The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 8 February 2022 (Improve Your Vocabulary)


The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 8 February 2022

REPULSE: खदेड़ना
Meaning: to push someone or something back or away, esp. to successfully stop an attack
अर्थ: किसी हमले या किसी चीज को पीछे धकेलना, सफलतापूर्वक किसी हमले को रोकना
Synonyms: check, defeat
Antonyms: attraction, success
Example: The attacks were repulsed by means of tear smoke.

ASTOUND: घबराना
Meaning: to surprise or shock someone very much
अर्थ: किसी को बहुत आश्चर्य या आघात पहुँचाना
Synonyms: astonish, bewilder
Antonyms: explain, clarify
Example: Considering how badly they’re paid and what little support they get, the dedication of these teachers astounds me.

RATIONAL: युक्तिसंगत
Meaning: based on clear thought and reason
अर्थ: स्पष्ट विचार और कारण पर आधारित
Synonyms: intelligent, judicious
Antonyms: careless, foolish
Example: Bayesian analysis provides a rational basis for the qualitative form of set-theoretic models of similarity.

DODGE: चकमा
Meaning: a trick to deceive someone or to avoid doing something that you do not want to do
अर्थ: किसी को धोखा देने या कुछ ऐसा करने से बचने के लिए जो आप नहीं करना चाहते हैं
Synonyms: device, method
Antonyms: face, confront
Example: When measured in yen, trade went up by only 2%, but measuring trade in yen is a dodge because almost all of it is conducted in dollars.

DEDUCE : परिणाम निकालना
Meaning: to reach an answer or a decision by thinking carefully about the known facts
अर्थ: ज्ञात तथ्यों के बारे में सावधानी से सोचकर किसी उत्तर या निर्णय तक पहुँचना
Synonyms: derive, surmise
Antonyms: destroy, disperse
Example: The police have deduced that he must have left his apartment yesterday evening.

THRALL(Noun): ग़ुलाम
Meaning: the state of being under the control of another person
अर्थ: किसी अन्य व्यक्ति के नियंत्रण में होने की स्थिति
Synonyms: servitude, slavery
Antonyms: mastery, dominance
Usage: After experiencing oppression at the thrall of Great Britain, the colonists decided to take action against the giant country in order to make decisions for themselves.

HIATUS (Noun) : ख़ाली जगह
Meaning: a pause or break in continuity in a sequence or activity.
अर्थ: एक अनुक्रम या गतिविधि में निरंतरता में विराम या विराम।
Synonyms: pause, break, interval, interruption, suspension
Antonyms: closure, juncture, misfortune
Usage: The professor will take his family on a long vacation during his hiatus.

HEAVE (Verb) : ढोना
Meaning: lift or haul (something heavy) with great effort.
अर्थ: बड़े प्रयास से उठा या ढोना (कुछ भारी)।
Synonyms: haul, pull, lug, drag
Antonyms: push
Usage: After he tried to heave the heavyweight above his head for the third time, the weak lifter decided to give up.

CONCOMITANT (noun) : आनुषंगिक
Meaning: a phenomenon that naturally accompanies or follows something.
अर्थ: एक ऐसी घटना जो स्वाभाविक रूप से किसी चीज का साथ देती है या उसका अनुसरण करती है।
Synonyms: accompaniment, attendant, corollary, adjunct.
Antonyms: irrelevant, unaided, unattached, unrelated.
Usage: Puberty is the stage of life where adolescents begin to experience concomitant changes in their bodies, their emotions, and their view of their parents.

USURIOUS (adjective) : अति ब्याज
Meaning: rate of interest that is unfairly high.
अर्थ: ब्याज की दर जो गलत तरीके से उच्च है।
Synonyms: avaricious, acquisitive, rapacious, covetous.
Antonyms: affordable, moderate, generous, undulating.
Usage: Can you lend to the poor without charging usurious interest?


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