The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 28 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 28 October 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

AMNESTY (Noun) :अपराध-क्षमा 

  • Meaning: a decision by a government to forgive people who have committed particular illegal acts or crimes, and not to punish them
  • अर्थ : सरकार द्वारा उन लोगों को माफ करने का निर्णय जो विशेष रूप से गैरकानूनी कार्य या अपराध करते हैं।
  • Synonyms: forgiveness, absolution
  • Antonyms: conviction, sentence
  • Usage: The state has declared an amnesty for individuals who pay their outstanding back taxes.

Catastrophic (Adjective): आपत्तिजनक

  • Meaning: involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering.
  • अर्थ: अचानक बड़ी क्षति या पीड़ा को शामिल करना या उत्पन्न करना।
  • Synonyms: calamitous, cataclysmic, disastrous, fatal, ruinous, tragic
  • Antonyms: calamitous, cataclysmic, disastrous, fatal, ruinous, tragic
  • Example: A Latvian farm worker driving in Scotland for the first time killed a Perthshire father in a “catastrophic” collision

DURESS (noun) : अवरोध

  • Meaning: threats, violence, constraints, or other action used to coerce someone into doing something against their will or better judgement.
  • अर्थ: धमकी, हिंसा, अड़चन या अन्य कार्रवाई किसी को उनकी इच्छा या बेहतर निर्णय के खिलाफ कुछ करने में मजबूर करती है।
  • Synonyms: coercion, compulsion, pressurization, enforcement.
  • Antonyms: agreement, approval, consent, persuasion.
  • Usage: I think Harry was under duress when she signed the agreement; he never would have voluntarily accepted those conditions.

 EGALITARIAN (Noun) : समानाधिकारवादी

  • Meaning:one who advocates or practices social equality.
  • अर्थ:वह जो सामाजिक समानता की वकालत करता है या करता है।
  • Synonyms:democrat, leveler
  • Antonyms:snob, snoot
  • Usage: As egalitarians, some people have always promoted policies for equal pay.

Diminution (NOUN) : कमी

  • Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
  • Synonyms: curtailment, curtailing, cutting back, cut back, cut, attenuation, reduction, lessening,
  • Antonym: accretion, accrual, accumulation, addition, supplement
  • Example: Led by P.V. Narasimha Rao, it steered the country away from a diminution of its political stature that was assured were it to renege on them.

STREW (verb) : बिखेरना

  • Meaning: scatter or spread (things) untidily over a surface or area.
  • अर्थ: किसी सतह या क्षेत्र में बिखराव या फैलाव (चीजें)।
  • Synonyms: scatter, stipple, spatter, disperse.
  • Antonyms: centralize, concentrate, accumulate, collect.
  • Usage: Environmentalists were saddened to see people strew litter everywhere in the medians of the highways.

 Turgid (Adjective): सूजा हुआ

  • Meaning: Swollen
  • अर्थ: सूजा हुआ
  • Synonyms: tumid, inflated, bombastic, tumescent , bloated
  • Antonyms: deflated, decreased, diminished, contracted, chapfallen
  • Example: The river rolled darkly brown and turgid.

SMATTERING (noun) : गिरोह

  • Meaning: a small number
  • अर्थ: एक छोटी संख्या
  • Synonyms: couple, few, handful, sprinkle.
  • Antonyms: horde, legion, loads, multitude.
  • Usage: He spoke a smattering of words she didn’t understand.

NONPAREIL (adjective)  : अतुल

  • Meaning: having no match or equal; unrivalled.
  • अर्थ: जिसका कोई मेल या बराबर न हो; बेजोड़।
  • Synonyms: incomparable, matchless, unrivalled, inimitable.
  • Antonyms: familiar, frequent, normal, ordinary.
  • Usage: The champions deserved the title because they were nonpareil all season and won every game.

Quirk (Noun) : अनियमितता

  • Meaning: a strange habit
  • अर्थ: एक अजीब आदत
  • Synonyms: irregularity, trait
  • Antonyms: normality,
  • Usage: His biggest quirk is his love for old marbles.

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