The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 30 April 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 30 April 2021
The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 30 April 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 30 April 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

Afflict(Verb) : पीड़ा देना

  • Meaning: Cause pain or suffering
  • अर्थ: पीड़ा या पीड़ा का कारण
  • Synonym: distress, grieve
  • Antonym: please, relieve
  • Usage: This will remove the problems afflicting society, specially those affecting the working class majority.

AXIOMATIC (Adjective) : सिद्ध

  • Meaning: self-evident or unquestionable.
  • अर्थ: स्वयं स्पष्ट या निर्विवाद।
  • Synonym: Understood, Given, Granted, self-evident
  • Antonym: Misunderstood, uncertain
  • Usage: The arithmetic principles are axiomatic in nature.

WREST (Verb) : हथियाना

  • Meaning: forcibly pull (something) from a person’s grasp.
  • अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति की समझ से जबरन (कुछ) खींचना।
  • Synonyms: wrench, snatch, seize, grab
  • Antonyms: give
  • Usage: Sita felt she had to wrest the weapon from the hostage-taker for the sake of her safety.

BACKSTOP (noun) : सुरक्षा

  • Meaning: an emergency precaution or last resort.
  • अर्थ: एक आपातकालीन एहतियात या अंतिम उपाय।
  • Synonyms: safeguard, preventive measure, insurance.
  • Antonyms: constraint, limitation, restriction, sanction.
  • Usage: They want the Democrats to act as a backstop for this wild nonsense.

Contrition:(Noun) : पछतावा

  • Meaning:- the state of feeling sorry for bad behaviour: the state of repentance.
  • अर्थ:  बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
  • Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
  • Antonyms:-impenitence, remorselessness
  • Usage:- The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.

ARRANT (adjective) अत्यन्त

  • Meaning: Complete, utter.
  • अर्थ: पूरा, बिलकुल।
  • Synonyms: total, absolute, thorough, sheer.
  • Antonyms: minor, light, unclear, obscure.
  • Usage: These people crumble when their arrant nonsense is confronted with simple common sense.

STARK (adjective) निरानंद

  • Meaning: Unpleasantly or sharply clear.
  • अर्थ: अप्रिय या तीव्र रूप से स्पष्ट।
  • Synonyms: blunt, plain, unembellished, harsh.
  • Antonyms: lush, bleak, cheerful, opulent.
  • Usage: His evidence in chief stood in stark contrast to his evidence on cross-examination.

PREPONDERANCE (noun): प्रमुखता

  • Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
  • अर्थ: संख्या, मात्रा, या महत्व में अधिक होने का गुण या तथ्य।
  • Synonyms: prevalence, predominance, majority, generality.
  • Antonyms: subservience, disability, inferiority, flaw
  • Usage: The preponderance of unemployed workers is linked to the manufacturer’s desire to cut costs by sending jobs overseas.

EPICENE (adjective) उभयलिंगी

  • Meaning:  Effeminate; effete.
  • अर्थ: प्रयास करना; अशक्त।
  • Synonyms: Sissy, womanish, unmanly, girlish.
  • Antonyms: manly, mannish, masculine, virile.
  • Usage: More epicene than handsome, if you asked me,’ he muttered a bit darkly.’

ATROPHY (verb)  अपक्षय

  • Meaning: gradually decline in effectiveness or vigour due to underuse or neglect.
  • अर्थ: धीरे-धीरे प्रभाव या उपेक्षा के कारण प्रभावशीलता या ताक़त में गिरावट।
  • Synonyms: dwindle, deteriorate, decline, wane.
  • Antonym: strengthen, revive, advance, flourish.
  • Usage: When the gang leader died, his organization’s hold on the city began to atrophy as other gangs moved into the area.

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