Table of Contents
List of Chief Ministers of Bihar
The Chief Minister of Bihar wields significant authority as the primary executive in the state. Although the Governor of Bihar holds a formal position as the head of the state, it is the Chief Minister who exercises substantial control over the state’s affairs. Since 1946, Bihar has witnessed the leadership of 23 different individuals who have assumed the role of Chief Minister.
The very first Chief Minister of Bihar was Sri Krishna Sinha, who represented the Indian National Congress party. Notably, he remains the record holder for the longest tenure in office. Currently, Nitish Kumar serves as the Chief Minister, while Tejashwi Yadav holds the position of Deputy Chief Minister. Nitish Kumar has held this role since February 22, 2015, making him one of the most recent leaders to guide Bihar.
On August 10, 2020, Tejashwi Yadav was officially sworn in as the Deputy Chief Minister of the state, while Nitish Kumar assumed the position of Chief Minister for the eighth time. This alliance between Nitish Kumar’s Janata Dal (U) and Tejashwi Yadav’s Rashtriya Janata Dal formed the government, marking a significant collaboration between the two leaders.
List of Chief Ministers of Bihar From 1946 to 2023
Candidates can check out the list of chief ministers of Bihar from 1946 to 2023 from the below table:-
|List of Chief Ministers of Bihar From 1946 to 2023|
|Name of the Chief Minister||From||To||Name of the Party|
|Nitish Kumar||22 Feb 2015||Incumbent||JD(U)|
|Jitan Ram Manjhi||20 May 2014||22 Feb 2015||JD(U)|
|Nitish Kumar||24 Nov 2005||19 May 2014||JD(U)|
|President’s rule||7 Mar 2005||24 Nov 2005||–|
|Rabri Devi||11 Mar 2000||6 Mar 2005||RJD|
|Nitish Kumar||3 Mar 2000||10 Mar 2000||JD(U)|
|Rabri Devi||9 Mar 1999||2 Mar 2000||RJD|
|President’s rule||11 Feb 1999||9 Mar 1999||–|
|Rabri Devi||25 Jul 1997||11 Feb 1999||RJD|
|Lalu Prasad Yadav||4 Apr 1995||25 Jul 1997||JD, RJD|
|President’s rule||28 Mar 1995||4 Apr 1995||–|
|Lalu Prasad Yadav||10 Mar 1990||28 Mar 1995||JD|
|Jagannath Mishra||6 Dec 1989||10 Mar 1990||INC (I)|
|Satyendra Narayan Sinha||11 Mar 1989||6 Dec 1989||INC (I)|
|Bhagwat Jha Azad||14 Feb 1988||10 Mar 1989||INC (I)|
|Bindeshwari Dubey||12 Mar 1985||13 Feb 1988||INC (I)|
|Chandrashekhar Singh||14 Aug 1983||12 Mar 1985||INC (I)|
|Jagannath Mishra||8 Jun 1980||14 Aug 1983||INC (I)|
|President’s rule||17 Feb 1980||8 Jun 1980||–|
|Ram Sundar Das||21 Apr 1979||17 Feb 1980||JNP|
|Karpoori Thakur||24 Jun 1977||21 Apr 1979||JNP|
|President’s rule||30 Apr 1977||24 Jun 1977||–|
|Jagannath Mishra||11 Apr 1975||30 Apr 1977||INC|
|Abdul Ghafoor||2 Jul 1973||11 Apr 1975||INC|
|Kedar Pandey||19 Mar 1972||2 Jul 1973||INC|
|President’s rule||9 Jan 1972||19 Mar 1972||–|
|Bhola Paswan Shastri||2 Jun 1971||9 Jan 1972||INC|
|Karpoori Thakur||22 Dec 1970||2 Jun 1971||Socialist Party|
|Daroga Prasad Rai||16 Feb 1970||22 Dec 1970||INC|
|President’s rule||6 Jul 1969||16 Feb 1970||–|
|Bhola Paswan Shastri||22 Jun 1969||4 Jul 1969||INC (O)|
|Harihar Singh||26 Feb 1969||22 Jun 1969||INC|
|President’s rule||29 Jun 1968||26 Feb 1969||–|
|Bhola Paswan Shastri||22 Mar 1968||29 Jun 1968||INC (O)|
|B. P. Mandal||1 Feb 1968||2 Mar 1968||INC|
|Satish Prasad Singh||28 Jan 1968||1 Feb 1968||INC|
|Mahamaya Prasad Sinha||5 Mar 1967||28 Jan 1968||JKD|
|K. B. Sahay||2 Oct 1963||5 Mar 1967||INC|
|Binodanand Jha||18 Feb 1961||2 Oct 1963||INC|
|Deep Narayan Singh||1 Feb 1961||18 Feb 1961||INC|
|Krishna Singh||2 Apr 1946||31 Jan 1961||INC|
Chief Ministers of Bihar Facts for UPSC
- After Lalu Prasad Yadav, the former chief minister of Bihar, was found guilty in the Fodder Scam in 1997, his wife Rabri Devi was appointed to the position.
