency, sensibleness, practicality.
  • Antonyms: idealism, inappropriateness, impracticality, timidity.
  • Usage: The bumper payday was partly a result of pragmatism and caution rather than grand design.

DOLE(Noun) : लाभ

  • Meaning: benefit paid by the state to the unemployed.
  • अर्थ: बेरोजगारों को राज्य द्वारा दिया गया लाभ।
  • Synonyms: benefit, allowance, charity, benefit
  • Antonyms: forfeit, loss
  • Usage:  Do any of these people have jobs or are they all freeloading on the public dole?

PROBE(Noun) : जांच

  • Meaning: a thorough investigation into a crime or other matter.
  • अर्थ: अपराध या अन्य मामले की गहन जांच।
  • Synonyms: investigation, inquiry, examination, scrutiny
  • Usage:  An independent investigator will probe the allegations of racial bias in police hiring.

SHREWD(Adjective) : चालाक

  • Meaning: having or showing sharp powers of judgment; astute.
  • अर्थ: निर्णय की तेज शक्तियाँ होना या दिखाना; चतुर।
  • Synonyms: astute, sharp-witted, sharp, acute, intelligent
  • Antonyms: stupid, unwise, ingenuous
  • Usage:  As a motivational speaker, Clark is a shrewd manipulator of human emotions.

HAUGHTY(adjective) : अकड़बाज़
Meaning: having a feeling of superiority that shows itself in an overbearing attitudeअर्थ: श्रेष्ठता की भावना होना जो अपने आप में एक शानदार रवैया दिखाता हैSynonyms: cavalier, pompousAntonyms: modest, humbleUsage: They were displeased with her haughty airs.
DESPOTIC (Adjective) : निरंकुश

  • Meaning: of or typical of a despot; tyrannical.
  • अर्थ: एक निरंकुश के विशिष्ट; अत्याचारी।
  • Synonyms: autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian, authoritarian,
  • Antonyms: democratic, accountable
  • Usage: Under orders from the despotic ruler, citizens were denied freedom of speech.

GRISLY (Adjective) : क्रूर / डरावना 

  • Meaning: causing horror or disgust.
  • अर्थ: आतंक या घृणा पैदा करना।
  • Synonyms: gruesome, ghastly, frightful, horrid,
  • Antonyms: pleasant, attractive
  • Usage:Many massacres in history fade while some linger as grisly curiosities.

ESOTERIC (Adjective) : गूढ़

  • Meaning: intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with specialized knowledge or interest.
  • अर्थ: विशेष ज्ञान या रुचि वाले बहुत कम लोगों द्वारा समझा जाने या होने की संभावना।
  • Synonyms: abstruse, obscure, arcane,
  • Antonyms: simple, familiar
  • Usage:he medical research was so esoteric that only a few physicians could actually understand the results.

DENIZEN (noun) : निवासी

  • Meaning: a person, animal, or plant that lives or is found in a particular place.
  • अर्थ: एक व्यक्ति, जानवर, या पौधे जो रहते हैं या किसी विशेष स्थान पर पाए जाते हैं।
  • Synonyms: inhabitant, occupant, resident, tenant.
  • Antonyms: visitor, emigrant, evacuee, expatriate.
  • Usage: The author of Atlanta’s latest guidebook is a longtime denizen of the city who knows all the best places to visi

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