List of Indian States and its Official Languages

List of Indian States and its Official Languages
List of Indian States and its Official Languages

India, a union of states, is a sovereign, secular, democratic, republic with a parliamentary system of government. The President is the constitutional head of Executive of the Union. In the states, the Governor, as the representative of the President, is the head of the Executive.

The system of government in states closely resembles that of the Union. India, one of the most diverse nations in the world, is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories for administrative purposes. The tradition, culture, art, language and food vary from state to state and are unique to each region. Part XVII of the Indian constitution deals with the official languages in articles 343 to 351.The Constitution does not specify the official language of different states. At present, the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution specifies 22 languages (originally 14 languages).

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List of the Indian States and its Official Languages 2020

Here is the complete list of states and official languages of India.

Name of the StateLanguagesName of the Capital
Andhra PradeshTeluguHyderabad/Amravati
Arunachal Pradesh {AP}EnglishItanagar
AssamAssameseDispur
BiharHindiPatna
ChhattisgarhHindiRaipur
GoaKonkaniPanaji
GujaratGujaratiGandhinagar
HaryanaHindiChandigarh
Himachal Pradesh {HP}HindiShimla
JharkhandHindiRanchi
KarnatakaKannadaBangalore
KeralaMalayalamTrivendrum
Madhya Pradesh {MP}HindiBhopal
MaharashtraMarathiMumbai
ManipurMeiteilon (Manipuri)Imphal
MeghalayaEnglishShillong
MizoramMizo, English & HindiAizawl
NagalandEnglishKohima
OdishaOdiaBhubaneshwar
PunjabPunjabiChandigarh
RajasthanHindiJaipur
SikkimEnglishGangtok
Tamil NaduTamilChennai
TelanganaTelugu & UrduHyderabad
TripuraBengali, English & KokborokAgartala
Uttar Pradesh {UP}HindiLucknow
UttarakhandHindiDehradun
West Bengal {WB}BengaliKolkata

List of the Indian Union Territories Languages and Capitals

Here is the complete list of union territories languages of India.

Name of the Union TerritoryLanguagesName of the Capital
Andaman & Nicobar IslandHindi & EnglishPort Blair
ChandigarhEnglishChandigarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & DiuGujarati, Marathi, Konkani & HindiDaman
Jammu and KashmirKashmiri, Dogri, English, Hindi, UrduSrinagar (Summer Capital), Jammu (Winter capital)
DelhiHindiDelhi
LadakhLadakhi, Purgi, Hindi, EnglishLeh, Kargil
LakshadweepMalayalam & EnglishKavaratti
PondicherryTamilPondicherry

In the end; it is worth to mention that the Sindhi language was added in the 8th schedule by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967; Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992; and Bodo, Dongri, Maithili and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003. In all the 22 official languages the Hindi language is spoken by most of the Indians.

Indian States that have English as official language

StateOfficial language(s)Additional official language(s)
Arunachal PradeshEnglish
Himachal PradeshHindiEnglish
ManipurMeitei (Manipuri)English
MeghalayaEnglishKhasi and Garo
MizoramMizo, English and Hindi
NagalandEnglish
OdishaOdiaEnglish
RajasthanHindiEnglish
SikkimEnglishAdditional ten local languages
Tamil NaduTamilEnglish
TripuraBengali, English and Kokborok

Indian States that have Hindi as Official language

StateOfficial language(s)Additional official language(s)
BiharHindiUrdu
ChhattisgarhHindi
GujaratGujaratiHindi
HaryanaHindiPunjabi
Himachal PradeshHindiEnglish
JharkhandHindiUrdu
Madhya PradeshHindi
MizoramMizo, English and Hindi
RajasthanHindiEnglish
Uttar PradeshHindiUrdu
UttarakhandHindiSanskrit
West BengalBengaliNepali, Hindi, Kamtapuri, Kurukh and Urdu (specific areas)

List of Official Languages of India – FAQ

  1. How many languages are there in India?

    Ans: At present, the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution specifies 22 languages

  2. What are the 22 languages in India?

    Ans: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Marathi, Malayalam, Meitei (Manipuri),  Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu are the 22 languages in India.

  3. Which state has more languages in India?

    Ans : Nagaland is the most linguistically diverse state in India.

  4. Which state is least linguistically diverse in India?

    Ans : Kerala is least diverse state in India language-wise.

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