The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 5 March 2022 (Improve Your Vocabulary)

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The Hindu Editorial VOCAB 5 March 2022

ARRANT (adjective) अत्यन्त

  • Meaning: Complete, utter.
  • अर्थ: पूरा, बिलकुल।
  • Synonyms: total, absolute, thorough, sheer.
  • Antonyms: minor, light, unclear, obscure.
  • Usage: These people crumble when their arrant nonsense is confronted with simple common sense.

STARK (adjective) निरानंद

  • Meaning: Unpleasantly or sharply clear.
  • अर्थ: अप्रिय या तीव्र रूप से स्पष्ट।
  • Synonyms: blunt, plain, unembellished, harsh.
  • Antonyms: lush, bleak, cheerful, opulent.
  • Usage: His evidence in chief stood in stark contrast to his evidence on cross-examination.

PREPONDERANCE (noun): प्रमुखता

  • Meaning: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
  • अर्थ: संख्या, मात्रा, या महत्व में अधिक होने का गुण या तथ्य।
  • Synonyms: prevalence, predominance, majority, generality.
  • Antonyms: subservience, disability, inferiority, flaw
  • Usage: The preponderance of unemployed workers is linked to the manufacturer’s desire to cut costs by sending jobs overseas.

EPICENE (adjective) उभयलिंगी

  • Meaning:  Effeminate; effete.
  • अर्थ: प्रयास करना; अशक्त।
  • Synonyms: Sissy, womanish, unmanly, girlish.
  • Antonyms: manly, mannish, masculine, virile.
  • Usage: More epicene than handsome, if you asked me,’ he muttered a bit darkly.’

ATROPHY (verb)  अपक्षय

  • Meaning: gradually decline in effectiveness or vigour due to underuse or neglect.
  • अर्थ: धीरे-धीरे प्रभाव या उपेक्षा के कारण प्रभावशीलता या ताक़त में गिरावट।
  • Synonyms: dwindle, deteriorate, decline, wane.
  • Antonym: strengthen, revive, advance, flourish.
  • Usage: When the gang leader died, his organization’s hold on the city began to atrophy as other gangs moved into the area.

Subtler: (adjective) जटिल

  • Meaning: clever at attaining one’s ends by indirect and often deceptive means
  • अर्थ: अप्रत्यक्ष और अक्सर भ्रामक साधनों द्वारा एक के सिरों को प्राप्त करने में चतुर
  • Synonyms: artful, beguiling, cagey, crafty, cunning, cute, designing, devious, foxy, guileful, scheming, shrewd, slick, sly, tricky, wily
  • Antonyms: artless, guileless, ingenuous, innocent
  • Usage: There have been many subtler, more original and more systematic thinkers about the conditions of the social union.

Proffer: (verb) निवेदन करना

  • Meaning: to put before another for acceptance or consideration
  • अर्थ: स्वीकृति या विचार के लिए दूसरे के सामने रखना
  • Synonyms: extend, offer, tender, propose, give in, submit.
  • Antonyms: decline, deny, disallow, disapprove, negative, reject.
  • Usage: It is the ultimate manifestation of the marketplace of ideas; the more people who proffer their ideas to the world, the better the outcome will be for us all.

Hoary: (adjective) वयोवृद्ध

  • Meaning: dating or surviving from the distant past
  • अर्थ: दूर के अतीत से डेटिंग या जीवित रहना
  • Synonyms: age-old, aged, ancient, antediluvian, antique, dateless, hoar, immemorial, old, venerable
  • Antonyms: modern, new, recent

CONCOMITANT (adjective) सहगामी

  • Meaning: naturally  accompanying or associated.
  • अर्थ: स्वाभाविक रूप से साथ या जुड़ा हुआ।
  • Synonyms: attendant, collateral, linked, accessory, auxiliary.
  • Antonyms: unassociated, unconnected, unrelated, indifferent, unbound.
  • Usage: That it is apparently devoid of psychical concomitant need not imply that the impressions concerned in it are crude and in elaborate.

STULTIFY (verb) वृथा करना

  • Meaning: cause to lose enthusiasm and initiative, especially as a result of a tedious or restrictive routine.
  • अर्थ:विशेष रूप से थकाऊ या प्रतिबंधात्मक दिनचर्या के परिणामस्वरूप उत्साह और पहल को खोने का कारण।
  • Synonyms:hamper, impede, obstruct, thwart, suppress, smother, repress, counteract, trammel, restrain.
  • Antonyms:consolidate, augment, glorify, exacerbate, exalt, stir, elevate, accentuate, strengthen.
  • Usage: By referencing actual statistics, he was able to stultify his opponent’s argument.

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