The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 28 December 2021 (Improve Your Vocabulary)


The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 28 December 2021

Arraign (VERB) : आरोप लगाना

  • Meaning: to call (a defendant) before a court to answer to an indictment
  • अर्थ: अभियोग का जवाब देने के लिए अदालत के समक्ष (प्रतिवादी) को बुलाना
  • Synonym: appeal, book, cite, summon, accuse, charge, criminate
  • Antonym: advocate, champion, defend, excuse, forgive, justify
  • Sentence: They wanted to arraign the thief for stealing cars on the same day he was arrested.

HOODWINK(Verb) : आंख में धूल झोंकना

  • Meaning: Deceive or trick
  • अर्थ: छल
  • Synonym: Outwit, fool, swindle
  • Antonym: Undeceive, protect
  • Usage:  Beware of the fake calls that try to hoodwink you into giving your bank details.
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SUCCOUR (Noun) : परेशानी में सहायता

  • Meaning: assistance and support in times of hardship and distress.
  • अर्थ: कष्ट और संकट के समय सहायता और समर्थन।
  • Synonyms: aid, assistance, support, ease
  • Usage:  Even though Holly is painfully shy, she is never hesitant to offer succor to anyone who is in pain.

SISYPHEAN(Adjective) : व्यर्थ

  • Meaning: Referring to a task that can never be finished
  • अर्थ: ऐसे कार्य का जिक्र करना जो कभी समाप्त नहीं हो सकता
  • Synonym: futile, fruitless
  • Antonym: effective, useful
  • Usage: It’s a difficult task, maybe even a sisyphean one, but it’s a challenge for someone to do.

FRAUGHT(Adjective) : भरा हुआ

  • Meaning: Filled with or attended with
  • अर्थ: से भरा हुआ या साथ उपस्थित
  • Synonym: charged, laden
  • Antonym: empty, devoid
  • Usage: Her birthday was fraught with awkward moments when her family saw her blue hairs.

GRANULAR (adjective) : बारीक

  • Meaning: Resembling or consisting of small grains or particles.
  • अर्थ: छोटे अनाज या कणों से मिलकर बनता है।
  • Synonyms: powdery, grainy, gritty, sandy.
  • Antonyms: soft, fine, smooth, glossy.
  • Example: In the dry state, granular soil particles can be easily separated and identified.

REDACT (verb) : संपादित करना 

  • Meaning: edit (text) for publication.
  • अर्थ : प्रकाशन के लिए संपादन (पाठ)।
  • Synonyms: correct, rectify, repair, fix.
  • Antonyms: befoul, deteriorate, diminish, hinder.
  • Example: Some of the conclusions in the report have been redacted.

HONE (Verb) : पैना करना, प्रखर करना 

  • Meaning: to make sharp or sharper
  • अर्थ : तीव्र या तेज करना
  • Synonyms: edge, grind, sharpen, stone
  • Antonyms: blunt, dull
  • Example: honed the knifeʼs blade to razor-like sharpness.

EXORBITANT(Adjective) : अत्यधिक

  • Meaning: (of prices and demands) much too large
  • अर्थ:  (कीमतों और माँगों में) बहुत बड़ा
  • Synonyms: enormous, outrageous
  • Antonyms: cheap, good
  • Example: The interest charged on most credit cards is exorbitant.

CONTRAVENTION (noun) : उल्लंघन

  • Meaning: An action which offends against a law, treaty, or other ruling.
  • अर्थ: एक कार्रवाई जो एक कानून, संधि या अन्य शासन के खिलाफ होती है।
  • Synonyms: breach, violation, infringement, transgression.
  • Antonyms: compliance, conformity, obedience, adoption.
  • Example: These powers must be exercised on consideration of the likelihood of damage or distress caused by the contravention of the Act.

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