The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary 4 December 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 4 December 2020 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

INTRANSIGENCE (Noun) : कट्टरता
Meaning: refusal to change one’s views or to agree about something.अर्थ: किसी के विचारों को बदलने या किसी चीज़ के बारे में सहमत होने से इनकार करना। Synonyms: inflexibility, stubbornness, obstinacy
Usage: I can’t understand Rachel’s intransigence, considering that we have undeniable proof that her idea is incorrect.


WHINE (Noun) : कराहना
Meaning:to make a long, high, sad sound

अर्थ: लम्बी, ऊँची, उदास ध्वनि करना
Synonyms:gripe, moan
Antonyms:happiness, pleasure
Example: Leon’s dog was sitting by the door whining, so I thought I’d better take it for a walk.


Pursy(Adjective) : मोटा
Meaning: Fat; short-winded especially because of corpulenceअर्थ: मोटा, मोटापा
Synonym: Blown, panting
Antonym: Cleared, lanky
Usage: Never since he was a child did the pursy old gentleman run as fast as he did now.


WREST (Verb) : हथियाना
Meaning: forcibly pull (something) from a person’s grasp.
अर्थ: किसी व्यक्ति की समझ से जबरन (कुछ) खींचना।
Synonyms: wrench, snatch, seize, grab
Antonyms: give
Usage: Sita felt she had to wrest the weapon from the hostage-taker for the sake of her safety.


BACKSTOP (noun) : सुरक्षाMeaning: an emergency precaution or last resort.अर्थ: एक आपातकालीन एहतियात या अंतिम उपाय।
Synonyms: safeguard, preventive measure, insurance.
Antonyms: constraint, limitation, restriction, sanction.
Usage: They want the Democrats to act as a backstop for this wild nonsense.


Contrition:(Noun) : पछतावाMeaning:- the state of feeling sorry for bad behaviour: the state of repentance.अर्थ:  बुरे व्यवहार के लिए खेद महसूस करने की स्थिति: पश्चाताप की स्थिति।
Synonyms: contriteness, guilt, penitence, regret, remorse, repentance
Antonyms:-impenitence, remorselessness
Usage:- The defendant pled guilty to the crime and expressed heartfelt contrition for the things he had done.


Plaintive (Adjective) : दर्दनाक
Meaning: expressing suffering or sadness, sounding sad and mournful.अर्थ: दुख या दुख व्यक्त करना, दु: खी और शोकाकुल लगना।
Synonym: aching, agonized, bitter, mournful, sad, wistful, doleful, pathetic, pitiful, piteous, melancholy, lamentable
Antonym: delighted, exulting, glorying, happy, joyful, rejoicing, triumphant, jocus, blithesome, euphoric.
Usage:- We could hear the plaintive cry of the wounded animal in the woods.
CHRONIC (Adjective) : पुरानी


Meaning: continuing or occurring again and again for a long time,  happening or existing frequently or most of the time, always or often doing something specified
अर्थ: लंबे समय तक बार-बार जारी रहना या घटित होना, लगातार या अधिकतर समय, हमेशा या अक्सर कुछ किया जाना
Synonym: natural; persistent, regular,
Antonym: unaccustomed, unused; intermittent, occasional
Example: He suffers from chronic arthritis.


ABLUTION (Noun): स्नान
Meaning: a cleansing with water or other liquid, especially as a religious ritual.
अर्थ: पानी या अन्य तरल के साथ सफाई, विशेष रूप से एक धार्मिक अनुष्ठान के रूप में।
Synonyms: purification, cleansing
Antonyms: impure
Example: While the bandaging no longer takes place, the ritual ablutions are still performed.

INACTION (noun) : निष्क्रियता
Meaning: lack of action where some is expected or appropriate.अर्थ: कार्रवाई की कमी जहां कुछ अपेक्षित या उचित है।
Synonyms: inertia, passivity, stagnation, acedia
Antonyms: busyness, energy, happiness, liveliness
Example: Now every minute’s inaction increased this spirit of restlessness.

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