The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 10 January 2022 (Improve Your Vocabulary)


The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 10 January 2022

Confronts (verb) सामना करना

  • Meaning:- come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.
  • अर्थ: –  शत्रुता या तर्क-वितर्क के साथ (किसी के) सामने आना।
  • Synonyms:- accost, defy, encounter
  • Antonyms:- avoid, dodge
  • Example:- Our eyes are shut to the damning facts which confront us on every side.

Unsubstantiated (adjective) निराधार

  • Meaning:- not supported or proven by evidence.
  • अर्थ: –  प्रमाण द्वारा समर्थित या सिद्ध नहीं।
  • Synonyms:- debatable, dubious, unsupported
  • Antonyms:- certain, sure
  • Example:- As yet he could not reveal his unsubstantiated information to another.
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Mercenaries (noun) वह सिपाही जो दूसरे मुल्क में लड़ाई के लिए रखे जायें

  • Meaning:- a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.
  • अर्थ: – विदेशी सेना में सेवा करने के लिए किराए पर लिया गया एक पेशेवर सैनिक।
  • Synonyms:- warrior, hireling
  • Example:- His citizens have no silver or gold of their own, but are ready enough to pay them to their mercenaries.

Contention (noun) विवाद

  • Meaning:- heated disagreement.
  • अर्थ: –  गरम असहमति।
  • Synonyms:- argument, conflict, controversy
  • Antonyms:- accord, agreement, harmony
  • Example:- Just what the ratio of the curve should be is a matter of contention.

Preposterous (adjective) निरर्थक

  • Meaning:- contrary to reason or common sense; utterly absurd or ridiculous.
  • अर्थ: –  तर्क या सामान्य ज्ञान के विपरीत; बिलकुल बेतुका या हास्यास्पद।
  • Synonyms:- absurd, crazy, excessive
  • Antonyms:- bad, balanced, believable
  • Example:- They created the most preposterous romances; and could not get the credit of creating them.

Reputation (noun) प्रतिष्ठा

  • Meaning:- the beliefs or opinions that are generally held about someone or something.
  • अर्थ: –  मान्यताएँ या मत जो आमतौर पर किसी या किसी चीज़ के बारे में आयोजित किए जाते हैं।
  • Synonyms:- character, fame, honor
  • Antonyms:- unimportance, disapproval
  • Example:- “Many have had that reputation who do not deserve it,” said Robert.

Jeopardize (verb) : ख़तरे में डालना

  • Meaning: put (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure.
  • अर्थ: (किसी को या किसी को) ऐसी स्थिति में रखना जिसमें हानि, हानि या असफलता का खतरा हो।
  • Synonyms: imperil, threaten, chance, gamble
  • Antonyms: guard,protect, save, design
  • Example: By a word he could have done it, yet he feared lest that word must jeopardize his brother.

Abate (Verb) – रोक-थाम करना

  • Meaning: (of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread
  • अर्थ: (कुछ अप्रिय या गंभीर) कम तीव्र या व्यापक हो जाता है
  • Synonyms: subside, die down/away/out, drop off/away, lessen, ease (off), let up, decrease, diminish, moderate, decline, fade, dwindle,
  • Antonyms: intensify, advance, extend, develop
  • Example: the storm suddenly abated

Rescind (Verb) – रद्द कर देना

  • Meaning: revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement).
  • अर्थ: निरस्त, रद्द या निरस्त (एक कानून, आदेश, या समझौता)।
  • Synonyms: revoke, repeal, cancel, reverse, abrogate, overturn, overrule, override, annul, nullify,
  • Antonyms: enforce, enact
  • Example: the government eventually rescinded the directive

Odious (adjective) :घृणित

  • Meaning: extremely unpleasant; repulsive.
  • अर्थ: अत्यंत अप्रिय; प्रतिकारक।
  • Synonyms: revolting, repulsive, repellent, repugnant
  • Antonyms: delightful, pleasant, agreeable, charming
  • Example: The athlete got arrested for participating in the odious sport of dogfighting.


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