The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 23 July 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 23 July 2021

EPONYMOUS (adjective): नामस्रोत

  • Meaning:  of, relating to, or being the person or thing for whom or which something is named.
  • अर्थ: जिस व्यक्ति या किसी चीज़ का नाम रखा गया है, उसके लिए व्यक्ति या चीज़ से संबंधित है, या है।
  • Synonyms: namesake, cognominal, homonymous, swashbuckling.
  • Antonyms: anonymous, pseudo, unidentified, undisclosed.
  • Usage: By a curious coincidence all the names of eponymous heroes chanced to remind people of beasts.

 DIMINUTION (Noun) : अवनति

  • Meaning: a reduction in the size, extent, or importance of something.
  • अर्थ: किसी चीज के आकार, सीमा या महत्व में कमी।
  • Synonyms: curtailment,  contraction, constriction, restriction, limitation
  • Antonyms: increase, expansion, growth
  • Example:  The diminution of food court monitors has resulted in an increase in food fights at the high school.

Punctilious (Adjective) : समयनिष्ठ (पाबंद)

  • Meaning: showing great attention to detail or correct behaviour.
  • अर्थ: विस्तार या सही व्यवहार पर बहुत ध्यान देना।
  • Synonym: meticulous, conscientious, careful, diligent, attentive,
  • Antonym: careless, easy-going, slapdash
  • He was punctilious in providing every amenity for his customers.

Unprecedented (adjective) : अभूतपूर्व

  • Meaning: never done or known before.
  • अर्थ: पहले कभी नहीं किया या जाना जाता है।
  • Synonym: unequaled, unmatched, unrivaled.
  • Antonym: precedented, familiar, usual.
  • Usage: The damage caused by the hurricane is unprecedented and has never been experienced before in this country.

GRISLY (Adjective) : क्रूर / डरावना

  • Meaning: causing horror or disgust.
  • अर्थ: आतंक या घृणा पैदा करना।
  • Synonyms: gruesome, ghastly, frightful, horrid,
  • Antonyms: pleasant, attractive
  • Usage: Many massacres in history fade while some linger as grisly curiosities.

RELENT (verb) : नरम पड़ना

  • Meaning: to cease resistance (as to another’s arguments, demands, or control).
  • अर्थ: प्रतिरोध को रोकना (दूसरे के तर्क, मांग या नियंत्रण के अनुसार)।
  • Synonyms: concede, give in, submit, succumb.
  • Antonyms: combat, confront, counter, defy.
  • Sentence: Because my mother is very angry, she won’t relent on my severe punishment.

Malapert (adjective)  : गुस्ताख़

  • Meaning: boldly disrespectful; impudent.
  • अर्थ: साहसपूर्वक अनादर।
  • Synonym: impertinent, cheeky, rude, brazen.
  • Antonyms: courteous, humble, modest, polite.
  • Sentence: In a fury, she said that he was too malapert to give her such an answer, and affirmed that both he and they should repent it.

STASH (Verb) : छिपाने की जगह

  • Meaning: store (something) safely in a hidden or secret place.
  • अर्थ: एक छिपी या गुप्त जगह में सुरक्षित रूप से (कुछ) स्टोर करें।
  • Synonyms: bury, conceal, disguise, smuggle
  • Antonyms: expose, reveal
  • Example: Stash old plastic or paper shopping bags near the rubbish or garbage bin and then you can re-cycle them as bin liners.

SUBTERRANEAN (adjective) : भूमिगत

  • Meaning: secret; concealed.
  • अर्थ:  गुप्त।
  • Synonyms: covert, subversive, sunken, private.
  • Antonyms: aboveground, surface, open, palpable.
  • Example: The robbers are digging a subterranean path that will allow them to enter the bank from underneath the vault’s floor.

Knackered(Adjective) : थका हुआ

  • Meaning: Feeling very tires
  • अर्थ: बहुत थकान महसूस करना
  • Synonym: worn out, weary
  • Antonym: Working and fixed
  • Usage: Reema is feeling knackered after working all day long in the seminar.
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