Table of Contents
All Countries And Their Parliament Names PDF
What is Parliament?
A parliament is a group of people who make laws and keep an eye on the government. They represent the people who vote for them. The word “parliament” comes from a language called Anglo-Norman and has been used since the 14th century. There are two types of parliaments: unicameral and bicameral. In India, the parliament has two houses called the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
Countries and Parliaments
A parliament is a group of people who make laws and keep an eye on the government. They represent the people who vote for them. The word “parliament” comes from a language called Anglo-Norman and has been used since the 14th century. There are two types of parliaments: unicameral and bicameral. In India, the parliament has two houses called the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.aThe Althing is the oldest parliament in the world and it belongs to Iceland. It was established in 930 and is still active today. The list of countries and their legislatures mentioned in this article is significant for competitive exams. Candidates preparing for government exams should stay updated with this list as they may encounter questions related to it in the General Awareness section.
Aspirants, in their preliminary exams, may come across questions about different countries and their legislatures. To help with their preparation, we have compiled a list of countries and their legislatures in the article below.
List of Countries And Their Parliaments
The Parliament of India is a bicameral legislature consisting of two houses – the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). Check the functions of Parliament in India.
Given below is the list of Parliaments of different countries. Candidates can download the list of countries and their parliament names PDF given at the top and bottom of the article for their convenience.
|Countries||Capitals||Parliament of different Countries|
|Algeria||Algiers||National People’s Assembly|
|Andorra||Andorra La Vella||General Council|
|Angola||Luanda||National People’s Assembly|
|Argentina||Buenos Aires||National Congress|
|Britain||London||Parliament (House Of Commons And House Of Lords)|
|Brunei||Bandar Seri Begawan||National Assembly|
|Cambodia||Phnom Penh||National Assembly|
|China||Beijing||National People’s Assembly|
|Comoros||Moroni||Legislative Council And Senate|
|Costa Rice||San Jose||Legislative Council And Senate|
|Cuba||Havana||National Assembly Of People’s Power|
|East Timor||Dili||Constituent Assembly|
|El Salvador||San Salvador||Legislative Assembly|
|Ethiopia||Addis Ababa||Federal Council And House Of Representative|
|Fiji Islands||Suva||Senate & House Of Representative|
|Germany||Berlin||Bundestag (Lower House) & Bundesrat (Upper House)|
|Greece||Athens||Chamber Of Deputies|
|Indonesia||Jakarta||People’s Consultative Assembly|
|Italy||Rome||Chamber Of Deputies And Senate|
|Korea(North)||Pyongyang||Supreme People’s Assembly|
|Kuwait||Kuwait City||National Assembly|
|Laos||Vientiane||People’s Supreme Assembly|
|Lesotho||Maseru||National Assembly And Senate|
|Libya||Tripoli||General People’s Congress|
|Luxembourg||Luxembourg||Chamber Of Deputies|
|Madagascar||Antananarivo||National People’s Assembly|
|Mongolia||Ulaanbaatar||Great People’s Khural|
|Nepal||Kathmandu||Federal Parliament of Nepal|
|New Zealand||Wellington||Parliament (House Of Representatives)|
|Pakistan||Islamabad||National Assembly & Senate|
|Papua New Guinea||Port Moresby||National Parliament|
|Paraguay||Asuncion||Senate & Chamber Of Deputies|
|Romania||Bucharest||Great National Assembly|
|Russia||Moscow||Duma & Federal Council|
|Saudi Arabia||Riyadh||Majlis Al-Shura|
|Turkey||Ankara||Grand National Assembly|
Parliament of India
The Indian Parliament consists of two houses, namely the Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha, along with the President of India. It is often referred to as the People’s House as it represents the citizens of India. Although the President is not a member of either house, they hold a significant position in Parliament and have specific duties and responsibilities assigned to them.
According to the Constitution of India, the House can have a maximum of 552 members (originally set at 500 in 1950). Currently, the Lok Sabha has 543 seats, which are filled through the election of up to 543 members.
The Rajya Sabha
The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of Parliament in India, and unlike the Lok Sabha, it is a permanent body that does not get dissolved. However, every second year, one-third of the members retire from their positions and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member serves a term of six years.
The Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is the Vice President of India, who holds this position by default. The Rajya Sabha can have a maximum of 250 members. Among these members, the remaining seats are filled when the President nominates 12 individuals who have made notable contributions in fields like literature, art, science, and social service. Currently, the Rajya Sabha has a total of 245 members.
The Lok Sabha
The Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Indian Parliament and differs from the Rajya Sabha as it is not a bicameral legislature. Its members are democratically elected by the public, based on the principle of universal adult franchise.
The Lok Sabha consists of 550 members, out of which 530 are directly elected from different states and 20 from Union Territories. From 1952 to 2020, there were two reserved seats in the Lok Sabha for members of the Anglo-Indian community. The President of India nominated these two members upon the advice of the Government of India.
However, the reservation of seats for Anglo-Indians in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies was abolished by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act. The reservation for the Anglo-Indian community was extended until the year 2020 through the 95th Amendment in 2009, even though it was initially supposed to be effective until 1960.
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List of Countries And Their Parliaments PDF
Countries And Their Parliament Names: FAQ
How many countries have a parliament?
Almost every country on the planet has some form of parliament. Parliamentary systems are classified into two types: bicameral and unicameral. Out of the world’s 190 parliaments, 79 are bicameral (158 chambers) and 111 are unicameral, for a total of 269 chambers of parliament and approximately 44,000 members.
Which country has different houses of parliament?
In India, there are two houses of the legislature, the Rajya Sabha, and Lok Sabha. Similarly, other countries have different parliament houses of the legislature.
What is the name of China parliament?
The National People’s Congress People’s Republic of China