- Together, Rabri Devi and Lalu Prasad Yadav ruled Bihar for about 15 years.
- To elect members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly, the 2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly Election ran from October 28, 2020, to November 7, 2020.
- Nitish Kumar has been in office as the incumbent since 22 February 2015.
- Nitish Kumar took the oath of office and was sworn in as chief minister for the eighth time on August 10, 2022.
First Chief Ministers of Bihar
Sri Krishna Sinha, a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement, served as the first Chief Minister of Bihar. His tenure began on August 2, 1947. Sinha played a pivotal role in shaping Bihar’s political landscape, and his leadership ushered in crucial reforms in education, agriculture, and social welfare.
Following in Sinha’s footsteps, the second Chief Minister was Anugrah Narayan Sinha, who assumed office from January 28, 1952, and continued until February 17, 1957. Anugrah Narayan Sinha was an esteemed nationalist and a key architect of modern Bihar. The legacies of both leaders remain integral to Bihar’s early development, serving as a lasting precedent for future administrations in the state.
Current Chief Ministers of Bihar
Nitish Kumar, a seasoned stalwart in the realm of Bihar politics, has exerted a profound influence on the governance of the state over numerous decades. Grounded in a pragmatic approach and a steadfast commitment to development, Kumar has established a well-earned reputation as a dedicated leader devoted to advancing Bihar’s prosperity.
Throughout his tenure, Bihar has witnessed significant advancements in education, healthcare, and infrastructure, which have collectively fortified the state’s socio-economic fabric. Notably, Kumar’s unwavering focus on promoting good governance has played a pivotal role in driving down crime rates, thereby fostering a safer environment for the people.
Kumar’s resolute dedication to social justice and the empowerment of marginalized communities has led to the formulation of policies that have yielded tangible benefits for these underprivileged groups. Nitish Kumar’s enduring leadership has etched an indelible mark on Bihar’s trajectory, offering the promise of ongoing growth and prosperity for the state.
FAQ on List of Chief Ministers of Bihar
Q. Who is the 1 Chief Minister of Bihar?
Sri Krishna Sinha is the first Chief Minister of Bihar. His tenure was from Apr 2, 1946, to 31 Jan 1961
Q. Who is the present vice Chief Minister of Bihar?
Present vice Chief Minister of Bihar Tejashwi Yadav since 10 August 2022
Q. How many terms has Nitish Kumar served as Chief Minister of Bihar?
Nitish Kumar has served as the Chief Minister of Bihar multiple times. As of my last knowledge update, he had served seven non-consecutive terms.
Q. What is the tenure of a Chief Minister in Bihar?
The tenure of a Chief Minister in Bihar, like in most Indian states, is five years. However, it can end earlier if the Legislative Assembly is dissolved or if the Chief Minister resigns or loses a vote of confidence.
|Chief Ministers Delhi||Chief Ministers of Kerala|
|Chief Ministers of Bihar||Chief Ministers of Karnataka|
|Chief Ministers of Gujarat||Chief Ministers of West Bengal|
|Chief Ministers of Maharastra||Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu|
|Chief Ministers of India||Chief Ministers of Uttarakhand|
|Chief Ministers of Punjab||Chief Ministers of Haryana|
|Chief Ministers of Telangana||Chief Ministers of Sikkim|
|Chief Ministers of Arunachal Pradesh||Chief Ministers of Goa|
|Chief Ministers of Jharkhand||Chief Ministers of Meghalaya|
|Chief Ministers of Rajasthan||Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh|
|Chief Ministers of Manipur||Chief Ministers of Mizoram|
|Chief Ministers of Assam||Chief Ministers of Odisha|
|Chief Ministers of Chattisgarh||Chief Ministers of Jammu & Kashmir|
|Chief Ministers of Nagaland||Chief Ministers of Tripura|
|Chief Ministers of Himachal Pradesh|