The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 13 May 2022 (Improve Your Vocabulary

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The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 13 May 2022

IRIDESCENT (adjective) : इंद्रधनुषी

  • Meaning: Showing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different angles.
  • अर्थ: चमकीले रंग दिखाना जो विभिन्न कोणों से देखने पर बदलते प्रतीत होते हैं।
  • Synonyms: shining, glittering, sparkling, shimmering.
  • Antonyms: colorless, dull, plain, monochrome.
  • Usage: When the jeweler looked at the iridescent gems, he was made speechless by their brilliant colors.

THROWAWAY (adjective) : फेंका हुआ

  • Meaning: Denoting or relating to products that are intended to be discarded after being used once or a few times.
  • अर्थ: उन उत्पादों को नकारना या उनसे संबंधित जो एक या कुछ बार उपयोग किए जाने के बाद त्यागने का इरादा रखते हैं।
  • Synonyms: casual, careless, offhand, ill-considered.
  • Antonyms: adopt, embrace, retain, conserve
  • Usage: She was very upset at what to him was just a throwaway remark.


PRUNE (verb) : काटना

  • Meaning: Trim (a tree, shrub, or bush) by cutting away dead or overgrown branches or stems, especially to encourage growth.
  • अर्थ: विशेष रूप से विकास को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए मृत या अतिवृद्धि शाखाओं या तनों को काटकर (एक पेड़, झाड़ी या झाड़ी) ट्रिम करना।
  • Synonyms: reduce, cut/trim, decrease.
  • Antonyms: elongate, extend, lengthen.
  • Usage: Ideally, you should start pruning your tree to limit its size before it reaches full size.


STRIDE (noun) : तरक़्क़ी

  • Meaning: A long step or stage in making progress.
  • अर्थ: प्रगति करने में एक लंबा कदम या चरण।
  • Synonyms: clump, tramp, stomp, stalk.
  • Antonyms: amble, meander, , wander.
  • Usage: In two bounding strides the woman was in the street, kneeling over her friend.


VEXATIOUS (adjective) : अफ़सोसनाक

  • Meaning: Causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
  • अर्थ: झुंझलाहट, हताशा या चिंता का कारण या प्रवृत्ति।
  • Synonyms: annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome.
  • Antonyms: helpful, soothing, aiding, assisting.
  • Usage: This vexatious problem was resolved, incompletely, by civil war and secession.


STODGY (adjective) : घिसा पिटा

  • Meaning: Dull and uninspired; lacking originality or excitement
  • अर्थ: सुस्त और उदासीन; मौलिकता या उत्साह की कमी
  • Synonyms: uninteresting, dreary, uninspired, monotonous.
  • Antonyms: exciting, creative, breathtaking, enthralling.
  • Usage: Most of my students used informal, asymmetrical balance, as formal balance can seem stodgy and dull.


PURPORTEDLY (adverb) : कथित रूप से

  • Meaning: As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; allegedly.
  • अर्थ: जैसा प्रतीत होता है या सत्य कहा जाता है, हालांकि जरूरी नहीं कि ऐसा हो; कथित तौर पर।
  • Synonyms: allegedly, professedly, supposedly, seemingly.
  • Antonyms: absolutely, authentically, certainly, earnestly.
  • Usage: The woman found a letter purportedly signed by the Prime Minister.


AMELIORATE (verb) : सुधारना

  • Meaning: make (something bad or unsatisfactory) better
  • अर्थ: (कुछ बुरा या असंतोषजनक) बेहतर बनाना
  • Synonyms: better, reformed, amend, elevate.
  • Antonyms: worsen, aggravate, decline, blemish.
  • Usage: Ameliorate the relationship with your distant mother by sending a letter.


SKIRMISH (noun)  : झड़प

  • Meaning: an episode of irregular or unpremeditated fighting, especially between small        or outlying parts of armies or fleets.
  • अर्थ: अनियमित या बिना सोचे-समझे लड़ाई का एक प्रकरण, विशेष रूप से सेनाओं या बेड़े के छोटे या बाहरी हिस्सों के बीच।
  • Synonyms: Battle, fight, Clash.
  • Antonyms: Peace, Calm, Harmony.
  • Usage: Right before the game’s results were announced, the fans got into a skirmish over whose team was the greatest.


TOUCHSTONE (noun) : मापदंड

  • Meaning: a criterion by which something is judged
  • अर्थ: एक मानदंड जिसके द्वारा किसी चीज का न्याय किया जाता है
  • Synonyms: benchmark, criterion, metric, standard.
  • Antonyms: aberration, deviation, abnormality.
  • Usage: An understanding of grammar is often considered a touchstone by which all language skills are compared to.
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